Self-assessed occupational health and working environment of female nurses, cabin crew and teachers

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2336/13024
Title:
Self-assessed occupational health and working environment of female nurses, cabin crew and teachers
Authors:
Sveinsdottir, Herdis; Gunnarsdottir, Holmfridur; Fridriksdottir, Hildur
Citation:
Scand J Caring Sci 2007, 21(2):262-73
Issue Date:
1-Jun-2007
Abstract:
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe and compare the self-assessed occupational health among female nurses, cabin crew and teachers, in relation to their working environment. Background: Similarities between the three occupations, i.e. predominantly female and service-oriented, render them interesting in comparison with respect to health and working environment. METHODS: The participants were female Icelandic cabin crew, nurses and elementary school teachers. A questionnaire including items on socio-demographics, working environment (addressing work pace, job security, monotonous work, assistance, physically strenuous work and physical environmental factors) and a symptom list was used for data collection. Factor analyses on the symptom list resulted in five symptom scales: Musculoskeletal, Stress and exhaustion, Common cold, Gastrointestinal and Sound perception scale. A total of 1571 questionnaires were distributed. The response rate was 65.7-69%, depending on occupation. Data were collected in 2002. RESULTS: Cabin crew reported worse gastrointestinal, sound perception and common cold symptoms than nurses and teachers. Cabin crew and teachers reported worse symptoms of stress and exhaustion than nurses (p < 0.05). When compared with teachers and nurses cabin crew reported less job security and more physically strenuous and monotonous work. Nurses were likelier to seek assistance from co-workers or patients as well as to take care of an older relative than teachers and cabin crew. Regression analysis found that within each occupation distress from environmental factors resulted in higher score on all the symptom scales. CONCLUSIONS: Nurses experience less stress and exhaustion than teachers and cabin crew. In comparison with one or both of the other occupations nurses are more likely to assist each other with their work, experience job security, reporting physically complex work and take care of older relatives. This should be highlighted as positive aspects of nurses' work praised as displaying responsibility and interconnectedness of nurses'.
Description:
To access Publisher full text version of this article. Please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links field
Additional Links:
http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1471-6712.2007.00465.x

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorSveinsdottir, Herdis-
dc.contributor.authorGunnarsdottir, Holmfridur-
dc.contributor.authorFridriksdottir, Hildur-
dc.date.accessioned2007-07-31T11:22:37Z-
dc.date.available2007-07-31T11:22:37Z-
dc.date.issued2007-06-01-
dc.date.submitted2007-07-31-
dc.identifier.citationScand J Caring Sci 2007, 21(2):262-73en
dc.identifier.issn0283-9318-
dc.identifier.pmid17559446-
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/j.1471-6712.2007.00465.x-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/13024-
dc.descriptionTo access Publisher full text version of this article. Please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links fielden
dc.description.abstractAIM: The aim of this study was to describe and compare the self-assessed occupational health among female nurses, cabin crew and teachers, in relation to their working environment. Background: Similarities between the three occupations, i.e. predominantly female and service-oriented, render them interesting in comparison with respect to health and working environment. METHODS: The participants were female Icelandic cabin crew, nurses and elementary school teachers. A questionnaire including items on socio-demographics, working environment (addressing work pace, job security, monotonous work, assistance, physically strenuous work and physical environmental factors) and a symptom list was used for data collection. Factor analyses on the symptom list resulted in five symptom scales: Musculoskeletal, Stress and exhaustion, Common cold, Gastrointestinal and Sound perception scale. A total of 1571 questionnaires were distributed. The response rate was 65.7-69%, depending on occupation. Data were collected in 2002. RESULTS: Cabin crew reported worse gastrointestinal, sound perception and common cold symptoms than nurses and teachers. Cabin crew and teachers reported worse symptoms of stress and exhaustion than nurses (p < 0.05). When compared with teachers and nurses cabin crew reported less job security and more physically strenuous and monotonous work. Nurses were likelier to seek assistance from co-workers or patients as well as to take care of an older relative than teachers and cabin crew. Regression analysis found that within each occupation distress from environmental factors resulted in higher score on all the symptom scales. CONCLUSIONS: Nurses experience less stress and exhaustion than teachers and cabin crew. In comparison with one or both of the other occupations nurses are more likely to assist each other with their work, experience job security, reporting physically complex work and take care of older relatives. This should be highlighted as positive aspects of nurses' work praised as displaying responsibility and interconnectedness of nurses'.en
dc.format.extent121013 bytes-
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf-
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherTaylor & Francisen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1471-6712.2007.00465.xen
dc.subject.meshFacultyen
dc.subject.meshFemaleen
dc.subject.meshHumansen
dc.subject.meshNursesen
dc.subject.meshOccupational Healthen
dc.subject.meshQuestionnairesen
dc.subject.meshSelf Assessment (Psychology)en
dc.subject.meshWorkplaceen
dc.titleSelf-assessed occupational health and working environment of female nurses, cabin crew and teachersen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalScandinavian journal of caring sciencesen
dc.format.digYES-
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