2.50
Hdl Handle:
http://hdl.handle.net/2336/87286
Title:
Fæðuofnæmi og fæðuóþol Íslendinga á aldrinum 20-44 ára
Other Titles:
Allergy and intolerance to food in an Icelandic urban population 20-44 years of age
Authors:
Davíð Gíslason; Eyþór Björnsson; Þórarinn Gíslason
Citation:
Læknablaðið 2000, 86(12):851-7
Issue Date:
1-Dec-2000
Abstract:
Objective: Symptoms related to the intake of certain food items are common. In most of these cases food allergy/intolerance can not be confirmed. In the Icelandic part of the European Community Respiratory Health Survey the prevalence of food-related symptoms was assessed among adult Icelanders. Material and methods: Three thousand and six hundred men and women, 20-44 years, were studied, among them 800 were randomly chosen for a more detailed investigation. Additionally, all those using asthma medication or having asthma symptoms were investigated. A questionnaire inquired about chest symptoms, symptoms related to food-intake and eating habits. In Iceland additional questions were asked concerning drug intolerance, urticaria, Quincke oedema, childhood eczema, migraine and psoriasis. All subjects underwent skin prick tests against 12 common allergens, spirometry and methacholine challenge. Specific IgE antibodies against five airborne allergens and six common food allergens were measured. Results: Among subjects with food-related symptoms, 68% reported complaints from the GI-tract, 22% had skin rash or pruritus, 15% severe headache, 11% breathlessness, 8% a running/stuffy nose and 4% fatique. Altogether 42 food items were considered likely causes of the reported symptoms. Twenty-two percent of the random sample had symptoms related to the intake of a particular food and 15% reported always having the same symptom after intake of this food. Women reported food-related symptoms somewhat more often that men (17% and 13% respectively (p=0.21)). In the random sample only 1.8% had antibodies to one or more of the foods measured. There was a significant relationship between food-related symptoms and reported migraine, urticaria and Quincke oedema and a particularily strong relationship with drug intolerance. Migraine, urticaria, Quincke oedema and drug intolerance were significantly more common among women (p<0.0001, p<0.01, p<0.05 and <0.002 respectively). No relationship was seen between food-related symptoms and positive methacholine tests. Conclusions: In conclusion this study reveales a large group of subjects reporting food-releated symptoms. This group also reported a big prevalence of unrelated symptoms such as drug intolerance and migraine. Type-1 allergy is unlikely to be the cause to more than a small part of these symptoms.; Inngangur: Ýmis einkenni tengd neyslu ákveðinna fæðutegunda eru algeng umkvörtunarefni. Í fæstum tilvikum er þó hægt að staðfesta fæðuofnæmi/-óþol við prófanir. Í íslenska hluta European Community Respiratory Health Survey var kannað algengi fæðutengdra einkenna meðal fullorðinna Íslendinga. Efniviður og aðferðir: Rannsökuð voru 3600 karlar og konur 20-44 ára og úr þeim hópi voru 800 valin af handahófi og rannsökuð sérstaklega. Einnig voru skoðuð öll þau sem notuðu astmalyf, eða höfðu astmaeinkenni. Spurt var meðal annars um einkenni frá öndunarfærum, matarvenjur og einkenni tengd mat. Auk þess var hérlendis spurt um lyfjaóþol, ofsakláða, ofsabjúg, barnaeksem, mígreni og sóra. Öll gengust undir húðpróf fyrir 12 algengum ofnæmisvökum, blásturspróf og mælingu á berkjuauðreitni með metakólíni. Mæld voru sértæk IgE