Adherence to food-based dietary guidelines and evaluation of nutrient intake in 7-year-old children

2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2336/84167
Title:
Adherence to food-based dietary guidelines and evaluation of nutrient intake in 7-year-old children
Authors:
Kristjansdottir, Asa Gudrun; Thorsdottir, Inga
Citation:
Public Health Nutr. 2009, 12(11):1999-2008
Issue Date:
1-Nov-2009
Abstract:
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diet of 7-year-old children by comparison with food-based dietary guidelines (FBDG) and reference values for nutrient intake. DESIGN: Food and nutrient intake was assessed by 3 d weighed dietary records of 7-year-olds in six randomly chosen schools in Reykjavik, Iceland. Height and weight were measured. The diet of 165 children (62 % of sample) was evaluated by the Icelandic FBDG and the Nordic reference values (NRV) for nutrient intake. SETTING: Six randomly chosen schools in Reykjavik, Iceland. RESULTS: The FBDG on fruits and vegetables was reached by less than 20 % of the children. A total of 52 % reached the FBDG to eat fish twice a week and 41 % to use vitamin D supplement. The FBDG on dairy was reached by 66 % of the children. Mean intake of SFA gave 13.9 % of the total energy intake (E%), which is higher than the NRV, 9.3E% of MUFA and 3.8E% of PUFA, both lower than the NRV (for all differences P < 0.001). Added sugar gave 12.1E%, which exceeds the upper level (P < 0.001). Fibre intake was 2.1 g/MJ and lower than the NRV (P < 0.001). Mean intake of micronutrients was above the recommended intake (RI), except for iodine, 109.0 mug/d, and vitamin D, 6.1 mug/d, which was lower than the RI (P = 0.006 and P < 0.001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Fruit, vegetable, fish and dairy, as well as vitamin D supplement, need to be increased in the diet of 7-year-old children to reach the FBDG and the reference values for nutrient intake. Dietary changes to increase the quality of fat and carbohydrate are needed as well.
Description:
To access publisher full text version of this article. Please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links field
Additional Links:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S136898000999084X

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorKristjansdottir, Asa Gudrunen
dc.contributor.authorThorsdottir, Ingaen
dc.date.accessioned2009-10-13T11:18:18Z-
dc.date.available2009-10-13T11:18:18Z-
dc.date.issued2009-11-01-
dc.date.submitted2009-10-13-
dc.identifier.citationPublic Health Nutr. 2009, 12(11):1999-2008en
dc.identifier.issn1475-2727-
dc.identifier.pmid19656438-
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S136898000999084X-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/84167-
dc.descriptionTo access publisher full text version of this article. Please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links fielden
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVE: To evaluate the diet of 7-year-old children by comparison with food-based dietary guidelines (FBDG) and reference values for nutrient intake. DESIGN: Food and nutrient intake was assessed by 3 d weighed dietary records of 7-year-olds in six randomly chosen schools in Reykjavik, Iceland. Height and weight were measured. The diet of 165 children (62 % of sample) was evaluated by the Icelandic FBDG and the Nordic reference values (NRV) for nutrient intake. SETTING: Six randomly chosen schools in Reykjavik, Iceland. RESULTS: The FBDG on fruits and vegetables was reached by less than 20 % of the children. A total of 52 % reached the FBDG to eat fish twice a week and 41 % to use vitamin D supplement. The FBDG on dairy was reached by 66 % of the children. Mean intake of SFA gave 13.9 % of the total energy intake (E%), which is higher than the NRV, 9.3E% of MUFA and 3.8E% of PUFA, both lower than the NRV (for all differences P < 0.001). Added sugar gave 12.1E%, which exceeds the upper level (P < 0.001). Fibre intake was 2.1 g/MJ and lower than the NRV (P < 0.001). Mean intake of micronutrients was above the recommended intake (RI), except for iodine, 109.0 mug/d, and vitamin D, 6.1 mug/d, which was lower than the RI (P = 0.006 and P < 0.001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Fruit, vegetable, fish and dairy, as well as vitamin D supplement, need to be increased in the diet of 7-year-old children to reach the FBDG and the reference values for nutrient intake. Dietary changes to increase the quality of fat and carbohydrate are needed as well.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherPublished on behalf of the Nutrition Society by CAB Internationalen
dc.relation.urlhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S136898000999084Xen
dc.titleAdherence to food-based dietary guidelines and evaluation of nutrient intake in 7-year-old childrenen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.department1Unit for Nutrition Research, Landspitali-University Hospital and Faculty of Food Science and Human Nutrition, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.en
dc.identifier.journalPublic health nutritionen

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