2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2336/69073
Title:
Dýra- og mannsbit
Other Titles:
Animal and human bites in Iceland
Authors:
Kristján Oddsson; Guðrún Stefánsdóttir; Brynjólfur Mogensen; Sigurður Guðmundsson
Citation:
Læknablaðið 1995, 81(2):126-32
Issue Date:
1-Feb-1995
Abstract:
Information on incidence, epidemiology and complications of human and animal bites in Nordic countries is limited, but these injuries can carry serious infectious complications. We conducted a prospective study at the Borgarspitalinn Emergency Department (ED) from August 1991 to July 1992. During this time 145 individuals entered the ED due to bites (accounting for ~0.4% of all admissions to the ED); 66 subjects (46%) had been bitten by dogs (41 provoked), 29 (20%) by cats, 34 (23%) by humans and 16 (11%) by other animals (horse, rabbit, hamster, rat, parrot, piranha fish, guinea pig, mink). The victims of dog and human bites were primarily men under 30 years of age, 73% and 79%, respectively. Dog and human bites were most common during the summer months and 41% of subjects bitten by humans were inebriated. Culture specimens were obtained on admission from 67 subjects, 31 from dog bites (58% positive), 10 from cat bites (80% positive), 19 from human bites (84% positive) and 7 from other bites (43% positive). The most common organisms isolated from dog bites were β-hemolytic streptococci, S. aureus and CDC M-5, from cat bites Pasturella multocida, Flavobacterium sp. and from human bites S. aureus and β-hemolytic streptococci. Prophylactic antibiotics were prescribed to 92 (63%) of the victims. Clinical infection was observed in 23 (16%) individuals. The infection rates after dog, cat and human bites were 8%, 28% and 29%, respectively. Three individuals bitten by humans had to be hospitalized due to osteomyelitis and/or severe cellulitis. The demography of bites in this study was similar to that reported elsewhere. Infection rates were comparatively low, possibly due to current habits of prophylactic antimicrobial use.; Upplýsingar um faraldsfræði og afleiðingar bita dýra og manna eru af skornum skammti á Norðurlöndum. Gerð var framsýn athugun á öllum sem leituðu til slysadeildar Borgarspítalans vegna bitsára frá ágúst 1991 til júlíloka 1992. Á tímabilinu leituðu 145 manns til deildar-innar vegna þessa, ~0,4% heildarheimsókna. Vegna hundsbits komu 66 (46%, 41 af tilefni), kattarbits 29 (20%) mannsbits 34 (23%) og 16 (11%) vegna bits annarra dýra. Þeir sem hundar og menn bitu voru flestir karlmenn undir 30 ára (73% og 79%); 41% mannsbita tengdust ölvun. Af öllum þolendum bita voru 38% börn 12 ára og yngri. Fjörutíu og sjö present kvenna sem kettir bitu voru yfir 40 ára. Ræktunarsýna var aflað frá 67 (46%) manns við komu, 31 frá hundsbitum (58% jákvæð), 10 frá kattarbitum (80% jákvæð) og 19 frá mannsbitum (84% jákvæð). Helstu sýklar sem ræktuðust frá hundsbitum voru β-hemólýtískir streptókokkar, S. aureus og CDC M-5, frá kattarbitum Pasturella multocida, Flavobacterium sp. og frá mannsbitum S. aureus og β-hemólýtískir streptókokkar. Sýklalyfjum í varnarskyni var ávísað til 92 einstaklinga (63%) venjulega í þrjá til fimm daga. Klíníska sýkingu fengu 22 (15%) og var sýkingartíðni eftir hundsbit 8%, 28% eftir kattarbit og 29% eftir mannsbit. Inn á sjúkrahús þurfti að leggja þrjá einstaklinga, tvo eftir kattarbit og einn eftir mannsbit. Dýra- og mannsbit eru fremur fátítt vandamál í Reykjavik og nágrenni og alvarlegar afleiðingar þeirra sem betur fer sjaldséðar.
