Standard and low-dose IGF-I generation tests and spontaneous growth hormone secretion in children with idiopathic short stature.

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2336/3421
Title:
Standard and low-dose IGF-I generation tests and spontaneous growth hormone secretion in children with idiopathic short stature.
Authors:
Blair, J C; Camacho-Hübner, C; Miraki Moud, F; Rosberg, S; Burren, C; Lim, S; Clayton, P E; Bjarnason, R; Albertsson-Wikland, K; Savage, M O
Citation:
Clin. Endocrinol. (Oxf) 2004, 60(2):163-8; discussion 161-2
Issue Date:
2004
Abstract:
OBJECTIVE: Abnormalities in the GH-IGF-I axis, consistent with GH insensitivity (GHI), have been reported in some patients with idiopathic short stature (ISS). The standard IGF-I generation test (IGFGT) has not demonstrated mild GHI in subjects with ISS. The aim of this study was to investigate the GH-IGF-I axis in ISS by performing standard and novel low-dose IGFGTs together with determination of spontaneous GH secretion. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-one (17 male) prepubertal children with ISS, mean age 8.3 years (4.5-12.2), mean height -3.48 SD (-5.40 to -1.79), mean peak GH to provocation with glucagon/clonidine 32.3 mU/l (14.1-66.0) were studied. Serum IGF-I and IGFBP-3 levels were measured during standard (GH 0.033 mg/kg/day x 4) and low (GH 0.011 mg/kg/day x 4) dose IGFGTs at 0, 12, 36 and 84 h. The low-dose IGFGT was performed in seven naive GH-deficient patients (4 male), mean age 8.5 years (range 4.1-11.1). Determination of spontaneous 24-h GH secretion was performed in the 21 ISS patients. RESULTS: Basal IGF-I and IGFBP-3 standard deviation scores (SDS) in ISS patients were -1.39 (-2.4-1.16) and -0.45 (-1.13-0.38), respectively, IGF-I being lower than IGFBP-3 (P < 0.0001). IGF-I increased in the standard IGFGT at 12 h (P < 0.005), 36 h (P < 0.001) and 84 h (P < 0.001); maximal increment 1.54 (-0.32-3.48), and in the low-dose test at 12 h (P < 0.005), 36 h (P < 0.001) and 84 h (P < 0.005); maximal increment 0.53 (0.08 to -1.23). IGFBP-3 SDS increased in the standard IGFGT at 36 h (P < 0.01) and 84 h (P < 0.001); maximal increment 0.72 (-0.44-1.96), and in the low-dose test at 84 h (P < 0.005); maximal increment 0.33 (-0.08-0.87). Five/19 patients with an IGF-I response > 2 x coefficient of variation (CV) of assay in the standard test failed to respond in the low-dose test, suggestive of mild GHI. In GH-deficient patients, IGF-I increased at each time point (P < 0.05) and IGFBP-3 at 36 h (P < 0.05). Mean GH secretion, expressed in SDS, compared with 66 normal stature controls was: basal GH -0.48 (-0.84-0.93), height of GH peaks compared with zero -0.36 (-1.26-1.51) (both P < 0.05), total GH secretion -0.76 (-1.22-0.42), total GH secretion above baseline -0.67 (-1.21-0.94) (both P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: In children with ISS, basal IGF-I and IGFBP-3 SDS values were below the mean, IGF-I showing a greater response in both IGFGTs. In the standard IGFGT, the IGF-I increase at 36 h was equal to that at 84 h. The low-dose IGFGT, in combination with the standard test, may identify patients with mild GHI.
