2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2336/73013
Title:
Sinnepsgassprengjur á afvegum í Faxaflóa : sinnepsgas : notkun þess og eitranir
Other Titles:
Mustard gas bombs found astray in the Faxaflói bay. Mustard gas: usage and poisonings
Authors:
Jakob Kristinsson; Þorkell Jóhannesson
Citation:
Læknablaðið 2009, 95(5):359-65
Issue Date:
1-May-2009
Abstract:
The finding in 1972 of two World War II mustard gas artillery shells in crushed shell sediment dredged in the Faxaflói Bay and transported as raw material for cement production at Akranes (Western Iceland) is reported. One of the shells was wedged in a stone crusher in the raw material processing line and was ruptured. As a result dark fluid with a garlic like smell seeped out from the metal canister. The attending employees believed the metal object to be inert and tried to cut it out with a blow torch. This resulted in the explosion of the shell charge and in the exposure of four employees to mustard gas. All suffered burns on their hands and two of them in the eyes also. The second shell was detonated in the open at a distance from the factory. Emphasis is given to the fact that instant, or at least as soon as possible, cleansing and washing is the most efficient measure to be taken against the debilitating effects of mustard gas. It is also pointed out that the active principle in mustard gas (dichlorodiethyl sulphide) can easily be synthesized and none of the precursor substances are subjected to any restrictions of use. The authors conclude that mustard gas bombs may still be found in the arsenals of some military powers in spite of an international convention that prohibits the production, stockpiling and the use of chemical weapons. Terrorist groups have also seemingly tried to aquire mustard gas bombs and other chemical weapons. Therefore cases of mustard gas poisoning might still occur.; Sagt er frá fundi tveggja sinnepsgassprengikúlna sem komu upp árið 1972 með skeljasandi úr Faxaflóa vegna aðdrátta til Sementsverksmiðju ríkisins á Akranesi. Önnur sprengjan festist í mulningsvél í verksmiðjunni. Hún rifnaði og úr henni lak dökkur, hvítlaukslyktandi vökvi, en sprakk síðan, þegar átti að losa hana. Hin sprengjan var sprengd á víðavangi. Sagt er frá eitrunareinkennum hjá þeim mönnum, sem véluðu um sprengjurnar, svo og helstu eitrunareinkennum af völdum sinnepsgass. Lögð er áhersla á megingildi tafarlausrar hreinsunar og þvottar við sinnepsgaseitranir. Hið virka efni í sinnepsgasi, TTS (tvíklórtvíetýlsúlfíð), er auðframleitt og engar hömlur eru á notkun þeirra grunnefna, sem unnið er úr. Talið er að sinnepsgassprengjur leynist enn í vopnabúri ýmissa þjóða þrátt fyrir bann við að framleiða, eiga eða nota slíkar sprengjur. Þá eru vísbendingar um að skemmdaverkamenn hafi haft ýmis spjót úti til þess að komast yfir sinnepsgassprengjur. Því megi enn búast við sinnepsgaseitrunum.
Description:
Neðst á síðunni er hægt að nálgast greinina í heild sinni með því að smella á hlekkinn View/Open
Additional Links:
http://www.laeknabladid.is

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorJakob Kristinsson-
dc.contributor.authorÞorkell Jóhannesson-
dc.date.accessioned2009-07-08T13:19:18Z-
dc.date.available2009-07-08T13:19:18Z-
dc.date.issued2009-05-01-
dc.date.submitted2009-07-08-
dc.identifier.citationLæknablaðið 2009, 95(5):359-65en
dc.identifier.issn0023-7213-
dc.identifier.pmid19430031-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/73013-
dc.descriptionNeðst á síðunni er hægt að nálgast greinina í heild sinni með því að smella á hlekkinn View/Openen
dc.description.abstractThe finding in 1972 of two World War II mustard gas artillery shells in crushed shell sediment dredged in the Faxaflói Bay and transported as raw material for cement production at Akranes (Western Iceland) is reported. One of the shells was wedged in a stone crusher in the raw material processing line and was ruptured. As a result dark fluid with a garlic like smell seeped out from the metal canister. The attending employees believed the metal object to be inert and tried to cut it out with a blow torch. This resulted in the explosion of the shell charge and in the exposure of four employees to mustard gas. All suffered burns on their hands and two of them in the eyes also. The second shell was detonated in the open at a distance from the factory. Emphasis is given to the fact that instant, or at least as soon as possible, cleansing and washing is the most efficient measure to be taken against the debilitating effects of mustard gas. It is also pointed out that the active principle in mustard gas (dichlorodiethyl sulphide) can easily be synthesized and none of the precursor substances are subjected to any restrictions of use. The authors conclude that mustard gas bombs may still be found in the arsenals of some military powers in spite of an international convention that prohibits the production, stockpiling and the use of chemical weapons. Terrorist groups have also seemingly tried to aquire mustard gas bombs and other chemical weapons. Therefore cases of mustard gas poisoning might still occur.en
dc.description.abstractSagt er frá fundi tveggja sinnepsgassprengikúlna sem komu upp árið 1972 með skeljasandi úr Faxaflóa vegna aðdrátta til Sementsverksmiðju ríkisins á Akranesi. Önnur sprengjan festist í mulningsvél í verksmiðjunni. Hún rifnaði og úr henni lak dökkur, hvítlaukslyktandi vökvi, en sprakk síðan, þegar átti að losa hana. Hin sprengjan var sprengd á víðavangi. Sagt er frá eitrunareinkennum hjá þeim mönnum, sem véluðu um sprengjurnar, svo og helstu eitrunareinkennum af völdum sinnepsgass. Lögð er áhersla á megingildi tafarlausrar hreinsunar og þvottar við sinnepsgaseitranir. Hið virka efni í sinnepsgasi, TTS (tvíklórtvíetýlsúlfíð), er auðframleitt og engar hömlur eru á notkun þeirra grunnefna, sem unnið er úr. Talið er að sinnepsgassprengjur leynist enn í vopnabúri ýmissa þjóða þrátt fyrir bann við að framleiða, eiga eða nota slíkar sprengjur. Þá eru vísbendingar um að skemmdaverkamenn hafi haft ýmis spjót úti til þess að komast yfir sinnepsgassprengjur. Því megi enn búast við sinnepsgaseitrunum.en
dc.languageice-
dc.language.ison/aen
dc.publisherLæknafélag Íslands, Læknafélag Reykjavíkuren
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.laeknabladid.isen
dc.subjectEfnaeitrunen
dc.subjectSagnfræðien
dc.subject.meshAccidents, Occupationalen
dc.subject.meshAntidotesen
dc.subject.meshBombsen
dc.subject.meshBurns, Chemicalen
dc.subject.meshChemical Warfare Agentsen
dc.subject.meshDecontaminationen
dc.subject.meshEnvironmental Pollutantsen
dc.subject.meshExplosionsen
dc.subject.meshEye Injuriesen
dc.subject.meshFoot Injuriesen
dc.subject.meshHistory, 20th Centuryen
dc.subject.meshHumansen
dc.subject.meshIcelanden
dc.subject.meshMustard Gasen
dc.subject.meshOccupational Exposureen
dc.subject.meshSkinen
dc.subject.meshWorld War IIen
dc.titleSinnepsgassprengjur á afvegum í Faxaflóa : sinnepsgas : notkun þess og eitranirn/a
dc.title.alternativeMustard gas bombs found astray in the Faxaflói bay. Mustard gas: usage and poisoningsen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentRannsóknastofu í lyfja-og eiturefnafraedi, Reykjavik. jakobk@hi.isen
dc.identifier.journalLæknablaðiðen

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