Reduced prevalence of cervical Chlamydia infection among women requesting termination.
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CitationActa Obstet Gynecol Scand. 1997, 76(5):438-41
AbstractBACKGROUND: The prevalence and pattern of Chlamydia trachomatis infection among women requesting induced abortion in the three year period 1992-95 was evaluated and compared to the results of a previous study in 1982-84, where the prevalence of chlamydial infection had been 13.5%. METHODS: A total of 1995 women requested termination, 1855 (93%) of whom were tested for Chlamydia and were included in the study. Two types of tests for chlamydial infection, ELISA and PCR, were used in two consecutive periods. In addition cultures for gonorrhea were done in each case. Information on age, marital status, parity, gestational age and the results of chlamydia and gonorrhea tests of the women and sexual partners were recorded. RESULTS: Chlamydia trachomatis positive women were 149 (8.0%), a significant reduction from the previous 1982-84 study (p<0.001). Women with positive tests were significantly younger (80% < or = 25 years of age; p<0.001) and more frequently single (86.6%; p<0.001), than those with negative tests, as in the previous period. Of the partners, 80.4% were contacted, and 52.1% presented for investigation. Of those tested 42.1% were Chlamydia positive. Four women (0.2%) had Neisseria gonorrhea but none of the partners. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis is receding among women coming for termination of pregnancy. As treatment before or at operation has repeatedly been shown to be of benefit and since the prevalence is still considerable, continued screening of these women is justified.
- [Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae among women seeking abortion in Norway. Results from a nationwide study].
- Authors: Skjeldestad FE, Jerve F
- Issue date: 1992 Jun 20
- Lower genital tract infection with Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis in women requesting induced abortion and in their sexual partners.
- Authors: Oskarsson T, Geirsson RT, Steingrímsson O, Thorarinsson H
- Issue date: 1990
- Health gains from screening for infection of the lower genital tract in women attending for termination of pregnancy.
- Authors: Blackwell AL, Thomas PD, Wareham K, Emery SJ
- Issue date: 1993 Jul 24
- Risk factors for Chlamydia trachomatis infection of the cervix: a prospective study of 2000 patients at a family planning clinic.
- Authors: Bagshaw SN, Edwards D
- Issue date: 1987 Jul 8
- Risk factors for gonococcal and chlamydial cervical infection in pregnant and non-pregnant women in Zimbabwe.
- Authors: Latif AS, Mason PR, Marowa E, Gwanzura L, Chingono A, Mbengeranwa OL
- Issue date: 1999 Oct