Predictors of smoking cessation: A longitudinal study in a large cohort of smokers

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2336/620430
Title:
Predictors of smoking cessation: A longitudinal study in a large cohort of smokers
Authors:
Holm, Mathias; Schiöler, Linus; Andersson, Eva; Forsberg, Bertil; Gislason, Thorarinn; Janson, Christer; Jogi, Rain; Schlünssen, Vivi; Svanes, Cecilie; Torén, Kjell
Citation:
Predictors of smoking cessation: A longitudinal study in a large cohort of smokers 2017, 132:164 Respiratory Medicine
Issue Date:
Nov-2017
Abstract:
Background: There are few studies on predictors of smoking cessation in general populations. We studied the smoking cessation rate in relation to several potential predictors, with special focus on respiratory and cardiovascular disease. Methods: Smokers (n = 4636) from seven centres in Northern Europe, born between 1945 and 1973, who answered a questionnaire in 1999-2001 (the RHINE study) were followed up with a new questionnaire in 2010-2012. Altogether 2564 answered the questionnaire and provided complete data on smoking. Cox regression analyses were performed to calculate hazard ratios (HRs). Results: A total of 999 subjects (39%) stopped smoking during the study period. The smoking cessation rate was 44.9/1000 person-years. Smoking cessation was more common with increasing age, higher education and fewer years of smoking. Asthma, wheeze, hay fever, chronic bronchitis, diabetes and hypertension did not significantly predict smoking cessation, but smokers hospitalized for ischaemic heart disease during the study period were more prone to stopping smoking (HR 3.75 [2.62-5.37]). Conclusions: Successful smoking cessation is common in middle-aged smokers, and is associated with few smoking years and higher education. A diagnosis of respiratory disease does not appear to motivate people to quit smoking, nor do known cardiovascular risk factors; however, an acute episode of ischaemic heart disease encouraged smoking cessation in our study population.
Description:
To access publisher's full text version of this article, please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links field or click on the hyperlink at the top of the page marked Files
Additional Links:
http://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0954611117303529
Rights:
Archived with thanks to Respiratory Medicine

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorHolm, Mathiasen
dc.contributor.authorSchiöler, Linusen
dc.contributor.authorAndersson, Evaen
dc.contributor.authorForsberg, Bertilen
dc.contributor.authorGislason, Thorarinnen
dc.contributor.authorJanson, Christeren
dc.contributor.authorJogi, Rainen
dc.contributor.authorSchlünssen, Vivien
dc.contributor.authorSvanes, Cecilieen
dc.contributor.authorTorén, Kjellen
dc.date.accessioned2018-01-11T13:50:13Z-
dc.date.available2018-01-11T13:50:13Z-
dc.date.issued2017-11-
dc.date.submitted2018-
dc.identifier.citationPredictors of smoking cessation: A longitudinal study in a large cohort of smokers 2017, 132:164 Respiratory Medicineen
dc.identifier.issn09546111-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.rmed.2017.10.013-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/620430-
dc.descriptionTo access publisher's full text version of this article, please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links field or click on the hyperlink at the top of the page marked Filesen
dc.description.abstractBackground: There are few studies on predictors of smoking cessation in general populations. We studied the smoking cessation rate in relation to several potential predictors, with special focus on respiratory and cardiovascular disease. Methods: Smokers (n = 4636) from seven centres in Northern Europe, born between 1945 and 1973, who answered a questionnaire in 1999-2001 (the RHINE study) were followed up with a new questionnaire in 2010-2012. Altogether 2564 answered the questionnaire and provided complete data on smoking. Cox regression analyses were performed to calculate hazard ratios (HRs). Results: A total of 999 subjects (39%) stopped smoking during the study period. The smoking cessation rate was 44.9/1000 person-years. Smoking cessation was more common with increasing age, higher education and fewer years of smoking. Asthma, wheeze, hay fever, chronic bronchitis, diabetes and hypertension did not significantly predict smoking cessation, but smokers hospitalized for ischaemic heart disease during the study period were more prone to stopping smoking (HR 3.75 [2.62-5.37]). Conclusions: Successful smoking cessation is common in middle-aged smokers, and is associated with few smoking years and higher education. A diagnosis of respiratory disease does not appear to motivate people to quit smoking, nor do known cardiovascular risk factors; however, an acute episode of ischaemic heart disease encouraged smoking cessation in our study population.en
dc.description.sponsorshipNorwegian Research Council Bergen Medical Research Foundation Western Norwegian Regional Health Authorities Norwegian Labour Inspection Norwegian Asthma and Allergy Association Faculty of Health at Aarhus University Wood Dust Foundation Danish Lung Association Swedish Heart and Lung Foundation Vardal Foundation for Health Care Science and Allergy Research Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research Bror Hjerpstedt Foundation Swedish Asthma and Allergy Association Icelandic Research Council Estonian Science Foundationen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherW.B. Saundersen
dc.relation.urlhttp://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0954611117303529en
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Respiratory Medicineen
dc.subjectReykingaren
dc.subjectTóbaksvarniren
dc.subjectÁhugahvöten
dc.subjectPAD12en
dc.subject.meshSmoking Cessationen
dc.subject.meshMotivationen
dc.titlePredictors of smoking cessation: A longitudinal study in a large cohort of smokersen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.department[ 1 ] Sahlgrens Univ Hosp, Dept Occupat & Environm Med, Box 414, SE-40530 Gothenburg, Sweden Show more [ 2 ] Umea Univ, Div Occupat & Environm Med, Dept Publ Hlth & Clin Med, Umea, Sweden Show more [ 3 ] Univ Iceland, Med Fac, Reykjavik, Iceland Show more [ 4 ] Landspitali Univ Hosp, Dept Resp Med & Sleep, Reykjavik, Iceland Show more [ 5 ] Uppsala Univ, Dept Med Sci Resp Med & Allergol, Uppsala, Sweden [ 6 ] Tartu Univ Hosp, Lung Clin, Tartu, Estonia Show more [ 7 ] Aarhus Univ, Sect Environm Occupat & Hlth, Dept Publ Hlth, Aarhus, Denmark [ 8 ] Natl Res Ctr Working Environm, Copenhagen, Denmark Show more [ 9 ] Haukeland Hosp, Dept Occupat Med, Bergen, Norway Show more [ 10 ] Univ Bergen, Ctr Int Hlth, Bergen, Norway Show more [ 11 ] Univ Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska Acad, Inst Med, Sect Occupat & Environm Med, Gothenburg, Swedenen
dc.identifier.journalRespiratory Medicineen
dc.rights.accessOpen Access - Opinn aðganguren
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