Effects of seafood consumption and weight loss on fasting leptin and ghrelin concentrations in overweight and obese European young adults

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2336/52293
Title:
Effects of seafood consumption and weight loss on fasting leptin and ghrelin concentrations in overweight and obese European young adults
Authors:
Ramel, Alfons; Parra, Dolores; Martinéz, J Alfredo; Kiely, Mairead; Thorsdottir, Inga
Citation:
Eur J Nutr. 2009, 48(2):107-14
Issue Date:
1-Mar-2009
Abstract:
BACKGROUND: Energy restriction affects circulating leptin and ghrelin concentrations. THE AIM OF THIS STUDY: To investigate whether seafood consumption affects fasting leptin and ghrelin concentrations in addition to weight loss. METHODS: In this 8-week dietary intervention, subjects (324 Icelandic, Spanish and Irish subjects, 20-40 years, BMI 27.5-32.5 kg/m(2)) were randomized to energy-restricted diets (-30%) of identical macronutrient composition but different amount of seafood: control (no seafood); lean fish (150 g cod, three times per week); fatty fish (150 g salmon, three times per week); EPA&DHA [daily docosahexaenoic (DHA)/eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) capsules]. Anthropometric data, ghrelin, leptin, and insulin were measured at baseline and endpoint. Linear models investigated the effects of seafood on fasting leptin, ghrelin and insulin. RESULTS: Body weight (-5.2 +/- 3.0 kg), leptin (-34.8%) and insulin (-13.5%) decreased, while ghrelin increased (5.6%) (all P < 0.001). According to linear models endpoint insulin was significantly lower in the EPA&DHA group (-16.4%, P = 0.025) compared to control, endpoint leptin in men was lower in the salmon group (-22.9%, P = 0.026), and the EPA&DHA group tended to have higher endpoint ghrelin (5.6%, P = 0.060), an effect seen only in women indicated by a significant gender x EPA&DHA interaction. Weight loss explained the effects of fatty seafood on leptin and ghrelin, but not insulin. CONCLUSIONS: Consumption of fatty seafood can modulate fasting insulin, ghrelin and leptin during an 8-week intervention. Effects are partly gender specific and are partly explained by weight loss. Consumption of lean fish does not affect circulating hormones in comparison to control. The most consistent effect on circulating hormones is mediated by weight loss.
Description:
To access publisher full text version of this article. Please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links field
Additional Links:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-008-0769-9

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorRamel, Alfons-
dc.contributor.authorParra, Dolores-
dc.contributor.authorMartinéz, J Alfredo-
dc.contributor.authorKiely, Mairead-
dc.contributor.authorThorsdottir, Inga-
dc.date.accessioned2009-03-05T11:17:35Z-
dc.date.available2009-03-05T11:17:35Z-
dc.date.issued2009-03-01-
dc.date.submitted2009-03-05-
dc.identifier.citationEur J Nutr. 2009, 48(2):107-14en
dc.identifier.issn1436-6215-
dc.identifier.pmid19142567-
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s00394-008-0769-9-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/52293-
dc.descriptionTo access publisher full text version of this article. Please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links fielden
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Energy restriction affects circulating leptin and ghrelin concentrations. THE AIM OF THIS STUDY: To investigate whether seafood consumption affects fasting leptin and ghrelin concentrations in addition to weight loss. METHODS: In this 8-week dietary intervention, subjects (324 Icelandic, Spanish and Irish subjects, 20-40 years, BMI 27.5-32.5 kg/m(2)) were randomized to energy-restricted diets (-30%) of identical macronutrient composition but different amount of seafood: control (no seafood); lean fish (150 g cod, three times per week); fatty fish (150 g salmon, three times per week); EPA&DHA [daily docosahexaenoic (DHA)/eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) capsules]. Anthropometric data, ghrelin, leptin, and insulin were measured at baseline and endpoint. Linear models investigated the effects of seafood on fasting leptin, ghrelin and insulin. RESULTS: Body weight (-5.2 +/- 3.0 kg), leptin (-34.8%) and insulin (-13.5%) decreased, while ghrelin increased (5.6%) (all P < 0.001). According to linear models endpoint insulin was significantly lower in the EPA&DHA group (-16.4%, P = 0.025) compared to control, endpoint leptin in men was lower in the salmon group (-22.9%, P = 0.026), and the EPA&DHA group tended to have higher endpoint ghrelin (5.6%, P = 0.060), an effect seen only in women indicated by a significant gender x EPA&DHA interaction. Weight loss explained the effects of fatty seafood on leptin and ghrelin, but not insulin. CONCLUSIONS: Consumption of fatty seafood can modulate fasting insulin, ghrelin and leptin during an 8-week intervention. Effects are partly gender specific and are partly explained by weight loss. Consumption of lean fish does not affect circulating hormones in comparison to control. The most consistent effect on circulating hormones is mediated by weight loss.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherSteinkopffen
dc.relation.urlhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-008-0769-9en
dc.subject.meshSeafooden
dc.subject.meshLeptinen
dc.subject.meshObesityen
dc.titleEffects of seafood consumption and weight loss on fasting leptin and ghrelin concentrations in overweight and obese European young adultsen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentFaculty of Food Science and Nutrition, Unit for Nutrition Research, Landspitali-University Hospital, University of Iceland, 101 Reykjavik, Iceland.en
dc.identifier.journalEuropean journal of nutritionen

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