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dc.contributor.authorKristjánsdóttir, Ólöf
dc.contributor.authorKristjánsdóttir, Guðrún
dc.date.accessioned2012-06-04T10:53:56Z
dc.date.available2012-06-04T10:53:56Z
dc.date.issued2011-03
dc.date.submitted2012-06-04
dc.identifier.citationScand. J. Caring Sci. 2011, 25(1):19-26en_GB
dc.identifier.issn1471-6712
dc.identifier.pmid20409050
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/j.1471-6712.2010.00784.x
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/227394
dc.descriptionTo access publisher full text version of this article. Please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links field.en_GB
dc.description.abstractDistraction has shown to be a helpful pain intervention for children; however, few investigations have studied the effectiveness of this method with adolescents. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of an easy and practical musical distraction in reducing adolescents' immunization pain. Furthermore, to examine whether musical distraction techniques (with or without headphones) used influenced the pain outcome. Hundred and eighteen 14-year-old adolescents, scheduled for polio immunization, participated. Adolescents were randomly assigned to one of three research groups; musical distraction with headphones (n=38), musical distraction without headphones (n=41) and standard care control (n=39). Results showed adolescents receiving musical distraction were less likely to report pain compared to the control group, controlling for covariates. Comparing musical distraction techniques, eliminating headphone emerged as a significant predictor of no pain. Results suggest that an easy and practical musical distraction intervention, implemented without headphones, can give some pain relief to adolescents during routine vaccination.
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherTaylor & Francisen_GB
dc.relation.urlhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1471-6712.2010.00784.xen_GB
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Scandinavian journal of caring sciencesen_GB
dc.subject.meshAdolescenten_GB
dc.subject.meshFemaleen_GB
dc.subject.meshHumansen_GB
dc.subject.meshImmunizationen_GB
dc.subject.meshMaleen_GB
dc.subject.meshMusic Therapyen_GB
dc.subject.meshPain Managementen_GB
dc.titleRandomized clinical trial of musical distraction with and without headphones for adolescents' immunization pain.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentDalhousie University and IWK Health Centre, Halifax, NS, Canada. ol939557@dal.caen_GB
dc.identifier.journalScandinavian journal of caring sciencesen_GB
html.description.abstractDistraction has shown to be a helpful pain intervention for children; however, few investigations have studied the effectiveness of this method with adolescents. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of an easy and practical musical distraction in reducing adolescents' immunization pain. Furthermore, to examine whether musical distraction techniques (with or without headphones) used influenced the pain outcome. Hundred and eighteen 14-year-old adolescents, scheduled for polio immunization, participated. Adolescents were randomly assigned to one of three research groups; musical distraction with headphones (n=38), musical distraction without headphones (n=41) and standard care control (n=39). Results showed adolescents receiving musical distraction were less likely to report pain compared to the control group, controlling for covariates. Comparing musical distraction techniques, eliminating headphone emerged as a significant predictor of no pain. Results suggest that an easy and practical musical distraction intervention, implemented without headphones, can give some pain relief to adolescents during routine vaccination.


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