Consortium study on 1280 breast carcinomas: allelic loss on chromosome 17 targets subregions associated with family history and clinical parameters.
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AuthorsPhelan, C M
Crichton, D N
Andersen, T I
Caligo, M A
Bignon, Y J
Borresen-Dale, A L
Thompson, A M
MetadataShow full item record
CitationCancer Res. 1998, 58(5):1004-12
AbstractThe pattern of loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on chromosome 17 in human breast cancer is complicated and shows many different regions of loss. In an attempt to narrow down the relevant regions of LOH on chromosome 17, we have studied the deletion pattern and its association with clinical parameters in 1280 breast carcinoma-venous blood lymphocyte pairs. In total, 42 different chromosome 17 loci were investigated, and between 25 and 625 cases were analyzed at each locus. The frequency of LOH observed on the p arm was much higher than that observed on the q arm. The opposite effect was observed in 52 ovarian cancer cases investigated, with less LOH on 17p than on 17q. Patterns of loss consistent with interstitial and terminal deletions, as well as loss of either the p or q arm or monosomy 17 were observed. To determine whether loss at particular loci may be associated with biological features of breast tumors, clinical data including age of onset, family history of breast cancer, tumor histopathology, tumor size, estrogen receptor (ER) status, and occurrence of lymph node or distant metastases were collected for each case. Overall, large-sized, ER-negative, lymph node-positive ductal tumors showed the highest frequencies of LOH, with ER-negative and ductal tumors showing LOH for markers along the majority of the chromosome. Eight regions of chromosome 17 appear to be associated with human breast cancer, two on 17p and six on 17q. These regions were not necessarily in the areas exhibiting the highest frequencies of LOH but were defined by interstitial and terminal deletions in multiple independent cases. Seven of these regions showed statistically significant differences in LOH associated with clinical parameters. These data strongly suggest that loci on chromosome 17 may determine aspects of tumor presentation and disease behavior in human breast cancer and pinpoint candidate tumor suppressor gene loci.
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