Custodial interrogation, false confession and individual differences: A national study among Icelandic youth

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2336/21792
Title:
Custodial interrogation, false confession and individual differences: A national study among Icelandic youth
Authors:
Gudjonsson, GH; Sigurdsson, JF; Asgeirsdottir, BB; Sigfusdottir, ID
Citation:
Personality and individual differences 2006, 41(1):49-59
Issue Date:
1-Jul-2006
Abstract:
The main aims of the study were twofold. Firstly, to ascertain a national base rate of custodial interrogation, confession, denial and false confession among Icelandic youth (age group 16-24 years), and secondly, to investigate psychological and criminological factors associated with false confession. The participants were 10,472 students in further education in Iceland. All colleges of secondary education in Iceland were represented. As a part of a large national study into the background, behaviour, and mental health of adolescents, each pupil was asked about custodial interrogation, confessions, denials, and false confessions. Almost one-fourth (18.6%) of the participants stated, that they had been interrogated by the police in relation to a suspected offence, of whom 53% said they had confessed truthfully. A small minority of those interrogated (7.3% of those interrogated and 1.6% of the total sample) claimed to have made false confessions to the police. The false confession rate was highest (12%) among those interrogated more than once and lowest (3%) among those interrogated only once. A Discriminant Function Analysis found that false confessions during interrogation were mostly associated with the extent of involvement in delinquent activities, the involvement of friends in delinquency, and depression
Description:
To access publisher full text version of this article. Please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links field
Additional Links:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V9F-4JFHDRK-1/2/af59545fb10748475a60c3196bbba3ee

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorGudjonsson, GH-
dc.contributor.authorSigurdsson, JF-
dc.contributor.authorAsgeirsdottir, BB-
dc.contributor.authorSigfusdottir, ID-
dc.date.accessioned2008-03-28T09:29:24Z-
dc.date.available2008-03-28T09:29:24Z-
dc.date.issued2006-07-01-
dc.date.submitted2008-03-28-
dc.identifier.citationPersonality and individual differences 2006, 41(1):49-59en
dc.identifier.issn0191-8869-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.paid.2005.12.012-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/21792-
dc.descriptionTo access publisher full text version of this article. Please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links fielden
dc.description.abstractThe main aims of the study were twofold. Firstly, to ascertain a national base rate of custodial interrogation, confession, denial and false confession among Icelandic youth (age group 16-24 years), and secondly, to investigate psychological and criminological factors associated with false confession. The participants were 10,472 students in further education in Iceland. All colleges of secondary education in Iceland were represented. As a part of a large national study into the background, behaviour, and mental health of adolescents, each pupil was asked about custodial interrogation, confessions, denials, and false confessions. Almost one-fourth (18.6%) of the participants stated, that they had been interrogated by the police in relation to a suspected offence, of whom 53% said they had confessed truthfully. A small minority of those interrogated (7.3% of those interrogated and 1.6% of the total sample) claimed to have made false confessions to the police. The false confession rate was highest (12%) among those interrogated more than once and lowest (3%) among those interrogated only once. A Discriminant Function Analysis found that false confessions during interrogation were mostly associated with the extent of involvement in delinquent activities, the involvement of friends in delinquency, and depressionen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherPergamon Pressen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V9F-4JFHDRK-1/2/af59545fb10748475a60c3196bbba3eeen
dc.subject.meshPsychologyen
dc.subject.meshMental Healthen
dc.subject.meshJuvenile Delinquencyen
dc.titleCustodial interrogation, false confession and individual differences: A national study among Icelandic youthen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalPersonality and individual differencesen
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