Inflammatory bowel disease in Iceland, 1980-89. A retrospective nationwide epidemiologic study

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2336/50073
Title:
Inflammatory bowel disease in Iceland, 1980-89. A retrospective nationwide epidemiologic study
Authors:
Bjornsson, S; Johannsson, J H; Oddsson, E
Citation:
Scand. J. Gastroenterol. 1998, 33(1):71-7
Issue Date:
1-Jan-1998
Abstract:
BACKGROUND: A previous nationwide epidemiologic study of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in Iceland in 1950-79 showed a low but steadily rising incidence. The incidence of IBD in Iceland in 1980-89 was investigated and compared with reports from neighboring countries. METHODS: Cases were retrieved by a review of all small- and large-intestinal tissue specimens with any type of inflammation submitted to the only two departments of pathology in Iceland. All small-intestinal X-ray records suggestive of Crohn's disease (CD) in the three major hospitals were also screened. All hospital and outpatient records of cases suggestive of IBD were then reviewed using accepted criteria for confirmation or exclusion. RESULTS: The mean annual incidence of ulcerative colitis (UC) was 11.7/100,000, and that of CD 3.1/100,000. The highest age-specific incidence of UC was in the group 30-39 years old and for CD in the group 60-69 years old. The most frequent involvement at diagnosis of UC was proctitis only, in 54%, and in CD colon only, in 54.7% of the patients. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows a continuing increase in the incidence of both diseases. Compared with the period 1970-79, there has been an almost twofold increase in the mean annual incidence of UC and more than a threefold increase of CD, a statistically significant increase in both instances.
Description:
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Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorBjornsson, S-
dc.contributor.authorJohannsson, J H-
dc.contributor.authorOddsson, E-
dc.date.accessioned2009-02-23T14:24:57Z-
dc.date.available2009-02-23T14:24:57Z-
dc.date.issued1998-01-01-
dc.date.submitted2009-02-23-
dc.identifier.citationScand. J. Gastroenterol. 1998, 33(1):71-7en
dc.identifier.issn0036-5521-
dc.identifier.pmid9489911-
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/00365529850166239-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/50073-
dc.descriptionTo access publisher full text version of this article. Please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links fielden
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: A previous nationwide epidemiologic study of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in Iceland in 1950-79 showed a low but steadily rising incidence. The incidence of IBD in Iceland in 1980-89 was investigated and compared with reports from neighboring countries. METHODS: Cases were retrieved by a review of all small- and large-intestinal tissue specimens with any type of inflammation submitted to the only two departments of pathology in Iceland. All small-intestinal X-ray records suggestive of Crohn's disease (CD) in the three major hospitals were also screened. All hospital and outpatient records of cases suggestive of IBD were then reviewed using accepted criteria for confirmation or exclusion. RESULTS: The mean annual incidence of ulcerative colitis (UC) was 11.7/100,000, and that of CD 3.1/100,000. The highest age-specific incidence of UC was in the group 30-39 years old and for CD in the group 60-69 years old. The most frequent involvement at diagnosis of UC was proctitis only, in 54%, and in CD colon only, in 54.7% of the patients. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows a continuing increase in the incidence of both diseases. Compared with the period 1970-79, there has been an almost twofold increase in the mean annual incidence of UC and more than a threefold increase of CD, a statistically significant increase in both instances.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherTaylor & Francisen
dc.relation.urlhttp://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=7611383&site=ehost-liveen
dc.subject.meshAdolescenten
dc.subject.meshAdulten
dc.subject.meshAge Distributionen
dc.subject.meshAgeden
dc.subject.meshAged, 80 and overen
dc.subject.meshChilden
dc.subject.meshColitis, Ulcerativeen
dc.subject.meshCrohn Diseaseen
dc.subject.meshFemaleen
dc.subject.meshHumansen
dc.subject.meshIcelanden
dc.subject.meshIncidenceen
dc.subject.meshMaleen
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden
dc.subject.meshRetrospective Studiesen
dc.subject.meshRisk Factorsen
dc.titleInflammatory bowel disease in Iceland, 1980-89. A retrospective nationwide epidemiologic studyen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.eissn1502-7708-
dc.contributor.departmentDept. of Medicine, Reykjavik Hospital, Iceland.en
dc.identifier.journalScandinavian journal of gastroenterologyen

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