Breathing movements and breathing patterns among healthy men and women 20-69 years of age. Reference values

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2336/6579
Title:
Breathing movements and breathing patterns among healthy men and women 20-69 years of age. Reference values
Authors:
Ragnarsdottir, Maria; Kristinsdottir, Ella Kolbrun
Citation:
Respiration 2006, 73(1):48-54
Issue Date:
1-Feb-2006
Abstract:
BACKGROUND: Measurements in absolute terms of the whole respiratory movement pattern (range, type, symmetry, rhythm and frequency of breathing movements) of healthy individuals are valuable for reference, when assessing patients with conditions affecting respiration. OBJECTIVE: To establish reference data for breathing movements and patterns for healthy men and women. METHODS: Fifty men (mean age 47.8 years) and 50 women (mean age 43.4 years) aged between 20 and 69 years participated in the study. Anterior-posterior breathing movements of the upper and lower thorax and abdomen were measured bilaterally during quiet breathing and deep breathing using the respiratory movement measuring instrument. Descriptive statistics, paired-sample statistics and Kendall's correlation test were used for analysis. RESULTS: Breathing movements were symmetrical and did not change significantly with increasing age. The average breathing type for men and women was abdominal during quiet breathing. During deep breathing the abdominal movements were significantly less amongst the women than the men (p < 0.05). The average respiratory rate was 14 during quiet and 7.4 during deep breathing for both sexes. The rhythm (inspiration/expiration ratio) was 1:1.21 for men and 1:1.14 for women during quiet breathing and 1:1.23 for men and 1:1.40 for women during deep breathing. CONCLUSIONS: As men and women have similar breathing movements during quiet breathing their reference values can be combined. On the other hand, separate reference values are needed for men and women for deep breathing.
Description:
To access publisher full text version of this article. Please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links field
Additional Links:
http://content.karger.com/produktedb/produkte.asp?typ=fulltext&file=000087456

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorRagnarsdottir, Maria-
dc.contributor.authorKristinsdottir, Ella Kolbrun-
dc.date.accessioned2006-12-15T09:27:52Z-
dc.date.available2006-12-15T09:27:52Z-
dc.date.issued2006-02-01-
dc.date.submitted2006-12-15-
dc.identifier.citationRespiration 2006, 73(1):48-54en
dc.identifier.issn0025-7931-
dc.identifier.pmid16106113-
dc.identifier.doi10.1159/000087456-
dc.identifier.otherPTY12-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/6579-
dc.descriptionTo access publisher full text version of this article. Please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links fielden
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: Measurements in absolute terms of the whole respiratory movement pattern (range, type, symmetry, rhythm and frequency of breathing movements) of healthy individuals are valuable for reference, when assessing patients with conditions affecting respiration. OBJECTIVE: To establish reference data for breathing movements and patterns for healthy men and women. METHODS: Fifty men (mean age 47.8 years) and 50 women (mean age 43.4 years) aged between 20 and 69 years participated in the study. Anterior-posterior breathing movements of the upper and lower thorax and abdomen were measured bilaterally during quiet breathing and deep breathing using the respiratory movement measuring instrument. Descriptive statistics, paired-sample statistics and Kendall's correlation test were used for analysis. RESULTS: Breathing movements were symmetrical and did not change significantly with increasing age. The average breathing type for men and women was abdominal during quiet breathing. During deep breathing the abdominal movements were significantly less amongst the women than the men (p < 0.05). The average respiratory rate was 14 during quiet and 7.4 during deep breathing for both sexes. The rhythm (inspiration/expiration ratio) was 1:1.21 for men and 1:1.14 for women during quiet breathing and 1:1.23 for men and 1:1.40 for women during deep breathing. CONCLUSIONS: As men and women have similar breathing movements during quiet breathing their reference values can be combined. On the other hand, separate reference values are needed for men and women for deep breathing.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherKargeren
dc.relation.urlhttp://content.karger.com/produktedb/produkte.asp?typ=fulltext&file=000087456en
dc.subject.meshAdulten
dc.subject.meshAge Factorsen
dc.subject.meshAgeden
dc.subject.meshHumansen
dc.subject.meshMaleen
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden
dc.subject.meshReference Valuesen
dc.subject.meshRespirationen
dc.subject.meshSex Factorsen
dc.subject.meshThoraxen
dc.titleBreathing movements and breathing patterns among healthy men and women 20-69 years of age. Reference valuesen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.format.digYES-
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