• Exclusive characteristics of graft survival and risk factors in recipients with immunoglobulin A nephropathy: a retrospective analysis of registry data

      Andresdottir, Margret B; Haasnoot, Geert W; Doxiadis, Ilias I N; Persijn, Guido G; Claas, Frans H J (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc, 2005-10-27)
      BACKGROUND: Some studies have claimed that patients with immunoglobulin A (IgA) nephropathy have better graft survival than other renal graft recipients, whereas others have rejected this statement. We have addressed this paradox in the present study. METHODS: In all, 1,207 patients with IgA nephropathy who received a primary cadaveric renal graft from 1990 to 2002 were identified in the Eurotransplant database. For comparison, we analyzed 7,935 patients with nonglomerular diseases. Death-censored graft survival was calculated using Kaplan Meier estimates and a multivariable Cox regression analysis was used for risk calculations. RESULTS: Death-censored graft survival was superior in patients with IgA nephropathy in the first period after transplantation. After 3 years posttransplant, however, there was an accelerated decline in graft survival in recipients with IgA nephropathy. The fully adjusted risk of graft loss in the first year was increased by 40% in the control group compared to IgA nephropathy (hazard ratio [HR] 1.40, 95% CI 1.12-1.75), whereas the risk was significantly lower in the control group after the first year posttransplant (HR 0.75, 95% CI 0.63-0.88). Cold ischemia time, immunization and HLA-DR mismatch were risk factors for graft loss in the control group but not for IgA nephropathy, whereas HLA-AB mismatch was an independent risk factor, exclusively for the IgA nephropathy group. CONCLUSIONS: Recipients with IgA nephropathy have better 1-year graft survival, presumably due to favorable immunological behavior. This benefit was however abolished in the long-term by increased graft loss with time. Studies are needed to explain the difference in graft survival and the reason why different risk factors are involved in graft failure.
    • HLA-B8, DR3: a new risk factor for graft failure after renal transplantation in patients with underlying immunoglobulin A nephropathy

      Andresdottir, Margret B; Haasnoot, Geert W; Persijn, Guido G; Claas, Frans H J; Department of Internal Medicine, Divison of Nephrology, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland. mband@landspitali.is (Munksgaard, 2009-10-01)
      BACKGROUND: The HLA-B8, DR3 haplotype has been associated with high immune reactivity. In this study, we have tested whether this haplotype has differential effect on graft survival in patients with IgAN compared with control patients. METHODS: From the Eurotransplant Registry we analyzed graft survival of 1207 recipients with IgAN and 7935 control patients with non-glomerular diseases. Death-censored graft loss according to the HLA-B8, DR3 haplotype was calculated with Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox-regression model was used to correct for various risk factors. RESULTS: The frequency of the HLA-B8, DR3 haplotype was significantly lower in IgAN patients compared with controls (10.3% vs. 15.4%, p < 0.001). Ten-year graft survival was identical in the control group with and without the HLA-B8, DR3 haplotype (71.1% and 70.2%, respectively), but significantly worse in IgAN patients carrying the HLA-B8, DR3 haplotype compared with patients without it (52.5% vs. 69.1%, respectively, p = 0.009). The risk of graft loss was increased by 66% (HR 1.6, 95% CI 1.14, 2.29) in IgAN with the HLA-B8, DR3 haplotype and independent of well-known risk factors. CONCLUSIONS: We have identified a new risk factor for graft loss unique to patients with IgAN. This finding emphasizes the exclusive immune characteristics of IgAN patients after transplantation.