• The European experience with vascular injuries

      Fingerhut, Abe; Leppäniemi, Ari K; Androulakis, George A; Archodovassilis, F; Bouillon, Bertil; Cavina, Enrico; Chaloner, Eddie; Chiarugi, Massimo; Davidovic, Lazar; Delgado-Millan, Miguel Angel; et al. (Saunders, 2002-02)
      The rich and diverse heritage of the management of vascular injuries in the 45 independent European countries prevents the authors from revealing a uniform picture of the European experience, but some trends are clearly emerging. In countries with a low incidence of penetrating trauma and increasing use of interventional vascular procedures, the proportion of iatrogenic vascular trauma exceeds 40% of all vascular injuries, whereas on other parts of the continent, armed conflicts are still a major cause of vascular trauma. National vascular registries, mostly in the Scandinavian countries, produce useful, nationwide data about vascular trauma and its management but suffer still from inadequate data collection. Despite a relatively low incidence of vascular trauma in most European countries, the results are satisfactory, probably in most cases because of active and early management by surgeons on call, whether with vascular training or not, treating all kinds of vascular surgical emergencies. In some countries, attempts at developing a trauma and emergency surgical specialty, including expertise in the management of vascular injuries, are on their way.
    • Laparoscopic management of achalasia

      Oddsdottir, M; Department of Surgery, University of Iceland Medical School, Reykjavik, Iceland. (W.B. Saunders, 1996-06-01)
      Cardiomyotomy for achalasia is one of the ideal procedures for the video endoscopic approach. Magnification of the operative field during laparoscopic surgery allows precise division of the muscle fibers with excellent results. The number of reports on cardiomyotomy performed with laparoscopic (and thoracoscopic) access is growing. They all show the same excellent results as for conventional (open) myotomy, with minimal morbidity, short hospital stay, and early return to routine activity.
    • Paraesophageal hernia

      Oddsdottir, M; Department of Surgery, University Hospital-Landspitali Hringbraut, Reykjavik, Iceland. margreto@rsp.is (W.B. Saunders, 2000-08)
      The laparoscopic repair of paraesophageal hernia has proven to be safe and effective, with relatively low morbidity and mortality rates. The laparoscopic approach is feasible in patients with paraesophageal hernia because these patients are usually past middle age and commonly have multiple other medical problems. The procedure is technically demanding, but skilled laparoscopic surgeons should be able to perform the standard repair, that is, sac excision, crural closure, and fundoplication or gastropexy.