Can risk factors for infectious illnesses in children at day care centres be identified?
Cast your vote
You can rate an item by clicking the amount of stars they wish to award to this item.
When enough users have cast their vote on this item, the average rating will also be shown.
Your vote was cast
Thank you for your feedback
Thank you for your feedback
MetadataShow full item record
CitationScand. J. Infect. Dis. 2012, 44(2):149-56
AbstractBACKGROUND: The risk factors for febrile, respiratory, and gastrointestinal illnesses in preschool children at day care centres have not been adequately identified and may differ between countries. METHODS: In this repeated cross-sectional and longitudinal study of children at day care centres, we analyzed various potential risk factors for infectious illnesses using a mixed effect hierarchical Poisson regression model. The results of the analyses and the incidence rates of these illnesses are reported herein. RESULTS: The study lasted 2.5 y (2000-2003) and was divided into five 6-month periods (seasons). Nine hundred and seventeen children participated, and their mean age within each season was 3.6-4.1 y. The only consistent risk factors identified were young age and winter season. No consistent risk factors at the day care centres (facilities or hygiene practices) were identified. The incidences of the febrile, respiratory, and gastrointestinal illnesses varied significantly between seasons (winter/summer) and between age groups. CONCLUSIONS: Risk factors of infectious illnesses are difficult to identify and because they may vary between countries, international recommendations on expensive intervention strategies are not justifiable. Rates of respiratory illnesses in Icelandic preschool children appear higher than in other countries, but rates of gastrointestinal illnesses lower.
DescriptionTo access publisher full text version of this article. Please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links field.
RightsArchived with thanks to Scandinavian journal of infectious diseases
- Does hygiene intervention at day care centres reduce infectious illnesses in children? An intervention cohort study.
- Authors: Gudnason T, Hrafnkelsson B, Laxdal B, Kristinsson KG
- Issue date: 2013 May
- Effects of short-term exposure to air pollution on hospital admissions of young children for acute lower respiratory infections in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
- Authors: HEI Collaborative Working Group on Air Pollution, Poverty, and Health in Ho Chi Minh City., Le TG, Ngo L, Mehta S, Do VD, Thach TQ, Vu XD, Nguyen DT, Cohen A
- Issue date: 2012 Jun
- Child care and common communicable illnesses in children aged 37 to 54 months.
- Authors: Bradley RH, National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Early Child Care Research Network.
- Issue date: 2003 Feb
- Group day care and the risk of serious infectious illnesses.
- Authors: Berg AT, Shapiro ED, Capobianco LA
- Issue date: 1991 Jan 15
- Child-care practices: effects of social change on the epidemiology of infectious diseases and antibiotic resistance.
- Authors: Holmes SJ, Morrow AL, Pickering LK
- Issue date: 1996