Description:
Neðst á síðunni er hægt að nálgast greinina í heild sinni með því að smella á hlekkinn View/Open
Additional Links:
http://www.laeknabladid.is

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorKristján Oddsson-
dc.contributor.authorGuðrún Stefánsdóttir-
dc.contributor.authorBrynjólfur Mogensen-
dc.contributor.authorSigurður Guðmundsson-
dc.date.accessioned2009-05-27T09:16:56Z-
dc.date.available2009-05-27T09:16:56Z-
dc.date.issued1995-02-01-
dc.date.submitted2009-05-27-
dc.identifier.citationLæknablaðið 1995, 81(2):126-32en
dc.identifier.issn0023-7213-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/69073-
dc.descriptionNeðst á síðunni er hægt að nálgast greinina í heild sinni með því að smella á hlekkinn View/Openen
dc.description.abstractInformation on incidence, epidemiology and complications of human and animal bites in Nordic countries is limited, but these injuries can carry serious infectious complications. We conducted a prospective study at the Borgarspitalinn Emergency Department (ED) from August 1991 to July 1992. During this time 145 individuals entered the ED due to bites (accounting for ~0.4% of all admissions to the ED); 66 subjects (46%) had been bitten by dogs (41 provoked), 29 (20%) by cats, 34 (23%) by humans and 16 (11%) by other animals (horse, rabbit, hamster, rat, parrot, piranha fish, guinea pig, mink). The victims of dog and human bites were primarily men under 30 years of age, 73% and 79%, respectively. Dog and human bites were most common during the summer months and 41% of subjects bitten by humans were inebriated. Culture specimens were obtained on admission from 67 subjects, 31 from dog bites (58% positive), 10 from cat bites (80% positive), 19 from human bites (84% positive) and 7 from other bites (43% positive). The most common organisms isolated from dog bites were β-hemolytic streptococci, S. aureus and CDC M-5, from cat bites Pasturella multocida, Flavobacterium sp. and from human bites S. aureus and β-hemolytic streptococci. Prophylactic antibiotics were prescribed to 92 (63%) of the victims. Clinical infection was observed in 23 (16%) individuals. The infection rates after dog, cat and human bites were 8%, 28% and 29%, respectively. Three individuals bitten by humans had to be hospitalized due to osteomyelitis and/or severe cellulitis. The demography of bites in this study was similar to that reported elsewhere. Infection rates were comparatively low, possibly due to current habits of prophylactic antimicrobial use.en
dc.description.abstractUpplýsingar um faraldsfræði og afleiðingar bita dýra og manna eru af skornum skammti á Norðurlöndum. Gerð var framsýn athugun á öllum sem leituðu til slysadeildar Borgarspítalans vegna bitsára frá ágúst 1991 til júlíloka 1992. Á tímabilinu leituðu 145 manns til deildar-innar vegna þessa, ~0,4% heildarheimsókna. Vegna hundsbits komu 66 (46%, 41 af tilefni), kattarbits 29 (20%) mannsbits 34 (23%) og 16 (11%) vegna bits annarra dýra. Þeir sem hundar og menn bitu voru flestir karlmenn undir 30 ára (73% og 79%); 41% mannsbita tengdust ölvun. Af öllum þolendum bita voru 38% börn 12 ára og yngri. Fjörutíu og sjö present kvenna sem kettir bitu voru yfir 40 ára. Ræktunarsýna var aflað frá 67 (46%) manns við komu, 31 frá hundsbitum (58% jákvæð), 10 frá kattarbitum (80% jákvæð) og 19 frá mannsbitum (84% jákvæð). Helstu sýklar sem ræktuðust frá hundsbitum voru β-hemólýtískir streptókokkar, S. aureus og CDC M-5, frá kattarbitum Pasturella multocida, Flavobacterium sp. og frá mannsbitum S. aureus og β-hemólýtískir streptókokkar. Sýklalyfjum í varnarskyni var ávísað til 92 einstaklinga (63%) venjulega í þrjá til fimm daga. Klíníska sýkingu fengu 22 (15%) og var sýkingartíðni eftir hundsbit 8%, 28% eftir kattarbit og 29% eftir mannsbit. Inn á sjúkrahús þurfti að leggja þrjá einstaklinga, tvo eftir kattarbit og einn eftir mannsbit. Dýra- og mannsbit eru fremur fátítt vandamál í Reykjavik og nágrenni og alvarlegar afleiðingar þeirra sem betur fer sjaldséðar.en
dc.language.isoisen
dc.publisherLæknafélag Íslands, Læknafélag Reykjavíkuren
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.laeknabladid.isen
dc.subjectÁverkaren
dc.subjectGæludýren
dc.subject.meshAnimalsen
dc.subject.meshDogsen
dc.subject.meshBites and Stingsen
dc.subject.meshIcelanden
dc.subject.meshBites, Humanen
dc.subject.meshAnti-Bacterial Agentsen
dc.subject.meshWound Infection etiologyen
dc.titleDýra- og mannsbitis
dc.title.alternativeAnimal and human bites in Icelanden
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalLæknablaðiðen
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