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dc.contributor.authorKristjansson, Eythor
dc.contributor.authorHardardottir, Lilja
dc.contributor.authorAsmundardottir, Matthildur
dc.contributor.authorGudmundsson, Karl
dc.date.accessioned2010-08-31T10:53:28Z
dc.date.available2010-08-31T10:53:28Z
dc.date.issued2004-03-01
dc.date.submitted2010-08-31
dc.identifier.citationArch Phys Med Rehabil. 2004, 85(3):490-5en
dc.identifier.issn0003-9993
dc.identifier.pmid15031839
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/S0003-9993(03)00619-1
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/110514
dc.descriptionTo access publisher full text version of this article. Please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links fielden
dc.description.abstractOBJECTIVE: To investigate the reliability and discriminative ability of a new test designed to detect accuracy of neck movements. DESIGN: Repeated-measures. Case-control. SETTING: University musculoskeletal research clinic in Iceland. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty women (mean age +/- standard deviation [SD], 30.8+/-9.1 y; range, 18-49 y) with chronic whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) grades I and II (duration, 6 mo-6 y), with current pain score on a visual analog scale of 46.8+/-21.8, and a disability score on the Northwick Park Neck Pain Disability Index of 45%+/-14%. Twenty asymptomatic women (mean age +/- SD, 29.3+/-8.6 y; range, 18-48 y) with no history of whiplash or insidious onset neck pain served as controls. INTERVENTION: A slowly moving object appeared on a computer screen and traced an unpredictable movement path that the subjects were required to follow by moving their heads. Three randomly ordered movement patterns were tested. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: A new software program connected to a 3Space Fastrak system was used to measure the mean absolute error (in millimeters) of 3 trials in each movement pattern. RESULTS: The mean differences (+/-2 SD) between days 1 and 2 were.01+/-.64 mm for the asymptomatic group and.33+/-1.80 mm for the WAD group. The between-day intraclass correlation coefficients were between.60 and.77 for the asymptomatic group and.79 and.86 for the WAD group. Repeated-measures analysis of variance revealed a significant difference between groups (P=.02). The Tukey post hoc test showed significant between-group differences for each movement pattern (P
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherW.B. Saundersen
dc.relation.urlhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0003-9993(03)00619-1en
dc.subject.meshAdulten
dc.subject.meshChronic Diseaseen
dc.subject.meshDiagnosis, Computer-Assisteden
dc.subject.meshFemaleen
dc.subject.meshHead Movementsen
dc.subject.meshHumansen
dc.subject.meshKinesthesisen
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden
dc.subject.meshNecken
dc.subject.meshReproducibility of Resultsen
dc.subject.meshSensation Disordersen
dc.subject.meshWhiplash Injuriesen
dc.titleA new clinical test for cervicocephalic kinesthetic sensibility: "the fly"en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentFaculty of Medicine, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland.en
dc.identifier.journalArchives of physical medicine and rehabilitationen
html.description.abstractOBJECTIVE: To investigate the reliability and discriminative ability of a new test designed to detect accuracy of neck movements. DESIGN: Repeated-measures. Case-control. SETTING: University musculoskeletal research clinic in Iceland. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty women (mean age +/- standard deviation [SD], 30.8+/-9.1 y; range, 18-49 y) with chronic whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) grades I and II (duration, 6 mo-6 y), with current pain score on a visual analog scale of 46.8+/-21.8, and a disability score on the Northwick Park Neck Pain Disability Index of 45%+/-14%. Twenty asymptomatic women (mean age +/- SD, 29.3+/-8.6 y; range, 18-48 y) with no history of whiplash or insidious onset neck pain served as controls. INTERVENTION: A slowly moving object appeared on a computer screen and traced an unpredictable movement path that the subjects were required to follow by moving their heads. Three randomly ordered movement patterns were tested. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: A new software program connected to a 3Space Fastrak system was used to measure the mean absolute error (in millimeters) of 3 trials in each movement pattern. RESULTS: The mean differences (+/-2 SD) between days 1 and 2 were.01+/-.64 mm for the asymptomatic group and.33+/-1.80 mm for the WAD group. The between-day intraclass correlation coefficients were between.60 and.77 for the asymptomatic group and.79 and.86 for the WAD group. Repeated-measures analysis of variance revealed a significant difference between groups (P=.02). The Tukey post hoc test showed significant between-group differences for each movement pattern (P</=.05). In each successive trial, a slight improvement for the asymptomatic group and a slight worsening for the WAD group were detected. CONCLUSIONS: Better reliability was detected for the asymptomatic group than for the WAD group. The test could discriminate between the asymptomatic group versus the chronic WAD group.


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