Relationship between growth and feeding in infancy and body mass index at the age of 6 years

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2336/5527
Title:
Relationship between growth and feeding in infancy and body mass index at the age of 6 years
Authors:
Gunnarsdottir, I; Thorsdottir, I
Citation:
Int. J. Obes. Relat. Metab. Disord. 2003, 27(12):1523-7
Issue Date:
1-Dec-2003
Abstract:
OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between size and growth measurements in infancy to body mass index (BMI) at 6 y. DESIGN: A longitudinal observation study on randomly chosen infants' growth and consumption in infancy. Follow-up until the age of 6 y. SUBJECTS: A total of 90 children who were born healthy and full-term. MEASUREMENTS: Weight and height were measured at maternity wards and healthcare centers in Iceland throughout infancy and at 6 y. Food records were made every month during infancy. At 2, 4, 6, 9 and 12 months, food was weighed to calculate food and nutrient intake. RESULTS: Weight gain from birth to 12 months as a ratio of birth weight was positively related to BMI at the age of 6 y in both genders (B=2.9+/-1.0, P=0.008, and B=2.0+/-0.9, P=0.032 for boys and girls, respectively). Boys in the highest quartile of protein intake (E%) at the age of 9-12 months had significantly higher BMI (17.8+/-2.4 kg/m(2)) at 6 y than the lowest (15.6+/-1.0 kg/m(2), P=0.039) and the second lowest (15.3+/-0.8 kg/m(2), P=0.01) quartile. Energy intake was not different between groups. Together, weight gain at 0-12 months and protein intake at 9-12 months explained 50% of the variance in BMI among 6-y-old boys. CONCLUSION: Rapid growth during the first year of life is associated with increased BMI at the age of 6 y in both genders. In boys, high intake of protein in infancy could also contribute to childhood obesity.
Description:
To access publisher full text version of this article. Please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links field
Additional Links:
http://www.nature.com/ijo/journal/v27/n12/full/0802438a.html

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorGunnarsdottir, I-
dc.contributor.authorThorsdottir, I-
dc.date.accessioned2006-10-23T15:23:24Z-
dc.date.available2006-10-23T15:23:24Z-
dc.date.issued2003-12-01-
dc.identifier.citationInt. J. Obes. Relat. Metab. Disord. 2003, 27(12):1523-7en
dc.identifier.issn0307-0565-
dc.identifier.pmid14634684-
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/sj.ijo.0802438-
dc.identifier.otherNUR12-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/5527-
dc.descriptionTo access publisher full text version of this article. Please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links fielden
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between size and growth measurements in infancy to body mass index (BMI) at 6 y. DESIGN: A longitudinal observation study on randomly chosen infants' growth and consumption in infancy. Follow-up until the age of 6 y. SUBJECTS: A total of 90 children who were born healthy and full-term. MEASUREMENTS: Weight and height were measured at maternity wards and healthcare centers in Iceland throughout infancy and at 6 y. Food records were made every month during infancy. At 2, 4, 6, 9 and 12 months, food was weighed to calculate food and nutrient intake. RESULTS: Weight gain from birth to 12 months as a ratio of birth weight was positively related to BMI at the age of 6 y in both genders (B=2.9+/-1.0, P=0.008, and B=2.0+/-0.9, P=0.032 for boys and girls, respectively). Boys in the highest quartile of protein intake (E%) at the age of 9-12 months had significantly higher BMI (17.8+/-2.4 kg/m(2)) at 6 y than the lowest (15.6+/-1.0 kg/m(2), P=0.039) and the second lowest (15.3+/-0.8 kg/m(2), P=0.01) quartile. Energy intake was not different between groups. Together, weight gain at 0-12 months and protein intake at 9-12 months explained 50% of the variance in BMI among 6-y-old boys. CONCLUSION: Rapid growth during the first year of life is associated with increased BMI at the age of 6 y in both genders. In boys, high intake of protein in infancy could also contribute to childhood obesity.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherNature Publishing Groupen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.nature.com/ijo/journal/v27/n12/full/0802438a.htmlen
dc.subject.meshAnalysis of Varianceen
dc.subject.meshAnthropometryen
dc.subject.meshBirth Weighten
dc.subject.meshBody Mass Indexen
dc.subject.meshDietary Proteinsen
dc.subject.meshEatingen
dc.subject.meshEnergy Intakeen
dc.subject.meshFollow-Up Studiesen
dc.subject.meshGrowthen
dc.subject.meshInfant Nutritionen
dc.subject.meshObesityen
dc.subject.meshRisk Factorsen
dc.titleRelationship between growth and feeding in infancy and body mass index at the age of 6 yearsen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.format.digYES-

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