mótefni fyrir fimm loftbornum ofnæmisvökum og sex algengum fæðutegundum. Niðurstöður: Af einstaklingum með fæðutengd einkenni höfðu 68% einkenni frá meltingarvegi, 22% útbrot eða kláða, 15% slæman höfuðverk, 11% mæði, 8% nefrennsli/nefstíflur og 4% þreytu. Samtals voru 42 fæðuefni talin völd að þeim einkennum sem nefnd voru. Í slembiúrtakinu töldu 22% sér hafa orðið illt af ákveðinni fæðu, 15% töldu sig alltaf veikjast með sama hætti af þessari sérstöku fæðu. Konur lýstu oftar fæðuóþoli en karlar (17% á móti 13% (p=0,21)). Af slembiúrtakinu höfðu einungis 1,8% mótefni fyrir ákveðinni fæðutegund. Marktækt samband fæðutengdra einkenna var við einkenni um mígreni, ofsakláða og ofsabjúg en þó sérstaklega við ætlað lyfjaofnæmi. Konur voru í miklum meirihluta þeirra sem töldu sig hafa mígreni (p<0,0001), ofsakláða (p<0,01), ofsabjúg (p<0,05) og lyfjaofnæmi (p<0,002). Engin tengsl voru milli fæðutengdra einkenna og metakólínprófa. Ályktanir: Könnun þessi hefur sýnt fram á hóp einstaklinga sem hefur einkenni af neyslu ákveðinna fæðutegunda en jafnframt oftar en aðrir einkenni um lyfjaóþol og ætlað mígreni. Ólíklegt er að bráðaofnæmi skýri fæðutengd einkenni, nema að mjög litlu leyti.
Description:
Neðst á síðunni er hægt að nálgast greinina í heild sinni með því að smella á hlekkinn View/Open
Additional Links:
http://www.laeknabladid.is

Full metadata record

DC FieldValue Language
dc.contributor.authorDavíð Gíslasonen
dc.contributor.authorEyþór Björnssonen
dc.contributor.authorÞórarinn Gíslasonen
dc.date.accessioned2009-12-03T16:00:57Z-
dc.date.available2009-12-03T16:00:57Z-
dc.date.issued2000-12-01-
dc.date.submitted2009-12-03-
dc.identifier.citationLæknablaðið 2000, 86(12):851-7en
dc.identifier.issn0023-7213-
dc.identifier.pmid17018969-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/87286-
dc.descriptionNeðst á síðunni er hægt að nálgast greinina í heild sinni með því að smella á hlekkinn View/Openen
dc.description.abstractObjective: Symptoms related to the intake of certain food items are common. In most of these cases food allergy/intolerance can not be confirmed. In the Icelandic part of the European Community Respiratory Health Survey the prevalence of food-related symptoms was assessed among adult Icelanders. Material and methods: Three thousand and six hundred men and women, 20-44 years, were studied, among them 800 were randomly chosen for a more detailed investigation. Additionally, all those using asthma medication or having asthma symptoms were investigated. A questionnaire inquired about chest symptoms, symptoms related to food-intake and eating habits. In Iceland additional questions were asked concerning drug intolerance, urticaria, Quincke oedema, childhood eczema, migraine and psoriasis. All subjects underwent skin prick tests against 12 common allergens, spirometry and methacholine challenge. Specific IgE antibodies against five airborne allergens and six common food allergens were measured. Results: Among subjects with food-related symptoms, 68% reported complaints from the GI-tract, 22% had skin rash or pruritus, 15% severe headache, 11% breathlessness, 8% a running/stuffy nose and 4% fatique. Altogether 42 food items were considered likely causes of the reported symptoms. Twenty-two percent of the random sample had symptoms related to the intake of a particular food and 15% reported always having the same symptom after intake of this food. Women reported food-related symptoms somewhat more often that men (17% and 13% respectively (p=0.21)). In the random