• Role of ADP-ribosylation in endothelial signal transduction and prostacyclin production

      Halldorsson, H; Bodvarsdottir, T; Kjeld, M; Thorgeirsson, G; Department of Pharmacology, University of Iceland, Reykjavik. (Elsiver, 1992-12-21)
      ADP-ribosylation of proteins by the enzymatic transfer of ADP-ribose from NAD has been implicated in a number of biological processes. We report that inhibitors of ADP-ribosylation, most notably the novel inhibitor of arginine specific cellular mono(ADP-ribosyl) transferase, meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) as well as nicotinamide, L-arginine methyl ester (LAME) and guanyltyramine, inhibit histamine-induced endothelial production of inositol phosphates, release of arachidonic acid and production of prostacyclin (PGI2). Those same responses were unaffected by MIBG when triggered by thrombin or leukotriene C4. These findings suggest that ADP-ribosylation serves a role in histamine-induced production of prostacyclin and imply differences in transduction pathways employed by the different agonists.
    • Thrombin and histamine stimulate endothelial nitric-oxide synthase phosphorylation at Ser1177 via an AMPK mediated pathway independent of PI3K-Akt

      Thors, Brynhildur; Halldorsson, Haraldur; Thorgeirsson, Gudmundur (Elsevier Science B.V., 2004-08-27)
      Histamine and thrombin cause phosphorylation and activation of endothelial NO-synthase (eNOS) on Ser1177. We tested the role of various protein kinases in mediating this effect in human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Inhibition of the Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II or phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) had no effect. H89, an inhibitor of both protein kinase A (PKA) and 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), strongly inhibited phosphorylation and activity of eNOS. Conversely, the PKA inhibitor Rp-adenosine 3 '5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMPS) had no effect and eNOS was not phosphorylated by treatments that affect cAMP levels. Thrombin and histamine caused phosphorylation of AMPK on Thr172 as well as on its downstream target acetyl-CoA carboxylase. Activation of AMPK using AICAR or CCCP also resulted in eNOS phosphorylation. We conclude that histamine and thrombin cause eNOS phosphorylation in an AMPK mediated manner, independent of P13K-Akt.