Cast your vote
You can rate an item by clicking the amount of stars they wish to award to this item.
When enough users have cast their vote on this item, the average rating will also be shown.
Your vote was cast
Thank you for your feedback
Thank you for your feedback
AuthorsFinnbogadóttir, Anna Freyja
Lúðvíksson, Björn Rúnar
MetadataShow full item record
CitationPediatr Allergy Immunol 2012, 23(2):181-5
AbstractAllergic disorders are an increasing health problem in many countries, in particular among children. We have evaluated the prevalence and manifestations of allergy in a cohort of young Icelanders for more than two decades. Variations in the epidemiology and clinical expression of allergy in different communities may help to identify etiological factors contributing to these disorders. A cohort of 179 children has been monitored for allergic manifestations for two decades, at the ages of two, four, eight, and 15 years, and most recently at the age of 21 years involving 120 of the participants. Cumulative prevalences of 40%, 45%, and 29% have been observed, respectively, for rhinoconjunctivitis, eczema, and asthma during the study period. None had developed rhinoconjunctivitis at the age of about 2 years, but the point prevalence gradually increased to 33% at the age of 21 years. Conversely, the prevalence of eczema was 31% at the age of 2 years, but gradually declined to 8% at the age of 21 years. The prevalence of asthma peaked at 28% at the age of 4 years, but declined thereafter and has remained stable at about 13% from the age of eight to 21 years. The prevalence of allergic diseases is high in Iceland among children and young individuals. Asthma and atopic eczema are very common in childhood, but decreases with age while the prevalence of rhinoconjunctivitis increases markedly. The very high and increasing prevalence of rhinoconjunctivitis among 15- to 21-year-old individuals is noteworthy.
RightsArchived with thanks to Pediatric allergy and immunology : official publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology
- [Prevalence of symptoms of asthma, allergic rhinitis, conjunctivitis and atopic eczema: ISAAC (International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood) in a population of schoolchildren in Zagreb].
- Authors: Stipić-Marković A, Pevec B, Pevec MR, Custović A
- Issue date: 2003
- Prevention of allergic disease in childhood: clinical and epidemiological aspects of primary and secondary allergy prevention.
- Authors: Halken S
- Issue date: 2004 Jun
- Prevalence of asthma, rhinitis and eczema in children from the Bangkok area using the ISAAC (International Study for Asthma and Allergy in Children) questionnaires.
- Authors: Vichyanond P, Jirapongsananuruk O, Visitsuntorn N, Tuchinda M
- Issue date: 1998 Mar
- The prevalence of allergic diseases in an unselected group of 6-year-old children. The DARC birth cohort study.
- Authors: Kjaer HF, Eller E, Høst A, Andersen KE, Bindslev-Jensen C
- Issue date: 2008 Dec
- Breast milk fatty acids and allergic disease in preschool children: the Prevention and Incidence of Asthma and Mite Allergy birth cohort study.
- Authors: Wijga AH, van Houwelingen AC, Kerkhof M, Tabak C, de Jongste JC, Gerritsen J, Boshuizen H, Brunekreef B, Smit HA
- Issue date: 2006 Feb