2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2336/2822
Title:
Fast and simple screening for nutritional status in hospitalized, elderly people
Authors:
Thorsdottir, I; Jonsson, P V; Asgeirsdottir, A E; Hjaltadottir, I; Bjornsson, S; Ramel, A
Citation:
J Hum Nutr Diet 2005, 18(1):53-60
Issue Date:
1-Feb-2005
Abstract:
BACKGROUND: Undernutrition has been frequently reported among hospitalized elderly patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the mini nutrition assessment (MNA) and a screening sheet for malnutrition (SSM) by full nutritional assessment (FNA) in elderly people, and to construct a shorter screening method by combining important questions from MNA and SSM. Having a screening tool as fast and simple as possible could increase its use in clinical routines. METHODS: FNA, MNA and SSM were carried out on 60 hospitalized patients (>65 years). Sensitivity and specificity for MNA and SSM were calculated in comparison with FNA. In order to construct a short and simple screening tool, questions from the two screening tools, which differed significantly between mal- and well-nourished patients, were used in a multivariate, stepwise linear regression. The regression model was simplified to be suitable in clinical routines. RESULTS: Malnourishment was diagnosed by FNA in 58.3% of the elderly patients, with no gender difference. Body mass index, unintended weight loss, recent surgery and loss of appetite were predictors of malnutrition in the regression model (R(2) = 60.1%). The sensitivity and specificity of the simplified regression model were 89 and 88%, respectively, which was more precise than MNA (77 and 36%) and SSM (89 and 60%). CONCLUSION: According to FNA, malnutrition is frequent in elderly hospitalized patients. Four questions are sufficient to conduct precise nutritional screening for malnutrition in elderly hospitalized patients. This new screening tool should be verified in other samples.
Description:
To access publisher full text version of this article. Please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links field
Additional Links:
http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1365-277X.2004.00580.x

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorThorsdottir, I-
dc.contributor.authorJonsson, P V-
dc.contributor.authorAsgeirsdottir, A E-
dc.contributor.authorHjaltadottir, I-
dc.contributor.authorBjornsson, S-
dc.contributor.authorRamel, A-
dc.date.accessioned2006-05-18T11:11:08Z-
dc.date.available2006-05-18T11:11:08Z-
dc.date.issued2005-02-01-
dc.identifier.citationJ Hum Nutr Diet 2005, 18(1):53-60en
dc.identifier.issn0952-3871-
dc.identifier.pmid15647099-
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/j.1365-277X.2004.00580.x-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/2822-
dc.descriptionTo access publisher full text version of this article. Please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links fielden
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Undernutrition has been frequently reported among hospitalized elderly patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the mini nutrition assessment (MNA) and a screening sheet for malnutrition (SSM) by full nutritional assessment (FNA) in elderly people, and to construct a shorter screening method by combining important questions from MNA and SSM. Having a screening tool as fast and simple as possible could increase its use in clinical routines. METHODS: FNA, MNA and SSM were carried out on 60 hospitalized patients (>65 years). Sensitivity and specificity for MNA and SSM were calculated in comparison with FNA. In order to construct a short and simple screening tool, questions from the two screening tools, which differed significantly between mal- and well-nourished patients, were used in a multivariate, stepwise linear regression. The regression model was simplified to be suitable in clinical routines. RESULTS: Malnourishment was diagnosed by FNA in 58.3% of the elderly patients, with no gender difference. Body mass index, unintended weight loss, recent surgery and loss of appetite were predictors of malnutrition in the regression model (R(2) = 60.1%). The sensitivity and specificity of the simplified regression model were 89 and 88%, respectively, which was more precise than MNA (77 and 36%) and SSM (89 and 60%). CONCLUSION: According to FNA, malnutrition is frequent in elderly hospitalized patients. Four questions are sufficient to conduct precise nutritional screening for malnutrition in elderly hospitalized patients. This new screening tool should be verified in other samples.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/full/10.1111/j.1365-277X.2004.00580.xen
dc.subjectNutrition Assessmenten
dc.subjectAgeden
dc.subjectGeriatric Assessmenten
dc.subjectHealth Status Indicatorsen
dc.subjectMass Screeningen
dc.subjectNutrition Disordersen
dc.subjectNutritional Statusen
dc.subjectRegression Analysisen
dc.subjectRisk Assessmenten
dc.subjectSensitivity and Specificityen
dc.subjectTime Factorsen
dc.titleFast and simple screening for nutritional status in hospitalized, elderly peopleen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalJournal of human nutrition and dietetics : the official journal of the British Dietetic Associationen
dc.format.digYES-

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