2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2336/2831
Title:
High incidence of kidney stones in Icelandic children.
Authors:
Edvardsson, Vidar; Elidottir, Helga; Indridason, Olafur S; Palsson, Runolfur
Citation:
Pediatr. Nephrol. 2005, 20(7):940-4
Issue Date:
1-Jul-2005
Abstract:
All children less than 18 years of age who were diagnosed with a first episode of kidney stones at pediatric referral centers in Iceland during the years 1995-2000 were studied retrospectively. The diagnosis was based on clinical features and results of imaging studies. Patients were invited for evaluation at the end of the study period. Twenty-six patients (15 females, 11 males), median age 9.4 (range 0.2-14.9) years, experienced 34 episodes of kidney stones. The annual incidence was 5.6 and 6.3 per 100,000 children less than 18 and 16 years of age, respectively. Abdominal pain was the most common symptom (N=17; 69%) and urinalysis revealed hematuria in 21 patients (80.8%), sterile pyuria in 17 (65%), and 2,8-dihydroxyadeninuria in two. Six patients (23%) had positive urine cultures at the time of diagnosis and five (20%) had urinary tract anomalies. Family history of kidney stones was positive in one third of patients. Metabolic risk factors for stone formation were identified in 22 of 23 patients (96%) who underwent evaluation. Hypercalciuria, the most common metabolic risk factor, was identified in 18 patients (78%). Stones passed spontaneously in nine patients (35%) and six patients had recurrent stone episodes. The incidence of kidney stones in Icelandic children is high compared with other Western populations, affecting females more than males. Underlying metabolic risk factors were identified in most patients.
Description:
To access publisher full text version of this article. Please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links field
Additional Links:
http://www.springerlink.com/content/gk73182xl2175717

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorEdvardsson, Vidar-
dc.contributor.authorElidottir, Helga-
dc.contributor.authorIndridason, Olafur S-
dc.contributor.authorPalsson, Runolfur-
dc.date.accessioned2006-05-18T11:50:19Z-
dc.date.available2006-05-18T11:50:19Z-
dc.date.issued2005-07-01-
dc.identifier.citationPediatr. Nephrol. 2005, 20(7):940-4en
dc.identifier.issn0931-041X-
dc.identifier.pmid15912382-
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s00467-005-1861-5-
dc.identifier.otherPED12en
dc.identifier.otherPSY12en
dc.identifier.otherEND12en
dc.identifier.otherNEP12en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/2831-
dc.descriptionTo access publisher full text version of this article. Please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links fielden
dc.description.abstractAll children less than 18 years of age who were diagnosed with a first episode of kidney stones at pediatric referral centers in Iceland during the years 1995-2000 were studied retrospectively. The diagnosis was based on clinical features and results of imaging studies. Patients were invited for evaluation at the end of the study period. Twenty-six patients (15 females, 11 males), median age 9.4 (range 0.2-14.9) years, experienced 34 episodes of kidney stones. The annual incidence was 5.6 and 6.3 per 100,000 children less than 18 and 16 years of age, respectively. Abdominal pain was the most common symptom (N=17; 69%) and urinalysis revealed hematuria in 21 patients (80.8%), sterile pyuria in 17 (65%), and 2,8-dihydroxyadeninuria in two. Six patients (23%) had positive urine cultures at the time of diagnosis and five (20%) had urinary tract anomalies. Family history of kidney stones was positive in one third of patients. Metabolic risk factors for stone formation were identified in 22 of 23 patients (96%) who underwent evaluation. Hypercalciuria, the most common metabolic risk factor, was identified in 18 patients (78%). Stones passed spontaneously in nine patients (35%) and six patients had recurrent stone episodes. The incidence of kidney stones in Icelandic children is high compared with other Western populations, affecting females more than males. Underlying metabolic risk factors were identified in most patients.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherSpringeren
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.springerlink.com/content/gk73182xl2175717en
dc.subjectAbdominal Painen
dc.subjectBacterial Infectionsen
dc.subjectCalciumen
dc.subjectChilden
dc.subjectChild, Preschoolen
dc.subjectHematuriaen
dc.subjectIncidenceen
dc.subjectInfanten
dc.subjectKidney Calculien
dc.subjectLithotripsyen
dc.subjectPyuriaen
dc.subjectRetrospective Studiesen
dc.subjectRisk Factorsen
dc.subjectUrinary Tracten
dc.titleHigh incidence of kidney stones in Icelandic children.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.format.digYES-

Related articles on PubMed

All Items in Hirsla are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.