2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2336/3915
Title:
Ungmenni sem leituðu athvarfs í Rauðakrosshúsinu 1996-2000
Other Titles:
Operation of an emergency shelter in the Red Cross House (RCH) for runaway, throwaway and homeless adolescents in Iceland during the period 1996-2000
Authors:
Haukur Hauksson; Eiríkur Örn Arnarson
Citation:
Læknablaðið 2003, 89(6):507-12
Issue Date:
1-Jun-2003
Abstract:
Objective: To explore the relationship between running away from home with doing poorly at school, the use of alcohol and drugs, family structure, etc. Material and methods: Analysis of data collected among adolescents who sought help at the RCH, the period 1996-2000 was compared to a prior report on RCH guests for the period 1985-1995. Admission records of the RCH were used for collecting data for subsequent analysis and the guests were grouped into runaways, throwaways and homeless adolescents. Runaways came off the street or left home on their own accord. Throwaways had been asked to leave home. The homeless had nowhere to stay, did not live with parents/ guardians, presented following alcohol/drug treatment or were escorted by the police. Results: Compared with the operation of RCH during 1985-1995, there was about 32% increase of registered visits, mostly runaway boys and throwaways of both sexes. Fewer adolescents were homeless than in 1985-1995. About one third of runaways/throwaways and more than 70% of homeless were neither working nor at school when presenting at the RCH. Use of tobacco, alcohol/ drugs was common among guests. The most frequent reasons for the homeless seeking assistance was alcohol/ drug abuse but for runaways/throwaways having nowhere to stay and conflicts within their family. Runaway/throwaway boys were more likely than girls to be school dropouts, abuse alcohol/drugs and be out of work. Frequent visitors were worse off than first time visitors. Conclusions: The plight of homeless adolescents seemed more serious than that of runaways and throwaways. The RCH aims to keep adolescents off the streets and to prevent runaways or throwaways to become homeless who are more likely to be out of work, commit crimes and abuse alcohol/drugs. The increase of visits by adolescents registered as runaways or throwaways to the RCH, and the decrease of visits by those registered as homeless might suggest that frequency of severe relational problems between parents and their child is on the increase in Icelandic homes.; Tilgangur: Að kanna tengsl brotthlaups unglinga að heiman við slakan árangur í skóla, neyslu áfengis og annarra vímuefna, fjölskyldugerð og fleira. Efniviður og aðferðir: Unnið var úr upplýsingum um skjólstæðinga Rauðakrosshússins árin 1996-2000 og niðurstöður bornar saman við rannsókn á starfsemi athvarfsins fyrir tímabilið 1985-1995. Skráningarblað athvarfs hússins var notað við gagnaöflun og ungmennum raðað í heimanfarna, heimanrekna og heimilislausa. Ungmenni sem fóru að heiman af eigin hvötum og þau sem komu af götunni en nefndu aðra ástæðu en húsnæðisleysi fyrir komu sinni, röðuðust í hóp heimanfarinna. Ungmenni sem hafði verið vísað að heiman eða af stofnun töldust heimanrekin. Heimilislaus flokkuðust ungmenni sem komu af götunni og nefndu húsnæðisleysi sem ástæðu komu og ungmenni sem bjuggu ekki hjá forráðamönnum en komu úr leiguhúsnæði, í fylgd lögreglu eða eftir áfengis/ vímuefnameðferð. Niðurstöður: Komur voru um 32% fleiri en árin 1985-1995. Mest var aukning heimanfarinna pilta og heimanrekinna af báðum kynjum. Færri ungmenni töldust heimilislaus en árin 1985-1995. Þriðjungur heimanfarinna/rekinna var iðjulaus, en yfir 70% heimilislausra. Tóbaks-, áfengis- og fíkniefnaneysla var útbreidd. Húsnæðisleysi og vímuefnavandi voru algengustu ástæður komu heimilislausra, en samskiptaörðugleikar á heimili í hinum hópunum. Heimanfarnir/reknir piltar höfðu frekar flosnað frá námi, voru í neysluvanda og oftar iðjulausir en stúlkur. Endurkvæmir stóðu verr að vígi en frumkvæmir. Ályktanir: Vandi heimilislausra virðist meiri en heimanfarinna/rekinna. Tilvist neyðarathvarfs Rauðakrosshússins virðist sporna við því að heimanfarnir/reknir gangi svo langt að falla í hóp heimilislausra ungmenna sem virðast frekar vera iðjulaus, stunda afbrot og í neysluvanda. Sú aukning sem virðist hafa orðið í hópi heimanfarinna og heimanrekinna unglinga sýnir að samskiptavandamál leiða nú frekar en áður til brotthlaups unglings eða brottvísunar af heimili.
