The lifetime prevalence of anxiety disorders in Iceland as estimated by the US National Institute of Mental Health Diagnostic Interview Schedule
Cast your vote
You can rate an item by clicking the amount of stars they wish to award to this item.
When enough users have cast their vote on this item, the average rating will also be shown.
Your vote was cast
Thank you for your feedback
Thank you for your feedback
MetadataShow full item record
CitationActa Psychiatr Scand. 1993, 88(1):29-34
AbstractThe lifetime prevalence of anxiety disorders was estimated in a study of the prevalence of mental disorders in Iceland. The survey instrument was an Icelandic translation of the US National Institute of Mental Health Diagnostic Interview Schedule. The cohort consisted of one half of those born in the year 1931. The participation rate was 79.3%. The overall prevalence of anxiety disorders was 44%, with phobia effecting 18%. The most common anxiety disorder was generalized anxiety, which had a prevalence of 22% and was more common among women. Simple phobia was the most common of the phobic disorders (8.8%), followed by agoraphobia without panic (3.8%), and social phobia (3.5%). The female-male ratio for anxiety disorders was 2:1. Of those with simple phobia, the most common items were a fear of heights (41%); claustrophobia (34%); being on public transportation (31%); the fear of being in crowds and speaking in front of others (28%); of being alone (24%); of insects (22%); of bad weather (21%); and of being in water (aquaphobia) (20%). In addition, 17% of the respondents listed phobias not cited in the DSM-III, and of those with the most common phobic disorder, only 9% had consulted a physician because of this condition. Post-traumatic stress disorder was found to affect women exclusively. Comorbidity shows a mean of at least 3 additional diagnoses.
DescriptionTo access publisher full text version of this article. Please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links field
- Frequency, comorbidity, and psychosocial impairment of anxiety disorders in German adolescents.
- Authors: Essau CA, Conradt J, Petermann F
- Issue date: 2000 May-Jun
- A Lifetime Prevalence of Comorbidity Between Bipolar Affective Disorder and Anxiety Disorders: A Meta-analysis of 52 Interview-based Studies of Psychiatric Population.
- Authors: Nabavi B, Mitchell AJ, Nutt D
- Issue date: 2015 Oct
- Characterizing non-OCD anxiety disorders in psychiatrically referred children and adolescents.
- Authors: Hammerness P, Harpold T, Petty C, Menard C, Zar-Kessler C, Biederman J
- Issue date: 2008 Jan
- How common are common mental disorders? Evidence that lifetime prevalence rates are doubled by prospective versus retrospective ascertainment.
- Authors: Moffitt TE, Caspi A, Taylor A, Kokaua J, Milne BJ, Polanczyk G, Poulton R
- Issue date: 2010 Jun
- Simple phobia as a comorbid anxiety disorder.
- Authors: Goisman RM, Allsworth J, Rogers MP, Warshaw MG, Goldenberg I, Vasile RG, Rodriguez-Villa F, Mallya G, Keller MB
- Issue date: 1998