• Iceland's national information infrastructure

      Olafsson, Sveinn (Academic Press, 1999-11-01)
      This article discusses Iceland's national information infrastructure in the year 2000. It focuses on the current information policy and legislation of the country. It looks at this policy as it is presented in government publications from the last 5 years and evaluates its effects, with particular regard to the education, culture and health sectors. It describes the foundation of a nationwide health database in Iceland, which was established by an Act of Parliament taking force on 1 January 1999. The idea for this database came from deCODE, a company that proposes to make use of the homogeneity and the vast genealogical information of the Icelandic nation to develop better drugs for common diseases. The company is a genomics research company, and is currently working with Hoffmann La-Roche. It has gained a 12-year monopoly on building such a database, the formation of which brings up many ethical questions, and also new possibilities for health management.
    • Ichthyosis prematurity syndrome with separation of fetal membranes and neonatal asphyxia.

      Dereksson, Kristjan; Kjartansson, Sveinn; Hjartardóttir, Hulda; Arngrimsson, Reynir; Pediatrics Department, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden. (2012)
      Ichthyosis prematurity syndrome (IPS) is a rare inherited skin disorder. Children are born prematurely with thick skin and have been found to develop neonatal asphyxia due to occlusions in the bronchial tree from debris in the amniotic fluid. At 31 weeks of gestation, separation of amniotic and chorionic membranes was identified as well as polyhydramnion. The child was born 2 weeks later, with thickened skin with a granular appearance and required immediate ventilation and intensive care. At 2 years of age, the patient has developed an atopic skin condition with severe itching, recurrent skin infections, food intolerance and periods of wheezing. Prenatal observation of separation of foetal membranes or dense amniotic fluid may be signs of IPS and severe complication immediately after birth.
    • Inflammatory Breast Cancer: What surgeons need to know.

      Rafnsdóttir, Svanheiður Lóa; Audisio, Riccardo A; 1 Oncoplastic Breast Surgery, Department of Surgery, Landspitali University Hospital, 13-A Hringbraut, IS-101, Reykjavik, Iceland; Department of Surgery, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Blå Stråket 5, 413 45, Göteborg, Sweden. Electronic address: svanhra@landspitali.is. 2 Department of Surgery, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Blå Stråket 5, 413 45, Göteborg, Sweden. Electronic address: raudisio@doctors.org.uk. (Elsevier, 2018-01-01)
      Strict criteria to identify Inflammatory Breast Cancer (IBC) have been made available - these are based on pathological as well as clinical observations. It is mandatory to confirm the criteria used in any further report. Scientific evidence accumulated so far is confusing, and unclear therefore no hard conclusion can be drawn from the available literature on the management of IBC. The advent of new medications results into an up-to-date management and different outcomes. It is mandatory to follow these criteria if reliable guidelines are to be made available in the next future.
    • International comparisons and holistic patient care.

      Zeitlin, J; Durox, M; Macfarlane, A; Alexander, S; Heller, G; Loghi, M; Nijhuis, J; Sól Ólafsdóttir, H; Mierzejewska, E; Gissler, M; et al. (Wiley, 2021-06-05)
    • Introducing the ReDO-TM programme and the ValMO-model in the Icelandic context

      Erlandsson, Lena-Karin; Halmstad University Sweden (Iðjuþjálfafélag Íslands, 2019)
    • The LIMD1 protein bridges an association between the prolyl hydroxylases and VHL to repress HIF-1 activity.

      Foxler, Daniel E; Bridge, Katherine S; James, Victoria; Webb, Thomas M; Mee, Maureen; Wong, Sybil C K; Feng, Yunfeng; Constantin-Teodosiu, Dumitru; Petursdottir, Thorgunnur Eyfjord; Bjornsson, Johannes; et al. (2012-02)
      There are three prolyl hydroxylases (PHD1, 2 and 3) that regulate the hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs), the master transcriptional regulators that respond to changes in intracellular O(2) tension. In high O(2) tension (normoxia) the PHDs hydroxylate two conserved proline residues on HIF-1α, which leads to binding of the von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) tumour suppressor, the recognition component of a ubiquitin-ligase complex, initiating HIF-1α ubiquitylation and degradation. However, it is not known whether PHDs and VHL act separately to exert their enzymatic activities on HIF-1α or as a multiprotein complex. Here we show that the tumour suppressor protein LIMD1 (LIM domain-containing protein) acts as a molecular scaffold, simultaneously binding the PHDs and VHL, thereby assembling a PHD-LIMD1-VHL protein complex and creating an enzymatic niche that enables efficient degradation of HIF-1α. Depletion of endogenous LIMD1 increases HIF-1α levels and transcriptional activity in both normoxia and hypoxia. Conversely, LIMD1 expression downregulates HIF-1 transcriptional activity in a manner depending on PHD and 26S proteasome activities. LIMD1 family member proteins Ajuba and WTIP also bind to VHL and PHDs 1 and 3, indicating that these LIM domain-containing proteins represent a previously unrecognized group of hypoxic regulators.
    • Long-term Outcome of Implantable Cardioverter/Defibrillator Lead Failure.

