Dietary fish oil decreases the proportion of classical monocytes in blood in healthy mice but increases their proportion upon induction of inflammation.
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CitationJ. Nutr. 2012, 142(4):803-8
AbstractFish oil can have beneficial effects in health and disease. In healthy individuals, reduction of the inflammatory status may be of benefit, whereas in patients with systemic inflammation, such as sepsis, it is important to diminish the immunosuppression that is thought to contribute to poor outcome. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of dietary fish oil on monocytes/macrophages in blood, bone marrow, spleen, and peritoneum and chemokine concentrations in blood and peritoneum in healthy mice and mice with endotoxin-induced inflammation. Mice were fed a Western-type diet without fish oil (C) or with 2.8% fish oil (FO) for 6 wk and then either killed (healthy mice) or injected i.p. with endotoxin (LPS) and killed after 3, 8, 12, 24, or 48 h. Blood, bone marrow, spleen, and peritoneal lavage were collected. Expression of cell surface molecules and chemokine receptors was analyzed by flow cytometry and chemokine concentrations measured by ELISA. Healthy mice in the FO group had lower proportions of classical monocytes in blood than healthy mice in the C group. LPS administration increased the proportion of classical monocytes in blood in mice in the FO group but not in those in the C group. Healthy mice in the FO group had lower serum concentrations of CCL2 than mice in the C group, but in inflamed mice, CCL2 concentrations were higher in the FO group than in the C group. These results indicate that dietary fish oil can attenuate the inflammatory status in homeostasis but intensify the immune response upon inflammation.
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