Cast your vote
You can rate an item by clicking the amount of stars they wish to award to this item.
When enough users have cast their vote on this item, the average rating will also be shown.
Your vote was cast
Thank you for your feedback
Thank you for your feedback
MetadataShow full item record
CitationJ. Intern. Med. 1997, 241(3):213-9
AbstractOBJECTIVES: To estimate medical risk factors amongst drivers in single-car accidents with special reference to sleepiness and alcohol abuse. DESIGN: An epidemiological survey by means of multiple-choice questionnaires that were mailed to drivers and a random control group. SETTING: Iceland. SUBJECTS: All drivers in single-car accidents (n = 471) during 1989-91 and a control group from the general population (n = 1000). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Medical health profile and answers to questions concerning sleep disorders and alcohol abuse. RESULTS: Compared to the controls the drivers were younger and there were three times more males. The drivers abused alcohol more often. Chronic disorders such as epilepsy, diabetes mellitus, and cardiac disorders were not over-represented. Altogether, 15.4% claimed that sleepiness had caused their traffic accident, logistic regression analyses revealed that these 'sleepy' drivers more often had alcohol abuse and a history of 'almost falling a sleep whilst driving'. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to controls, drivers in single-car accidents are more likely to be young, male, have a history of sleepiness whilst driving, and also have a history suggestive of alcoholism. Chronic disorders like epilepsy and diabetes mellitus were not over-represented amongst the single-car accidents drivers. These results raise the question of how drivers with a high probability of causing an accident (sleepiness and alcoholism) can be identified in time and proper measures taken to prevent 'accidents waiting to happen'.
DescriptionTo access publisher full text version of this article. Please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links field
- Road accidents caused by drivers falling asleep.
- Authors: Sagberg F
- Issue date: 1999 Nov
- [Some characteristics of drivers having caused traffic accidents].
- Authors: Durić P, Miladinov-Mikov M
- Issue date: 2008 Sep-Oct
- Sleep, sleepiness and motor vehicle accidents: a national survey.
- Authors: Gander PH, Marshall NS, Harris RB, Reid P
- Issue date: 2005 Feb
- Psychoactive substance use and the risk of motor vehicle accidents.
- Authors: Movig KL, Mathijssen MP, Nagel PH, van Egmond T, de Gier JJ, Leufkens HG, Egberts AC
- Issue date: 2004 Jul
- Short sleep duration and long spells of driving are associated with the occurrence of Japanese drivers' rear-end collisions and single-car accidents.
- Authors: Abe T, Komada Y, Nishida Y, Hayashida K, Inoue Y
- Issue date: 2010 Jun