Additional Links:
http://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1046/j.1365-2265.2004.01957.x

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorBlair, J C-
dc.contributor.authorCamacho-Hübner, C-
dc.contributor.authorMiraki Moud, F-
dc.contributor.authorRosberg, S-
dc.contributor.authorBurren, C-
dc.contributor.authorLim, S-
dc.contributor.authorClayton, P E-
dc.contributor.authorBjarnason, R-
dc.contributor.authorAlbertsson-Wikland, K-
dc.contributor.authorSavage, M O-
dc.date.accessioned2006-07-12T12:07:02Z-
dc.date.available2006-07-12T12:07:02Z-
dc.date.issued2004-
dc.identifier.citationClin. Endocrinol. (Oxf) 2004, 60(2):163-8; discussion 161-2en
dc.identifier.issn0300-0664-
dc.identifier.pmid14725676-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/3421-
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVE: Abnormalities in the GH-IGF-I axis, consistent with GH insensitivity (GHI), have been reported in some patients with idiopathic short stature (ISS). The standard IGF-I generation test (IGFGT) has not demonstrated mild GHI in subjects with ISS. The aim of this study was to investigate the GH-IGF-I axis in ISS by performing standard and novel low-dose IGFGTs together with determination of spontaneous GH secretion. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-one (17 male) prepubertal children with ISS, mean age 8.3 years (4.5-12.2), mean height -3.48 SD (-5.40 to -1.79), mean peak GH to provocation with glucagon/clonidine 32.3 mU/l (14.1-66.0) were studied. Serum IGF-I and IGFBP-3 levels were measured during standard (GH 0.033 mg/kg/day x 4) and low (GH 0.011 mg/kg/day x 4) dose IGFGTs at 0, 12, 36 and 84 h. The low-dose IGFGT was performed in seven naive GH-deficient patients (4 male), mean age 8.5 years (range 4.1-11.1). Determination of spontaneous 24-h GH secretion was performed in the 21 ISS patients. RESULTS: Basal IGF-I and IGFBP-3 standard deviation scores (SDS) in ISS patients were -1.39 (-2.4-1.16) and -0.45 (-1.13-0.38), respectively, IGF-I being lower than IGFBP-3 (P < 0.0001). IGF-I increased in the standard IGFGT at 12 h (P < 0.005), 36 h (P < 0.001) and 84 h (P < 0.001); maximal increment 1.54 (-0.32-3.48), and in the low-dose test at 12 h (P < 0.005), 36 h (P < 0.001) and 84 h (P < 0.005); maximal increment 0.53 (0.08 to -1.23). IGFBP-3 SDS increased in the standard IGFGT at 36 h (P < 0.01) and 84 h (P < 0.001); maximal increment 0.72 (-0.44-1.96), and in the low-dose test at 84 h (P < 0.005); maximal increment 0.33 (-0.08-0.87). Five/19 patients with an IGF-I response > 2 x coefficient of variation (CV) of assay in the standard test failed to respond in the low-dose test, suggestive of mild GHI. In GH-deficient patients, IGF-I increased at each time point (P < 0.05) and IGFBP-3 at 36 h (P < 0.05). Mean GH secretion, expressed in SDS, compared with 66 normal stature controls was: basal GH -0.48 (-0.84-0.93), height of GH peaks compared with zero -0.36 (-1.26-1.51) (both P < 0.05), total GH secretion -0.76 (-1.22-0.42), total GH secretion above baseline -0.67 (-1.21-0.94) (both P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: In children with ISS, basal IGF-I and IGFBP-3 SDS values were below the mean, IGF-I showing a greater response in both IGFGTs. In the standard IGFGT, the IGF-I increase at 36 h was equal to that at 84 h. The low-dose IGFGT, in combination with the standard test, may identify patients with mild GHI.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherBlackwellen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1046/j.1365-2265.2004.01957.xen
dc.subjectCase-Control Studiesen
dc.subjectChilden
dc.subjectChild, Preschoolen
dc.subjectFemaleen
dc.subjectGrowth Disordersen
dc.subjectGrowth Hormoneen
dc.subjectHumansen
dc.subjectInsulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3en
dc.subjectInsulin-Like Growth Factor Ien
dc.subjectMaleen
dc.subjectResearch Support, Non-U.S. Gov'ten
dc.subjectStatistics, Nonparametricen
dc.titleStandard and low-dose IGF-I generation tests and spontaneous growth hormone secretion in children with idiopathic short stature.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.format.digYES-
All Items in Hirsla are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.