Health effects following the Eyjafjallajokull volcanic eruption: a cohort study.
Cast your vote
You can rate an item by clicking the amount of stars they wish to award to this item.
When enough users have cast their vote on this item, the average rating will also be shown.
Your vote was cast
Thank you for your feedback
Thank you for your feedback
AuthorsCarlsen, Hanne Krage
Valdimarsdottir, Unnur Anna
Finnbjornsdottir, Ragnhildur Gudrun
Kolbeinsson, Thorir Björn
MetadataShow full item record
CitationBMJ Open 2012, 2(6):
AbstractThe study aimed to determine whether exposure to a volcanic eruption was associated with increased prevalence of physical and/or mental symptoms. Cohort, with non-exposed control group. Natural disasters like volcanic eruptions constitute a major public-health threat. The Icelandic volcano Eyjafjallajökull exposed residents in southern Iceland to continuous ash fall for more than 5 weeks in spring 2010. This study was conducted during November 2010-March 2011, 6-9 months after the Eyjafjallajökull eruption. Adult (18-80 years of age) eruption-exposed South Icelanders (N=1148) and a control population of residents of Skagafjörður, North Iceland (N=510). The participation rate was 72%. Physical symptoms in the previous year (chronic), in the previous month (recent), General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) measured psychological morbidity. The likelihood of having symptoms during the last month was higher in the exposed population, such as; tightness in the chest (OR 2.5; 95% CI 1.1 to 5.8), cough (OR 2.6; 95% CI 1.7 to 3.9), phlegm (OR 2.1; 95% CI 1.3 to 3.2), eye irritation (OR 2.9; 95% CI 2.0 to 4.1) and psychological morbidity symptoms (OR 1.3; 95% CI 1.0 to 1.7). Respiratory symptoms during the last 12 months were also more common in the exposed population; cough (OR 2.2; 95% CI 1.6 to 2.9), dyspnoea (OR 1.6; 95% CI 1.1 to 2.3), although the prevalence of underlying asthma and heart disease was similar. Twice as many in the exposed population had two or more symptoms from nose, eyes or upper-respiratory tract (24% vs 13%, p<0.001); these individuals were also more likely to experience psychological morbidity (OR 4.7; 95% CI 3.4 to 6.5) compared with individuals with no symptoms. Most symptoms exhibited a dose-response pattern within the exposed population, corresponding to low, medium and high exposure to the eruption. 6-9 months after the Eyjafjallajökull eruption, residents living in the exposed area, particularly those closest to the volcano, had markedly increased prevalence of various physical symptoms. A portion of the exposed population reported multiple symptoms and may be at risk for long-term physical and psychological morbidity. Studies of long-term consequences are therefore warranted.
RightsArchived with thanks to BMJ open
- Long-term health effects of the Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption: a prospective cohort study in 2010 and 2013.
- Authors: Hlodversdottir H, Petursdottir G, Carlsen HK, Gislason T, Hauksdottir A
- Issue date: 2016 Sep 8
- Mental health effects following the eruption in Eyjafjallajökull volcano in Iceland: A population-based study.
- Authors: Gissurardóttir ÓS, Hlodversdóttir H, Thordardóttir EB, Pétursdóttir G, Hauksdóttir A
- Issue date: 2019 Mar
- A survey of early health effects of the Eyjafjallajokull 2010 eruption in Iceland: a population-based study.
- Authors: Carlsen HK, Gislason T, Benediktsdottir B, Kolbeinsson TB, Hauksdottir A, Thorsteinsson T, Briem H
- Issue date: 2012
- Long-term health of children following the Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruption: a prospective cohort study.
- Authors: Hlodversdottir H, Thorsteinsdottir H, Thordardottir EB, Njardvik U, Petursdottir G, Hauksdottir A
- Issue date: 2018
- Physicochemical and toxicological profiling of ash from the 2010 and 2011 eruptions of Eyjafjallajökull and Grímsvötn volcanoes, Iceland using a rapid respiratory hazard assessment protocol.
- Authors: Horwell CJ, Baxter PJ, Hillman SE, Calkins JA, Damby DE, Delmelle P, Donaldson K, Dunster C, Fubini B, Kelly FJ, Le Blond JS, Livi KJ, Murphy F, Nattrass C, Sweeney S, Tetley TD, Thordarson T, Tomatis M
- Issue date: 2013 Nov