sample only 1.8% had antibodies to one or more of the foods measured. There was a significant relationship between food-related symptoms and reported migraine, urticaria and Quincke oedema and a particularily strong relationship with drug intolerance. Migraine, urticaria, Quincke oedema and drug intolerance were significantly more common among women (p<0.0001, p<0.01, p<0.05 and <0.002 respectively). No relationship was seen between food-related symptoms and positive methacholine tests. Conclusions: In conclusion this study reveales a large group of subjects reporting food-releated symptoms. This group also reported a big prevalence of unrelated symptoms such as drug intolerance and migraine. Type-1 allergy is unlikely to be the cause to more than a small part of these symptoms.en
dc.description.abstractInngangur: Ýmis einkenni tengd neyslu ákveðinna fæðutegunda eru algeng umkvörtunarefni. Í fæstum tilvikum er þó hægt að staðfesta fæðuofnæmi/-óþol við prófanir. Í íslenska hluta European Community Respiratory Health Survey var kannað algengi fæðutengdra einkenna meðal fullorðinna Íslendinga. Efniviður og aðferðir: Rannsökuð voru 3600 karlar og konur 20-44 ára og úr þeim hópi voru 800 valin af handahófi og rannsökuð sérstaklega. Einnig voru skoðuð öll þau sem notuðu astmalyf, eða höfðu astmaeinkenni. Spurt var meðal annars um einkenni frá öndunarfærum, matarvenjur og einkenni tengd mat. Auk þess var hérlendis spurt um lyfjaóþol, ofsakláða, ofsabjúg, barnaeksem, mígreni og sóra. Öll gengust undir húðpróf fyrir 12 algengum ofnæmisvökum, blásturspróf og mælingu á berkjuauðreitni með metakólíni. Mæld voru sértæk IgE mótefni fyrir fimm loftbornum ofnæmisvökum og sex algengum fæðutegundum. Niðurstöður: Af einstaklingum með fæðutengd einkenni höfðu 68% einkenni frá meltingarvegi, 22% útbrot eða kláða, 15% slæman höfuðverk, 11% mæði, 8% nefrennsli/nefstíflur og 4% þreytu. Samtals voru 42 fæðuefni talin völd að þeim einkennum sem nefnd voru. Í slembiúrtakinu töldu 22% sér hafa orðið illt af ákveðinni fæðu, 15% töldu sig alltaf veikjast með sama hætti af þessari sérstöku fæðu. Konur lýstu oftar fæðuóþoli en karlar (17% á móti 13% (p=0,21)). Af slembiúrtakinu höfðu einungis 1,8% mótefni fyrir ákveðinni fæðutegund. Marktækt samband fæðutengdra einkenna var við einkenni um mígreni, ofsakláða og ofsabjúg en þó sérstaklega við ætlað lyfjaofnæmi. Konur voru í miklum meirihluta þeirra sem töldu sig hafa mígreni (p<0,0001), ofsakláða (p<0,01), ofsabjúg (p<0,05) og lyfjaofnæmi (p<0,002). Engin tengsl voru milli fæðutengdra einkenna og metakólínprófa. Ályktanir: Könnun þessi hefur sýnt fram á hóp einstaklinga sem hefur einkenni af neyslu ákveðinna fæðutegunda en jafnframt oftar en aðrir einkenni um lyfjaóþol og ætlað mígreni. Ólíklegt er að bráðaofnæmi skýri fæðutengd einkenni, nema að mjög litlu leyti.en
dc.languageICE-
dc.language.isoisen
dc.publisherLæknafélag Íslands, Læknafélag Reykjavíkuren
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.laeknabladid.isen
dc.subjectFæðuofnæmien
dc.subjectOfnæmien
dc.subject.meshFood Hypersensitivityen
dc.titleFæðuofnæmi og fæðuóþol Íslendinga á aldrinum 20-44 árais
dc.title.alternativeAllergy and intolerance to food in an Icelandic urban population 20-44 years of ageen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentLandspitali University Hospital, Vífilsstöðum, 210 Garðabæ, Iceland. davidg@landspitali.is.en
dc.identifier.journalLæknablaðiðen

Related articles on PubMed

All Items in Hirsla are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.