Svæsinn háþrýstingur (III. og IV. stig) : rannsókn á sjúkdómsfari og afdrifum 117 sjúklinga á lyflækningadeild Landspítalans 1957-1971
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Other TitlesSevere hypertension (grade III and grade IV). A study on the clinical course in 117 patients in Landspítalinn Medical Department 1957-1971. 1974
CitationLæknablaðið 2005, 91(1):57-66
AbstractThe aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence, complications, survival time and causes of death of patients with severe hypertension (S.H.) (grade III and grade IV) who were admitted to Landspítalinn (The University Hospital in Reykjavík med. Depart.) during the years 1957-1971. During this period 117 patients were found to have S.H. according to the grading of Keith and Wagener (20 patients with grade IV end 97 with grade III). It was found that relatively fewer patients with S.H. were admitted during the last 5 year period (1967-1971) compared to the two previous 5 year-period (1957-1966). The cases were analysed according to sex and age distribution, blood urea, electrocardiographic changes, heart size (by x-ray) and blood pressure readings at the time of admission. In relation to the above mentioned factors the incidence and type of complications, survival time and causes of death were evaluated. The main causes of death were cerebrovascular accidents (26,6%), myocardial infarction (22,8%) and uremia (22,8%).The survival calculations were done by the decremental method aim taken from patient age less than 66 years. Approximately 50% of the men and 60% of the women had a 5 year survival. Elevated blood urea values and signs of left ventricular hypertrophy in the electrocardiogram at the time of diagnosis of S.H. had an unfavorable influence on length of survival.
Ekki er vitað til að birst hafiuppgjörumháþrýstingssjúklinga hérlendis. Þótti því ástæða til að rannsaka nokkur atriði varðandi sjúklinga með svæsinn háþrýsting sem legið höfðu á lyflækningadeildLandspítalans og bera niðurstöður saman við erlendar athuganir. Athuguð var dreifingsjúklinga á tímabilinu og ýmis atriði varðandi ástand þeirra við greiningu, einkum í ljósi síðari afdrifa þeirra, þ.e. fylgikvilla, dauðaorsaka og lífslengdar.
DescriptionNeðst á síðunni er að nálgast greinina í heild sinni með því að smella á hlekkinn View/Open
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