Tengsl þunglyndiseinkenna og foreldrastreitu við þriggja mánaða aldur barns við heilsufar, félagslegra stöðu og líðan kvenna á meðgöngu
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Other TitlesThe link between post-partum depression syndrome, parental stress and physical health, psychosocial situation and emotional health of pregnantwomen
CitationLjósmæðrablaðið 2007, 85(1):17-27
AbstractIn this article results from a study which was conducted at the service area of the Akureyri Health Care Service (AHCS) will be discussed. The purpose of the study was to analyse health and psychosocial issues screened during pregnancy and their links to post-partum depression (PPD) and parental stress. At child’s three months, well baby checkup its mother was asked to participate in the study. The participants answered; 1) demographic data, 2) Edinburgh Post-partum Depression Scale (EPDS) and 3) Parents Stress Index / Short Form questionnaire (PSI/ SF). This information was then compared with information available from the mothers pregnancy which had be used to assess the level of care needed during pregnancy and childrearing. This information was regarding; psychosocial situation; physical- and emotional health; psychosocial background and the mothers up-bringing. Of the 152 women who, agreed to participate in the study, prenatal results were available for 99. The scores of the post partum EPDS between these women and the whole group were not significantly different; 16.2% vs. 15.8%. The frequency of parental stress (> 75 scores on PSI/SF) on the other hand showed that the group who was screened during pregnancy, scored much less, 12.1% vs. 26.5% than the women who were not screened. The issues with significant positive correlation SM<0, 05 (symmetric measures) regarding PPD were: less than optimal health; history of psychiatric problems and history of emotional problems. Other issues that significantly (SM<0, 05) increases the likelihood of PPD is: living with parents or in-laws; smoking during pregnancy; or express worries regarding financial - housing or work condition. Results of the PSI / SF questionnaire showed that women scored significantly higher if they reported insufficient support from their psychosocial surroundings. The same is the fact if the mother expresses worries regarding financial -housing or work condition, or if alcoholic problem exists in the family. Significant parental stress is also seen among women who rapport sleeping difficulties during early pregnancy or women who have less than elementary education.
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