Effects of sociodemographic factors on adherence to breastfeeding and other important infant dietary recommendations

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2336/6484
Title:
Effects of sociodemographic factors on adherence to breastfeeding and other important infant dietary recommendations
Authors:
Gudnadottir, Maria; Gunnarsson, Björn Sigurdur; Thorsdottir, Inga
Citation:
Acta Paediatr. 2006, 95(4):419-24
Issue Date:
1-Apr-2006
Abstract:
AIM: To examine in an affluent and healthy population the association between sociodemographic factors and the adherence to key infant dietary recommendations. METHODS: In a longitudinal prospective study, healthy newborns were selected randomly in maternity wards around Iceland and their diet recorded every month for one year (n = 124). In addition, a 48-hour-weighed-record, including information on added sugar, fruits, vegetables and the use of A and D vitamin drops was completed by 91 (73%) mothers at 9 and 12 months. Information about the mothers' education, smoking, age, parity, and family income was collected (n = 98; 79%). RESULTS: Regression analyses, including sociodemographic factors, showed exclusive breastfeeding to be positively associated with more education (P = 0.022) and non-smoking (P = 0.013) explaining 22% of the variance, and total breastfeeding (exclusive + partial) with non-smoking (P = 0.006). Multiple regression also showed children's intake of added sugar from 9-12 months to be positively associated with mother's smoking (P = 0.022) and negatively with age (P = 0.026), explaining 30% of variance. Sociodemographic factors were associated with children's fruit and vegetable consumption but not with the administration of AD-vitamin drops. However, when tested for significance between groups, younger mothers with fewer children seemed less likely to give AD-vitamin drops. CONCLUSIONS: In a group of mothers getting regular antenatal care and giving birth to healthy infants, sociodemographic factors can predict which mothers need special guidance concerning recommendations about diet in infancy. These were mothers with less education, who smoked, were younger and were having their first or second child.
Description:
To access publisher full text version of this article. Please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links field
Additional Links:
http://taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/link.asp?id=l752814070pt5130

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorGudnadottir, Maria-
dc.contributor.authorGunnarsson, Björn Sigurdur-
dc.contributor.authorThorsdottir, Inga-
dc.date.accessioned2006-12-11T13:13:29Z-
dc.date.available2006-12-11T13:13:29Z-
dc.date.issued2006-04-01-
dc.date.submitted2006-12-11-
dc.identifier.citationActa Paediatr. 2006, 95(4):419-24en
dc.identifier.issn0803-5253-
dc.identifier.pmid16720488-
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/0803520500434769-
dc.identifier.otherNUR12-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/6484-
dc.descriptionTo access publisher full text version of this article. Please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links fielden
dc.description.abstractAIM: To examine in an affluent and healthy population the association between sociodemographic factors and the adherence to key infant dietary recommendations. METHODS: In a longitudinal prospective study, healthy newborns were selected randomly in maternity wards around Iceland and their diet recorded every month for one year (n = 124). In addition, a 48-hour-weighed-record, including information on added sugar, fruits, vegetables and the use of A and D vitamin drops was completed by 91 (73%) mothers at 9 and 12 months. Information about the mothers' education, smoking, age, parity, and family income was collected (n = 98; 79%). RESULTS: Regression analyses, including sociodemographic factors, showed exclusive breastfeeding to be positively associated with more education (P = 0.022) and non-smoking (P = 0.013) explaining 22% of the variance, and total breastfeeding (exclusive + partial) with non-smoking (P = 0.006). Multiple regression also showed children's intake of added sugar from 9-12 months to be positively associated with mother's smoking (P = 0.022) and negatively with age (P = 0.026), explaining 30% of variance. Sociodemographic factors were associated with children's fruit and vegetable consumption but not with the administration of AD-vitamin drops. However, when tested for significance between groups, younger mothers with fewer children seemed less likely to give AD-vitamin drops. CONCLUSIONS: In a group of mothers getting regular antenatal care and giving birth to healthy infants, sociodemographic factors can predict which mothers need special guidance concerning recommendations about diet in infancy. These were mothers with less education, who smoked, were younger and were having their first or second child.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.urlhttp://taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/link.asp?id=l752814070pt5130en
dc.subject.meshAdulten
dc.subject.meshBreast Feedingen
dc.subject.meshDieten
dc.subject.meshFemaleen
dc.subject.meshHumansen
dc.subject.meshIcelanden
dc.subject.meshInfanten
dc.subject.meshLongitudinal Studiesen
dc.subject.meshMaternal Behavioren
dc.subject.meshParityen
dc.subject.meshPatient Complianceen
dc.subject.meshPregnancyen
dc.subject.meshPrenatal Careen
dc.subject.meshSmokingen
dc.subject.meshSocioeconomic Factorsen
dc.subject.meshTime Factorsen
dc.titleEffects of sociodemographic factors on adherence to breastfeeding and other important infant dietary recommendationsen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.format.digYES-

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