Interrogative suggestibility, compliance and false confessions among prisoners and their relationship with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms
Cast your vote
You can rate an item by clicking the amount of stars they wish to award to this item.
When enough users have cast their vote on this item, the average rating will also be shown.
Your vote was cast
Thank you for your feedback
Thank you for your feedback
MetadataShow full item record
CitationPsychol Med. 2008, 38(7):1037-44
AbstractBACKGROUND: Interrogative suggestibility and compliance are important psychological vulnerabilities during interrogation. The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship of suggestibility and compliance with childhood and current symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Compliance has not been studied previously in relation to ADHD. A further aim was to investigate the relationship between ADHD and the reporting of having made a false confession to the police.MethodThe participants were 90 male prisoners, all of whom had completed the Gudjonsson Suggestibility and Compliance Scales (GSS and GCS) within 10 days of admission to the prison. Childhood ADHD symptoms were screened by the Wender Utah Rating Scale (WURS) and current adult symptoms by the DSM-IV Checklist criteria for ADHD. RESULTS: Half of the prisoners (50%) were found on screening to meet criteria for ADHD in childhood and, of those, over half (60%) were either fully symptomatic or in partial remission of their symptoms. ADHD symptoms were found to be significantly associated with compliance, but not with suggestibility. The relationship with compliance was stronger (effect size) in relation to current than childhood symptoms. The ADHD symptomatic groups were significantly more likely to claim that they had made a false confession to the police in the past. CONCLUSIONS: The findings raise important questions about the potential vulnerability of adults with ADHD symptoms in terms of their ability to cope with interrogation.
DescriptionTo access publisher full text version of this article. Please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links field
- Screening for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and co-morbid mental disorders among prison inmates.
- Authors: Einarsson E, Sigurdsson JF, Gudjonsson GH, Newton AK, Bragason OO
- Issue date: 2009
- Self-reported childhood attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms are not specific to the disorder.
- Authors: Suhr J, Zimak E, Buelow M, Fox L
- Issue date: 2009 May-Jun
- [Utility of the Wender-Utah rating scale and the checklists for the diagnosis of familial attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in adults. Convergent and concurrent validities].
- Authors: Pineda DA, Trujillo-Orrego N, Aguirre-Acevedo DC, Arango CP, Hincapié-Henao L, Montoya-Arenas DA, Lopera F, Pineda-Alvarez DE, Arcos-Burgos M, Muenke M
- Issue date: 2010 Feb 16-28
- Childhood attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder in adults with anxiety disorders.
- Authors: Mancini C, Van Ameringen M, Oakman JM, Figueiredo D
- Issue date: 1999 May
- Association of Parkinson's disease with symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in childhood.
- Authors: Walitza S, Melfsen S, Herhaus G, Scheuerpflug P, Warnke A, Müller T, Lange KW, Gerlach M
- Issue date: 2007