2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2336/64517
Title:
Rannsóknir á skarðasjúklingum : yfirlitsgrein : fyrsta grein
Other Titles:
Overview and follow up study of cleft patients
Authors:
Árni Björnsson; Gunnhildur Jóhannsdóttir
Citation:
Læknablaðið 1996, 82(10):703, 705-13
Issue Date:
1-Oct-1996
Abstract:
On the average 8.2 children with different types of facial clefts are born in Iceland every year, which means approximately 1.87 per 1000 births. Until just before the middle of this century most of those children were treated by general surgeons or not at all, and a few were sent abroad. Around 1950 an orthopedic surgeon with some training in plastic surgery joined the staff at Landspitalinn (University Hospital in Reykjavik). Soon practically all children with clefts were referred to him and as the only obstetrical and gynaecological and only pediatric unit in the country were stationed there, Landspitalinn became a center for cleft treatment and has remained so. The senior author (AB) took over the treatment of clefts between 1955 and 1960 and treated about 90% of the children until 1993. The aim of the paper is to give an overview over treatment of clefts in Iceland over this period. Landspitalinn was founded in 1930. All hospital records for patients with clefts were looked into, classified and devided into three groups after the ICD system. A simple record was made for each patient with general informations and special records for those born between 1955-1984, 312 in all, for special scrutiny. In those records all known informations are to be found; kinship, mothers use of drugs in pregnancy, operations, time of operations and surgeon's name were recorded. The operations were devided into main groups and sub groups, auxiliary treatment was recorded as were all complications and diseases related to the clefts. It was also recorded if the cleft was a part of a syndrome or associated with other major congenital deformities. The informations so gained will be a basis for further studies related to evaluation of the treatment and further genetic studies.; Í greininni er sagt frá upphafi skarðameðferðar á Íslandi og drepið á skipulagningu skarðameðferðar í öðrum menningarlöndum. Þá er sagt frá skörðum á Íslandi og meðferð þeirra, ritum um skörð og skarðameðferð, faraldsfræði skarða og ættartengslum skarðasjúklinga. Skoðaðar hafa verið sjúkraskrár allra skarðasjúklinga á Landspítalanum frá upphafi, alls 433, og þær flokkaðar í þrjá flokka eftir ICD kerfinu. Gerð var sjúkraskrá með almennum upplýsingum fyrir hvern sjúkling en sérstakar sjúkraskrár til ítarlegrar skoðunar fyrir þá sem fæddir voru á árabilinu 1955-1984, alls 312. Tveir sjúklingar féllu úr, annar kom aldrei til meðferðar, hinn dó skömmu eftir fæðingu, svo heildartalan varð 310. Auk almennra upplýsinga og lýsingar á vansköpuninni voru skráð ættartengsl og allar aðgerðir með tímasetningu og nafni skurðlæknis. Aðgerðum var skipt í aðal- og undirflokka, skráð var stoðmeðferð, fylgikvillar aðgerðar og sjúkdómar tengdir skörðum, þá var skráð ef skarðið var hluti af heilkenni, en heilkenni telst hafi einstaklingur fleiri en einn meðfæddan galla. Loks er gerð grein fyrir hugmyndum um framhald rannsóknarinnar hvað varðar mat á árangri svo og framhaldi erfðarannsóknanna.
Description:
Neðst á síðunni er hægt að nálgast greinina í heild sinni með því að smella á hlekkinn View/Open
Additional Links:
http://www.laeknabladid.is

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorÁrni Björnsson-
dc.contributor.authorGunnhildur Jóhannsdóttir-
dc.date.accessioned2009-04-06T11:14:03Z-
dc.date.available2009-04-06T11:14:03Z-
dc.date.issued1996-10-01-
dc.date.submitted2009-04-06-
dc.identifier.citationLæknablaðið 1996, 82(10):703, 705-13en
dc.identifier.issn0023-7213-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/64517-
dc.descriptionNeðst á síðunni er hægt að nálgast greinina í heild sinni með því að smella á hlekkinn View/Openen
dc.description.abstractOn the average 8.2 children with different types of facial clefts are born in Iceland every year, which means approximately 1.87 per 1000 births. Until just before the middle of this century most of those children were treated by general surgeons or not at all, and a few were sent abroad. Around 1950 an orthopedic surgeon with some training in plastic surgery joined the staff at Landspitalinn (University Hospital in Reykjavik). Soon practically all children with clefts were referred to him and as the only obstetrical and gynaecological and only pediatric unit in the country were stationed there, Landspitalinn became a center for cleft treatment and has remained so. The senior author (AB) took over the treatment of clefts between 1955 and 1960 and treated about 90% of the children until 1993. The aim of the paper is to give an overview over treatment of clefts in Iceland over this period. Landspitalinn was founded in 1930. All hospital records for patients with clefts were looked into, classified and devided into three groups after the ICD system. A simple record was made for each patient with general informations and special records for those born between 1955-1984, 312 in all, for special scrutiny. In those records all known informations are to be found; kinship, mothers use of drugs in pregnancy, operations, time of operations and surgeon's name were recorded. The operations were devided into main groups and sub groups, auxiliary treatment was recorded as were all complications and diseases related to the clefts. It was also recorded if the cleft was a part of a syndrome or associated with other major congenital deformities. The informations so gained will be a basis for further studies related to evaluation of the treatment and further genetic studies.en
dc.description.abstractÍ greininni er sagt frá upphafi skarðameðferðar á Íslandi og drepið á skipulagningu skarðameðferðar í öðrum menningarlöndum. Þá er sagt frá skörðum á Íslandi og meðferð þeirra, ritum um skörð og skarðameðferð, faraldsfræði skarða og ættartengslum skarðasjúklinga. Skoðaðar hafa verið sjúkraskrár allra skarðasjúklinga á Landspítalanum frá upphafi, alls 433, og þær flokkaðar í þrjá flokka eftir ICD kerfinu. Gerð var sjúkraskrá með almennum upplýsingum fyrir hvern sjúkling en sérstakar sjúkraskrár til ítarlegrar skoðunar fyrir þá sem fæddir voru á árabilinu 1955-1984, alls 312. Tveir sjúklingar féllu úr, annar kom aldrei til meðferðar, hinn dó skömmu eftir fæðingu, svo heildartalan varð 310. Auk almennra upplýsinga og lýsingar á vansköpuninni voru skráð ættartengsl og allar aðgerðir með tímasetningu og nafni skurðlæknis. Aðgerðum var skipt í aðal- og undirflokka, skráð var stoðmeðferð, fylgikvillar aðgerðar og sjúkdómar tengdir skörðum, þá var skráð ef skarðið var hluti af heilkenni, en heilkenni telst hafi einstaklingur fleiri en einn meðfæddan galla. Loks er gerð grein fyrir hugmyndum um framhald rannsóknarinnar hvað varðar mat á árangri svo og framhaldi erfðarannsóknanna.en
dc.language.isoisen
dc.publisherLæknafélag Íslands, Læknafélag Reykjavíkuren
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.laeknabladid.isen
dc.subjectVararskarðen
dc.subjectVísindasagaen
dc.subjectÍslanden
dc.subjectErfðiren
dc.subject.meshCleft Lipen
dc.subject.meshCleft Palateen
dc.subject.meshIcelanden
dc.subject.meshHistoryen
dc.subject.meshSurgical Procedures, Operativeen
dc.subject.meshGeneticsen
dc.titleRannsóknir á skarðasjúklingum : yfirlitsgrein : fyrsta greinis
dc.title.alternativeOverview and follow up study of cleft patientsen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalLæknablaðiðen
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