Omega-3 fatty acid supply from milk associates with lower type 2 diabetes in men and coronary heart disease in women

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2336/13595
Title:
Omega-3 fatty acid supply from milk associates with lower type 2 diabetes in men and coronary heart disease in women
Authors:
Thorsdottir, Inga; Hill, Jeremy; Ramel, Alfons
Citation:
Prev Med 2004, 39(3):630-4
Issue Date:
1-Sep-2004
Abstract:
BACKGROUND: Omega-3 fatty acids may prevent type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease (CHD). We investigated these fatty acids in Nordic cow's milk and whether their supply from milk associates with type 2 diabetes prevalence and CHD mortality in the Nordic countries. METHODS: Samples (N = 84) of consumers' milk were collected in five Nordic countries four times during 1 year. Fatty acids were analyzed using gas chromatography. Fatty acids supply from milk fat was calculated using national food balance sheets. RESULTS: The omega-3 fatty acids content was higher and omega-6 fatty acid content was lower in Icelandic milk when compared with milk from other Nordic countries. Type 2 diabetes prevalence in men correlated inversely with the supply of omega-3 fatty acids and eicosapentaenic acid, but positively with omega-6/omega-3 ratio in milk. CHD mortality in women correlated inversely with the supply of eicosapentaenic acid but positively with the omega-6/omega-3 ratio. CONCLUSIONS: Milk fatty acids content can depend upon the origin of the milk. The higher supply of omega-3 fatty acids from milk might explain the lower type 2 diabetes prevalence and CHD mortality in Iceland compared to the other Nordic countries.
Description:
To access publisher full text version of this article. Please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links field
Additional Links:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6WPG-4C40ST8-2/2/45b5e47ad64ebb019da62e1d641604dc

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorThorsdottir, Inga-
dc.contributor.authorHill, Jeremy-
dc.contributor.authorRamel, Alfons-
dc.date.accessioned2007-09-12T11:44:38Z-
dc.date.available2007-09-12T11:44:38Z-
dc.date.issued2004-09-01-
dc.date.submitted2007-09-12-
dc.identifier.citationPrev Med 2004, 39(3):630-4en
dc.identifier.issn0091-7435-
dc.identifier.pmid15313105-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.ypmed.2004.02.031-
dc.identifier.otherNUR12-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/13595-
dc.descriptionTo access publisher full text version of this article. Please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links fielden
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Omega-3 fatty acids may prevent type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease (CHD). We investigated these fatty acids in Nordic cow's milk and whether their supply from milk associates with type 2 diabetes prevalence and CHD mortality in the Nordic countries. METHODS: Samples (N = 84) of consumers' milk were collected in five Nordic countries four times during 1 year. Fatty acids were analyzed using gas chromatography. Fatty acids supply from milk fat was calculated using national food balance sheets. RESULTS: The omega-3 fatty acids content was higher and omega-6 fatty acid content was lower in Icelandic milk when compared with milk from other Nordic countries. Type 2 diabetes prevalence in men correlated inversely with the supply of omega-3 fatty acids and eicosapentaenic acid, but positively with omega-6/omega-3 ratio in milk. CHD mortality in women correlated inversely with the supply of eicosapentaenic acid but positively with the omega-6/omega-3 ratio. CONCLUSIONS: Milk fatty acids content can depend upon the origin of the milk. The higher supply of omega-3 fatty acids from milk might explain the lower type 2 diabetes prevalence and CHD mortality in Iceland compared to the other Nordic countries.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherAcademic Pressen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6WPG-4C40ST8-2/2/45b5e47ad64ebb019da62e1d641604dcen
dc.subject.meshCoronary Diseaseen
dc.subject.meshDiabetes Mellitus, Type 2en
dc.subject.meshFatty Acids, Omega-3en
dc.subject.meshMilken
dc.titleOmega-3 fatty acid supply from milk associates with lower type 2 diabetes in men and coronary heart disease in womenen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalPreventive medicineen
dc.format.digYES-

Related articles on PubMed

All Items in Hirsla are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.