Mortality from cancer and other causes among airline cabin attendants in Europe: a collaborative cohort study in eight countries

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2336/4597
Title:
Mortality from cancer and other causes among airline cabin attendants in Europe: a collaborative cohort study in eight countries
Authors:
Zeeb, Hajo; Blettner, Maria; Langner, Ingo; Hammer, Gaël P; Ballard, Terri J; Santaquilani, Mariano; Gundestrup, Maryanne; Storm, Hans; Haldorsen, Tor; Tveten, Ulf; Hammar, Niklas; Linnersjö, Annette; Velonakis, Emmanouel; Tzonou, Anastasia; Auvinen, Anssi; Pukkala, Eero; Rafnsson, Vilhjalmur; Hrafnkelsson, Jón
Citation:
Am. J. Epidemiol. 2003, 158(1):35-46
Issue Date:
1-Jul-2003
Abstract:
There is concern about the health effects of exposure to cosmic radiation during air travel. To study the potential health effects of this and occupational exposures, the authors investigated mortality patterns among more than 44,000 airline cabin crew members in Europe. A cohort study was performed in eight European countries, yielding approximately 655,000 person-years of follow-up. Observed numbers of deaths were compared with expected numbers based on national mortality rates. Among female cabin crew, overall mortality (standardized mortality ratio (SMR) = 0.80, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.73, 0.88) and all-cancer mortality (SMR = 0.78, 95% CI: 0.66, 0.95) were slightly reduced, while breast cancer mortality was slightly but nonsignificantly increased (SMR = 1.11, 95% CI: 0.82, 1.48). In contrast, overall mortality (SMR = 1.09, 95% CI: 1.00, 1.18) and mortality from skin cancer (for malignant melanoma, SMR = 1.93, 95% CI: 0.70, 4.44) among male cabin crew were somewhat increased. The authors noted excess mortality from aircraft accidents and from acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in males. Among airline cabin crew in Europe, there was no increase in mortality that could be attributed to cosmic radiation or other occupational exposures to any substantial extent. The risk of skin cancer among male crew members requires further attention.
Additional Links:
http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/158/1/35

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorZeeb, Hajo-
dc.contributor.authorBlettner, Maria-
dc.contributor.authorLangner, Ingo-
dc.contributor.authorHammer, Gaël P-
dc.contributor.authorBallard, Terri J-
dc.contributor.authorSantaquilani, Mariano-
dc.contributor.authorGundestrup, Maryanne-
dc.contributor.authorStorm, Hans-
dc.contributor.authorHaldorsen, Tor-
dc.contributor.authorTveten, Ulf-
dc.contributor.authorHammar, Niklas-
dc.contributor.authorLinnersjö, Annette-
dc.contributor.authorVelonakis, Emmanouel-
dc.contributor.authorTzonou, Anastasia-
dc.contributor.authorAuvinen, Anssi-
dc.contributor.authorPukkala, Eero-
dc.contributor.authorRafnsson, Vilhjalmur-
dc.contributor.authorHrafnkelsson, Jón-
dc.date.accessioned2006-09-25T13:06:42Z-
dc.date.available2006-09-25T13:06:42Z-
dc.date.issued2003-07-01-
dc.identifier.citationAm. J. Epidemiol. 2003, 158(1):35-46en
dc.identifier.issn0002-9262-
dc.identifier.pmid12835285-
dc.identifier.otherMAO12-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/4597-
dc.description.abstractThere is concern about the health effects of exposure to cosmic radiation during air travel. To study the potential health effects of this and occupational exposures, the authors investigated mortality patterns among more than 44,000 airline cabin crew members in Europe. A cohort study was performed in eight European countries, yielding approximately 655,000 person-years of follow-up. Observed numbers of deaths were compared with expected numbers based on national mortality rates. Among female cabin crew, overall mortality (standardized mortality ratio (SMR) = 0.80, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.73, 0.88) and all-cancer mortality (SMR = 0.78, 95% CI: 0.66, 0.95) were slightly reduced, while breast cancer mortality was slightly but nonsignificantly increased (SMR = 1.11, 95% CI: 0.82, 1.48). In contrast, overall mortality (SMR = 1.09, 95% CI: 1.00, 1.18) and mortality from skin cancer (for malignant melanoma, SMR = 1.93, 95% CI: 0.70, 4.44) among male cabin crew were somewhat increased. The authors noted excess mortality from aircraft accidents and from acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in males. Among airline cabin crew in Europe, there was no increase in mortality that could be attributed to cosmic radiation or other occupational exposures to any substantial extent. The risk of skin cancer among male crew members requires further attention.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherOxford University Pressen
dc.relation.urlhttp://aje.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/158/1/35en
dc.subject.meshAdulten
dc.subject.meshAircraften
dc.subject.meshCohort Studiesen
dc.subject.meshCosmic Radiation/en
dc.subject.meshEurope/epidemiologyen
dc.subject.meshFemaleen
dc.subject.meshHumansen
dc.subject.meshMaleen
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden
dc.subject.meshMortalityen
dc.subject.meshNeoplasmsen
dc.subject.meshOccupational Diseasesen
dc.subject.meshOccupational Exposureen
dc.subject.meshResearch Support, Non-U.S. Gov'ten
dc.titleMortality from cancer and other causes among airline cabin attendants in Europe: a collaborative cohort study in eight countriesen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.format.digYES-

Related articles on PubMed

All Items in Hirsla are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.