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dc.contributor.authorThome, Marga
dc.contributor.authorSkuladottir, Arna
dc.date.accessioned2006-05-18T11:33:21Z
dc.date.available2006-05-18T11:33:21Z
dc.date.issued2005-06-01
dc.identifier.citationScand J Caring Sci 2005, 19(2):86-94en
dc.identifier.issn0283-9318
dc.identifier.pmid15877633
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/j.1471-6712.2005.00322.x
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/2828
dc.descriptionTo access publisher full text version of this article. Please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links fielden
dc.description.abstractThis article compares and describes changes in sleep problems in 3- to 5-year-old Icelandic children referred and unreferred for sleep problems in infancy and explores changes in parents' distress and the impact of children's sleep problems on families over time. The sample consisted of a clinical group (n = 31) that had been referred to a sleep-disorder clinic in infancy, and a comparative group (n = 150) of age-matched unreferred community children. Self-report scales assessed infant/child sleep pattern, the impact of the sleep problem on family life and parents' distress. Results showed that about half the children in the community group have had a sleep problem in infancy. Nightwakings improved in both the referred and unreferred group over time but remained more frequent in the unreferred group. The referred group had significantly more settling problems in infancy than the other group but settling improved markedly over time. Parents of referred children were more fatigued compared with others despite improvement of children's sleep problems over time. Mothers of referred children were however, less likely to perceive the sleep problem as troublesome for family life than the others. It is concluded that parents of referred children are more fatigued than parents of unreferred children and nightwakings are more likely to persist in children who had sleep problems in infancy than in those with no such problems.
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherBlackwell Publishingen
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.blackwell-synergy.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1471-6712.2005.00322.xen
dc.subjectStress, Psychologicalen
dc.subjectParentsen
dc.subjectCost of Illnessen
dc.subjectAttitude to Healthen
dc.subjectReferral and Consultationen
dc.subjectSleep Disordersen
dc.subjectBirth Orderen
dc.subjectAge Distributionen
dc.subjectFatigueen
dc.subjectDepressionen
dc.subjectPsychiatric Status Rating Scalesen
dc.subjectFamily Healthen
dc.subjectSeverity of Illness Indexen
dc.subjectSex Distributionen
dc.subjectChild, Preschoolen
dc.subjectInfanten
dc.subjectFemaleen
dc.subjectMaleen
dc.subjectTime Factorsen
dc.subjectCase-Control Studiesen
dc.subjectCross-Sectional Studiesen
dc.subjectIceland/epidemiologyen
dc.subjectQuestionnairesen
dc.subjectRegistriesen
dc.titleChanges in sleep problems, parents distress and impact of sleep problems from infancy to preschool age for referred and unreferred childrenen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.journalScandinavian journal of caring sciencesen
dc.format.digYES
html.description.abstractThis article compares and describes changes in sleep problems in 3- to 5-year-old Icelandic children referred and unreferred for sleep problems in infancy and explores changes in parents' distress and the impact of children's sleep problems on families over time. The sample consisted of a clinical group (n = 31) that had been referred to a sleep-disorder clinic in infancy, and a comparative group (n = 150) of age-matched unreferred community children. Self-report scales assessed infant/child sleep pattern, the impact of the sleep problem on family life and parents' distress. Results showed that about half the children in the community group have had a sleep problem in infancy. Nightwakings improved in both the referred and unreferred group over time but remained more frequent in the unreferred group. The referred group had significantly more settling problems in infancy than the other group but settling improved markedly over time. Parents of referred children were more fatigued compared with others despite improvement of children's sleep problems over time. Mothers of referred children were however, less likely to perceive the sleep problem as troublesome for family life than the others. It is concluded that parents of referred children are more fatigued than parents of unreferred children and nightwakings are more likely to persist in children who had sleep problems in infancy than in those with no such problems.


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