      Davidsson, Gustav Arnar; Jonsdottir, Gudlaug M; Oddsson, Hjortur; Lund, Sigrun H; Arnar, David O; 1Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland. 2Landspitali-The National University Hospital of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland. (American Medical Association, 2019-12-20)
      This study compares outcomes of a recalled implantable cardioverter/defibrillator lead with a control lead in individuals in Iceland.
    • Low aspirin use and high prevalence of pre-eclampsia risk factors among pregnant women in a multinational SLE inception cohort.

      Mendel, Arielle; Bernatsky, Sasha B; Hanly, John G; Urowitz, Murray B; Clarke, Ann Elaine; Romero-Diaz, Juanita; Gordon, Caroline; Bae, Sang-Cheol; Wallace, Daniel J; Merrill, Joan T; et al. (BMJ Publishing Group, 2019-07)
    • No transmission of SARS-CoV-2 to 23 healthcare professionals involved in advanced life support of COVID-19 patient - association with low viral RNA in respiratory specimens.

      Ingason, Arnar B; Jóhannesson, Jón M; Halldórsson, Jón T; Júlíusson, Unnsteinn I; Halldórsdóttir, Áslaug; Böðvarsson, Ásgeir; 1Husavik Hospital and Health Care Center, Husavik, Iceland. 2University of Iceland, Faculty of Medicine, Iceland. 3Department of Internal Medicine, Landspitali University Hospital, Iceland. 4Akureyri Primary Health Care Center, Akureyri, Iceland. (Taylor & Francis, 2020-08-21)
    • One-way endobronchial valve for bronchopleural fistula after necrotizing pneumonia.

      Gudbjartsson, Tomas; Helgadottir, Solveig; Ek, Lars (Chen Yuan, Republic of Singapore : Asia Pub. EXchange,, 2013-08)
    • Port-site Metastases After Robot-assisted Radical Cystectomy: Is There a Publication Bias?

      Jancke, Georg; Aljabery, Firas; Gudjonsson, Sigurdur; Hosseini, Abolfazl; Sörenby, Anne; Wiklund, Peter; Liedberg, Fredrik; [ 1 ] Skane Univ Hosp, Dept Urol, Jan Waldenstroms Gata 7, SE-20502 Malmo, Sweden Show more [ 2 ] Lund Univ, Dept Translat Med, Malmo, Sweden Show more [ 3 ] Linkoping Univ Hosp, Dept Urol, Linkoping, Sweden Show more [ 4 ] Landspitali Univ Hosp, Dept Urol, Reykjavik, Iceland Show more [ 5 ] Karolinska Univ Hosp, Dept Urol, Stockholm, Sweden (Elsevier Science, 2018-04)
    • Prevalence and outcome of gastrointestinal bleeding and use of acid suppressants in acutely ill adult intensive care patients.

      Krag, Mette; Perner, Anders; Wetterslev, Jørn; Wise, Matt P; Borthwick, Mark; Bendel, Stepani; McArthur, Colin; Cook, Deborah; Nielsen, Niklas; Pelosi, Paolo; et al. (Springer, 2015-05)
      To describe the prevalence of, risk factors for, and prognostic importance of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding and use of acid suppressants in acutely ill adult intensive care patients.
    • Prevalence, admission rates and hypoxia due to COVID-19 in patients with rheumatic disorders treated with targeted synthetic or biologic disease modifying antirheumatic drugs or methotrexate: a nationwide study from Iceland.

      Bjornsson, Aron Hjalti; Grondal, Gerdur; Kristjansson, Mar; Jonsdottir, Thorunn; Love, Thorvardur Jon; Gudbjornsson, Bjorn; 1Medicine, National University Hospital of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland aronh@landspitali.is. 2Faculty of Medicine, University of Iceland School of Health Sciences, Reykjavik, Iceland. 3Rheumatology, National University Hospital of Iceland, Reykjavik, Capital, Iceland. 4Medicine, National University Hospital of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland. 5Rheumatology, Landspítali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland. 6Centre for Rheumatology Research, National University Hospital of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland. (BMJ Publishing Group, 2021-01-05)
    • The Process of Writing When English is Your Second Language

      Svavarsdottir, Erla Kolbrún; Faculty of Nursing, School of Health Sciences, University of Iceland (UI) and at Landspitali University Hospital (LUH) (Wiley-Blackwell, 2016-10)
    • Reply to Deepansh Dalela, Isaac Palma-Zamora, and Craig Rogers' Letter to the Editor re: Fredrick Leidberg, Petter Kollberg, Marie Allerbo, et al. Preventing Parastomal Hernia After Ileal Conduit by the Use of a Prophylactic Mesh: A Randomised Study. Eur Urol 2020;78:757-63.

