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dc.contributor.authorÍvar Snorrason
dc.contributor.authorÞröstur Björgvinsson
dc.date.accessioned2012-05-08T09:51:43Z
dc.date.available2012-05-08T09:51:43Z
dc.date.issued2012-03
dc.date.submitted2012-05-08
dc.identifier.citationLæknablaðið 2012, 98(3):155-62en_GB
dc.identifier.issn0023-7213
dc.identifier.pmid22450520
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/222393
dc.descriptionNeðst á síðunni er hægt að nálgast greinina í heild sinni með því að smella á hlekkinn View/Open Allur texti - Full texten_GB
dc.description.abstractHair pulling disorder (HPD; trichotillomania) is characterized by recurrent pulling of hair from the scalp, eyebrows or other parts of the body. Skin picking disorder (SPD) is closely related to HPD and involves re-current picking of the skin. Even though both HPD and SPD are relatively common and potentially severe disorders, health professionals typically know little about them. In the present article, we describe the clinical characteristics of these problems and provide diagnostic guidelines. We also discuss main treatment approaches (drug treatments and behavior therapy) and review research on their efficacy. Results show that behavior therapy (habit reversal) has consistently been shown to be effective, SSRIs seem not to work, but preliminary data suggest that other drugs (e.g. N-acetylcysteine) may benefit some patients.
dc.description.abstractHárplokkunarárátta (hair pulling disorder, trichotillomania) einkennist af síendurteknu hárplokki af höfði, augabrúnum eða annars staðar af líkamanum. Húðkroppunarárátta (skin picking disorder, pathological skin picking) er náskyld hárplokkunaráráttu og einkennist af endurteknu kroppi á húð. Jafnvel þótt bæði húðkroppunar- og hárplokkunarárátta séu tiltölulega algengar og í mörgum tilvikum alvarleg vandamál er þekking fagfólks á þeim oft afar takmörkuð. Í greininni lýsum við greiningarskilmerkjum og klínískum einkennum þessara kvilla og förum yfir helstu meðferðarúrræði og rannsóknir á árangri þeirra. Niðurstöður sýna að atferlismeðferð hefur iðulega sýnt góðan árangur, SSRI-lyfjameðferð virðist ekki gera gagn en annars konar lyf (til dæmis N-acetylcystín) lofa góðu.
dc.languageice
dc.language.isoisen
dc.publisherLæknafélag Íslands, Læknafélag Reykjavíkuren_GB
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.laeknabladid.isen_GB
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Læknablađiđen_GB
dc.subjectÁráttaen_GB
dc.subject.meshAcetylcysteineen_GB
dc.subject.meshBehavior Therapyen_GB
dc.subject.meshEvidence-Based Medicineen_GB
dc.subject.meshHabitsen_GB
dc.subject.meshHumansen_GB
dc.subject.meshPractice Guidelines as Topicen_GB
dc.subject.meshSelf-Injurious Behavioren_GB
dc.subject.meshSerotonin Uptake Inhibitorsen_GB
dc.subject.meshSkinen_GB
dc.subject.meshTreatment Outcomeen_GB
dc.subject.meshTrichotillomaniaen_GB
dc.titleGreining og meðferð hárplokkunar- og húðkroppunaráráttuis
dc.title.alternativeDiagnosis and treatment of hair pulling- and skin picking disorderen_GB
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Psychology University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, USA. Geðsvið McLeansjúkrahússins/ Læknadeild Harvard-háskóla.en_GB
dc.identifier.journalLæknablaðiðen_GB
refterms.dateFOA2018-09-12T12:24:23Z
html.description.abstractHair pulling disorder (HPD; trichotillomania) is characterized by recurrent pulling of hair from the scalp, eyebrows or other parts of the body. Skin picking disorder (SPD) is closely related to HPD and involves re-current picking of the skin. Even though both HPD and SPD are relatively common and potentially severe disorders, health professionals typically know little about them. In the present article, we describe the clinical characteristics of these problems and provide diagnostic guidelines. We also discuss main treatment approaches (drug treatments and behavior therapy) and review research on their efficacy. Results show that behavior therapy (habit reversal) has consistently been shown to be effective, SSRIs seem not to work, but preliminary data suggest that other drugs (e.g. N-acetylcysteine) may benefit some patients.
html.description.abstractHárplokkunarárátta (hair pulling disorder, trichotillomania) einkennist af síendurteknu hárplokki af höfði, augabrúnum eða annars staðar af líkamanum. Húðkroppunarárátta (skin picking disorder, pathological skin picking) er náskyld hárplokkunaráráttu og einkennist af endurteknu kroppi á húð. Jafnvel þótt bæði húðkroppunar- og hárplokkunarárátta séu tiltölulega algengar og í mörgum tilvikum alvarleg vandamál er þekking fagfólks á þeim oft afar takmörkuð. Í greininni lýsum við greiningarskilmerkjum og klínískum einkennum þessara kvilla og förum yfir helstu meðferðarúrræði og rannsóknir á árangri þeirra. Niðurstöður sýna að atferlismeðferð hefur iðulega sýnt góðan árangur, SSRI-lyfjameðferð virðist ekki gera gagn en annars konar lyf (til dæmis N-acetylcystín) lofa góðu.


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