Urban–rural differences in pediatric traumatic head injuries: A prospective nationwide study

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2336/18288
Title:
Urban–rural differences in pediatric traumatic head injuries: A prospective nationwide study
Authors:
Halldorsson, Jonas G; Flekkoy, Kjell M; Gudmundsson, Kristinn R; Arnkelsson, Gudmundur B; Arnarson, Eirikur Orn
Citation:
Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2007, 3(6)935-41
Issue Date:
1-Dec-2007
Abstract:
Aims: To estimate differences in the incidence of recorded traumatic head injuries by gender, age, severity, and geographical area. Methods: The study was prospective and nationwide. Data were collected from all hospitals, emergency units and healthcare centers in Iceland regarding all Icelandic children and adolescents 0–19 years old consecutively diagnosed with traumatic head injuries (N = 550) during a one-year period. Results: Annual incidence of minimal, mild, moderate/severe, and fatal head injuries (ICD-9 850–854) was 6.41 per 1000, with 95% confi dence interval (CI) 5.9, 7.0. Annual incidence of minimal head injuries (ICD-9 850) treated at emergency units was 4.65 (CI 4.2, 5.1) per 1000, mild head injuries admitted to hospital (ICD-9 850) was 1.50 (CI 1.3, 1.8) per 1000, and moderate/severe nonfatal injuries (ICD-9 851–854) was 0.21 (CI 0.1, 0.3) per 1000. Death rate was 0.05 (CI 0.0, 0.1) per 1000. Young children were at greater risk of sustaining minimal head injuries than older ones. Boys were at greater risk than girls were. In rural areas, incidence of recorded minimal head injuries was low. Conclusions: Use of nationwide estimate of the incidence of pediatric head injury shows important differences between urban and rural areas as well as between different age groups.
Description:
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Additional Links:
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Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorHalldorsson, Jonas G-
dc.contributor.authorFlekkoy, Kjell M-
dc.contributor.authorGudmundsson, Kristinn R-
dc.contributor.authorArnkelsson, Gudmundur B-
dc.contributor.authorArnarson, Eirikur Orn-
dc.date.accessioned2008-02-14T13:53:50Z-
dc.date.available2008-02-14T13:53:50Z-
dc.date.issued2007-12-01-
dc.date.submitted2008-02-14-
dc.identifier.citationNeuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2007, 3(6)935-41en
dc.identifier.issn1176-6328-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/18288-
dc.descriptionTo access full text version of this article. Please click on the hyperlink "View/Open" belowen
dc.description.abstractAims: To estimate differences in the incidence of recorded traumatic head injuries by gender, age, severity, and geographical area. Methods: The study was prospective and nationwide. Data were collected from all hospitals, emergency units and healthcare centers in Iceland regarding all Icelandic children and adolescents 0–19 years old consecutively diagnosed with traumatic head injuries (N = 550) during a one-year period. Results: Annual incidence of minimal, mild, moderate/severe, and fatal head injuries (ICD-9 850–854) was 6.41 per 1000, with 95% confi dence interval (CI) 5.9, 7.0. Annual incidence of minimal head injuries (ICD-9 850) treated at emergency units was 4.65 (CI 4.2, 5.1) per 1000, mild head injuries admitted to hospital (ICD-9 850) was 1.50 (CI 1.3, 1.8) per 1000, and moderate/severe nonfatal injuries (ICD-9 851–854) was 0.21 (CI 0.1, 0.3) per 1000. Death rate was 0.05 (CI 0.0, 0.1) per 1000. Young children were at greater risk of sustaining minimal head injuries than older ones. Boys were at greater risk than girls were. In rural areas, incidence of recorded minimal head injuries was low. Conclusions: Use of nationwide estimate of the incidence of pediatric head injury shows important differences between urban and rural areas as well as between different age groups.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherDove Medical Pressen
dc.relation.urlhttp://dovepress.com/articles.php?content_id=1984en
dc.subject.meshIncidenceen
dc.subject.meshPediatricsen
dc.subject.meshCraniocerebral Traumaen
dc.titleUrban–rural differences in pediatric traumatic head injuries: A prospective nationwide studyen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.eissn1178-2021-
dc.contributor.departmentPsychological Health Services, Landspitali University Hospital, Grensas IS-108 Reykjavik, Icelanden
dc.identifier.journalNeuropsychiatric disease and treatmenten
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