      Liedberg, Fredrik; Kollberg, Petter; Allerbo, Marie; Baseckas, Gediminas; Brändstedt, Johan; Gudjonsson, Sigurdur; Hagberg, Oskar; Håkansson, Ulf; Jerlström, Tomas; Löfgren, Annica; et al. (Elsevier, 2021-01-25)
    • Scandinavian clinical practice guideline on fluid and drug therapy in adults with acute respiratory distress syndrome.

      Claesson, J; Freundlich, M; Gunnarsson, I; Laake, J H; M?ller, M H; Vandvik, P O; Varpula, T; Aasmundstad, T A; [ 1 ] Umea Univ, Anaesthesiol & Intens Care Med, Umea, Sweden [ 2 ] Univ Hosp Umea, Umea, Sweden [ 3 ] Aalborg Univ Hosp, Anaesthesiol, Aalborg, Denmark [ 4 ] Landspitali Univ Hosp, Anaesthesiol & Intens Care Med, Reykjavik, Iceland ??Organization-Enhanced Name(s) ???? Landspitali National University Hospital [ 5 ] Oslo Univ Hosp, Div Crit Care, Anaesthesiol, Oslo, Norway [ 6 ] Rigshosp, Copenhagen Univ Hosp, Intens Care 4131, Copenhagen, Denmark [ 7 ] Innlandet Hosp Trust Div Gjovik, Med, Gjovik, Norway [ 8 ] Norwegian Knowledge Ctr Hlth Serv, Oslo, Norway [ 9 ] Helsinki Univ Hosp, Intens Care Med, Helsinki, Finland (Wiley-Blackwell, 2016-07)
      The objective of the Scandinavian Society of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine (SSAI) task force on fluid and drug therapy in adults with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) was to provide clinically relevant, evidence-based treatment recommendations according to standards for trustworthy guidelines.
    • A selective deficit for reading vowels in a letter-by-letter reader

      Jonsdottir, M K (Sveriges neuropsykologers förening, 2004-11)
      BM, a patient with fluent aphasia and severe alexia without agraphia is presented. He manifests a clear word length effect which is the hallmark of letter-by-letter reading. However, this letter-by-letter reader comes with an unusual twist, namely a selective difficulty in reading vowels, both in words and non-words. BM´s reading was not influenced by word class, imageability or word frequency. Only one other similar case is known in the literature.
    • Self-reported exposure to traffic pollution in relation to daytime sleepiness and habitual snoring: a questionnaire study in seven North-European cities.

      Gislason, Thorarinn; Bertelsen, Randi J; Real, Francisco Gomez; Sigsgaard, Torben; Franklin, Karl A; Lindberg, Eva; Janson, Christer; Arnardottir, Erna Sif; Hellgren, Johan; Benediktsdottir, Bryndis; et al. (Elsevier Science, 2016-08)
      Little is known about associations between traffic exposure and sleep disturbances. We examined if self-reported exposure to traffic is associated with habitual snoring and daytime sleepiness in a general population.
    • Studying associations between variants in TRAF1-C5 and TNFAIP3-OLIG3 and the progression of joint destruction in rheumatoid arthritis in multiple cohorts.

      Knevel, R; de Rooy, D P; Gregersen, P K; Lindqvist, E; Wilson, A G; Gröndal, G; Zhernakova, A; van Nies, J A; Toes, R E; Tsonaka, R; et al. (2012-10)
    • T cell receptor gene therapy targeting WT1 prevents acute myeloid leukemia relapse post-transplant.

      Chapuis, Aude G; Egan, Daniel N; Bar, Merav; Schmitt, Thomas M; McAfee, Megan S; Paulson, Kelly G; Voillet, Valentin; Gottardo, Raphael; Ragnarsson, Gunnar B; Bleakley, Marie; et al. (Nature Publishing Group, 2019-07)
      Relapse after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is the leading cause of death in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) entering HCT with poor-risk features1-3. When HCT does produce prolonged relapse-free survival, it commonly reflects graft-versus-leukemia effects mediated by donor T cells reactive with antigens on leukemic cells4. As graft T cells have not been selected for leukemia specificity and frequently recognize proteins expressed by many normal host tissues, graft-versus-leukemia effects are often accompanied by morbidity and mortality from graft-versus-host disease5. Thus, AML relapse risk might be more effectively reduced with T cells expressing receptors (TCRs) that target selected AML antigens6. We therefore isolated a high-affinity Wilms' Tumor Antigen 1-specific TCR (TCRC4) from HLA-A2+ normal donor repertoires, inserted TCRC4 into Epstein-Bar virus-specific donor CD8+ T cells (TTCR-C4) to minimize graft-versus-host disease risk and enhance transferred T cell survival7,8, and infused these cells prophylactically post-HCT into 12 patients ( NCT01640301 ). Relapse-free survival was 100% at a median of 44 months following infusion, while a concurrent comparative group of 88 patients with similar risk AML had 54% relapse-free survival (P = 0.002). TTCR-C4 maintained TCRC4 expression, persisted long-term and were polyfunctional. This strategy appears promising for preventing AML recurrence in individuals at increased risk of post-HCT relapse.