Description:
Neðst á síðunni er hægt að nálgast greinina í heild sinni með því að smella á hlekkinn View/Open
Additional Links:
http://www.laeknabladid.is

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorHaukur Hauksson-
dc.contributor.authorEiríkur Örn Arnarson-
dc.date.accessioned2006-08-17T09:41:35Z-
dc.date.available2006-08-17T09:41:35Z-
dc.date.issued2003-06-01-
dc.identifier.citationLæknablaðið 2003, 89(6):507-12en
dc.identifier.issn0023-7213-
dc.identifier.pmid16940597en
dc.identifier.otherPSC12en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/3915-
dc.descriptionNeðst á síðunni er hægt að nálgast greinina í heild sinni með því að smella á hlekkinn View/Openis
dc.description.abstractObjective: To explore the relationship between running away from home with doing poorly at school, the use of alcohol and drugs, family structure, etc. Material and methods: Analysis of data collected among adolescents who sought help at the RCH, the period 1996-2000 was compared to a prior report on RCH guests for the period 1985-1995. Admission records of the RCH were used for collecting data for subsequent analysis and the guests were grouped into runaways, throwaways and homeless adolescents. Runaways came off the street or left home on their own accord. Throwaways had been asked to leave home. The homeless had nowhere to stay, did not live with parents/ guardians, presented following alcohol/drug treatment or were escorted by the police. Results: Compared with the operation of RCH during 1985-1995, there was about 32% increase of registered visits, mostly runaway boys and throwaways of both sexes. Fewer adolescents were homeless than in 1985-1995. About one third of runaways/throwaways and more than 70% of homeless were neither working nor at school when presenting at the RCH. Use of tobacco, alcohol/ drugs was common among guests. The most frequent reasons for the homeless seeking assistance was alcohol/ drug abuse but for runaways/throwaways having nowhere to stay and conflicts within their family. Runaway/throwaway boys were more likely than girls to be school dropouts, abuse alcohol/drugs and be out of work. Frequent visitors were worse off than first time visitors. Conclusions: The plight of homeless adolescents seemed more serious than that of runaways and throwaways. The RCH aims to keep adolescents off the streets and to prevent runaways or throwaways to become homeless who are more likely to be out of work, commit crimes and abuse alcohol/drugs. The increase of visits by adolescents registered as runaways or throwaways to the RCH, and the decrease of visits by those registered as homeless might suggest that frequency of severe relational problems between parents and their child is on the increase in Icelandic homes.en
dc.description.abstractTilgangur: Að kanna tengsl brotthlaups unglinga að heiman við slakan árangur í skóla, neyslu áfengis og annarra vímuefna, fjölskyldugerð og fleira. Efniviður og aðferðir: Unnið var úr upplýsingum um skjólstæðinga Rauðakrosshússins árin 1996-2000 og niðurstöður bornar saman við rannsókn á starfsemi athvarfsins fyrir tímabilið 1985-1995. Skráningarblað athvarfs hússins var notað við gagnaöflun og ungmennum raðað í heimanfarna, heimanrekna og heimilislausa. Ungmenni sem fóru að heiman af eigin hvötum og þau sem komu af götunni en nefndu aðra ástæðu en húsnæðisleysi fyrir komu sinni, röðuðust í hóp heimanfarinna. Ungmenni sem hafði verið vísað að heiman eða af stofnun töldust heimanrekin. Heimilislaus flokkuðust ungmenni sem komu af götunni og nefndu húsnæðisleysi sem ástæðu komu og ungmenni sem bjuggu ekki hjá forráðamönnum en komu úr leiguhúsnæði, í fylgd lögreglu eða eftir áfengis/ vímuefnameðferð. Niðurstöður: Komur voru um 32% fleiri en árin 1985-1995. Mest var aukning heimanfarinna pilta og heimanrekinna af báðum kynjum. Færri ungmenni töldust heimilislaus en árin 1985-1995. Þriðjungur heimanfarinna/rekinna var iðjulaus, en yfir 70% heimilislausra. Tóbaks-, áfengis- og fíkniefnaneysla var útbreidd. Húsnæðisleysi og vímuefnavandi voru algengustu ástæður komu heimilislausra, en samskiptaörðugleikar á heimili í hinum hópunum. Heimanfarnir/reknir piltar höfðu frekar flosnað frá námi, voru í neysluvanda og oftar iðjulausir en stúlkur. Endurkvæmir stóðu verr að vígi en frumkvæmir. Ályktanir: Vandi heimilislausra virðist meiri en heimanfarinna/rekinna. Tilvist neyðarathvarfs Rauðakrosshússins virðist sporna við því að heimanfarnir/reknir gangi svo langt að falla í hóp heimilislausra ungmenna sem virðast frekar vera iðjulaus, stunda afbrot og í neysluvanda. Sú aukning sem virðist hafa orðið í hópi heimanfarinna og heimanrekinna unglinga sýnir að samskiptavandamál leiða nú frekar en áður til brotthlaups unglings eða brottvísunar af heimili.is
dc.language.isoisen
dc.publisherLæknafélag Íslands, Læknafélag Reykjavíkuren
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.laeknabladid.isen
dc.subjectÁfengien
dc.subjectÁfengisneyslaen
dc.subjectFíkniefnaneyslaen
dc.subjectUnglingaren
dc.subjectUnglingavandamálen
dc.subjectRauðakrosshúsiðen
dc.subject.classificationLBL12en
dc.subject.classificationFræðigreinaren
dc.subject.meshPsychologyen
dc.subject.meshAdolescent Behavioren
dc.subject.meshStreet Drugsen
dc.subject.meshAdolescent Behavioren
dc.subject.meshHomeless Youthen
dc.subject.meshAdolescenten
dc.titleUngmenni sem leituðu athvarfs í Rauðakrosshúsinu 1996-2000en
dc.title.alternativeOperation of an emergency shelter in the Red Cross House (RCH) for runaway, throwaway and homeless adolescents in Iceland during the period 1996-2000en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalLæknablaðiðis
dc.format.digYES-
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