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dc.contributor.authorKarl Andersen
dc.contributor.authorVilmundur Guðnason
dc.date.accessioned2013-10-01T15:03:25Z
dc.date.available2013-10-01T15:03:25Z
dc.date.issued2013-03
dc.date.submitted2013-10-01
dc.identifier.citationLæknablaðið 2013, 99(3):129-34en_GB
dc.identifier.issn0023-7213
dc.identifier.pmid23486685
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/302569
dc.description.abstractLangvinnir sjúkdómar eru algengasta orsök ótímabærra dauðsfalla í heiminum og helsta ógn samtímans við efnahagslega og félagslega framþróun á þessari öld.1,2 Þessir sjúkdómar eiga rót í óheilbrigðum lífsstíl, svo sem reykingum, óhollu mataræði, hreyfingarleysi og ofneyslu áfengis.3 Þetta leiðir til háþrýstings, offitu, sykursýki og langvinnrar lungnateppu svo dæmi séu tekin. Sýnt hefur verið fram á að með lýðgrunduðum inngripum má draga verulega úr helstu áhættuþáttum langvinnra sjúkdóma meðal þjóðarinnar.4 Til þess þarf markvissa stefnumörkun sem tekur mið af þeim vísindalegu rökum sem fyrir liggja. Þannig má draga úr ótímabærum dauðsföllum og veikindum af völdum þessara sjúkdóma.
dc.description.abstractChronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are currently the main cause of premature death and disability in the world. Most of these NCDs are due to unhealthy lifestyle choices i.e. tobacco, unhealthy diet, lack of physical exercise and alcohol consumption. Studies have shown that health policy interventions aiming at improving diet and physical activity and reducing tobacco consumption are inexpensive, effective and cost saving. In this paper we address the political health policy interventions that have been shown to improve public health. We discuss some of the theories of behavioral economics which explain the processes involved in our every-day choices regarding lifestyle and diet.
dc.languageice
dc.language.isoisen
dc.publisherLæknafélag Íslands, Læknafélag Reykjavíkuren_GB
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.laeknabladid.isen_GB
dc.rightsopenAccessen_GB
dc.subjectÁfengisneyslaen_GB
dc.subjectSjúkdómaren_GB
dc.subjectHeilbrigðisþjónustaen_GB
dc.subjectKostnaðuren_GB
dc.subjectMataræðien_GB
dc.subjectHreyfingen_GB
dc.subjectReykingaren_GB
dc.subjectÁhættuþættiren_GB
dc.subjectForvarniren_GB
dc.subjectStefnumótunen_GB
dc.subjectKostnaðuren_GB
dc.subject.meshAlcohol Drinking/epidemiologyen_GB
dc.subject.meshCardiovascular Diseases/diagnosisen_GB
dc.subject.meshChronic Diseaseen_GB
dc.subject.meshCost Savingsen_GB
dc.subject.meshCost-Benefit Analysisen_GB
dc.subject.meshDelivery of Health Care/economicsen_GB
dc.subject.meshDiet/adverse effectsen_GB
dc.subject.meshExerciseen_GB
dc.subject.meshHealth Care Costsen_GB
dc.subject.meshHealth Policy*/economicsen_GB
dc.subject.meshHealth Promotion/legislation & jurisprudenceen_GB
dc.subject.meshHumansen_GB
dc.subject.meshPolicy Making*en_GB
dc.subject.meshPreventive Health Services/economicsen_GB
dc.subject.meshRisk Factorsen_GB
dc.subject.meshRisk Reduction Behavior*en_GB
dc.subject.meshSmoking/adverse effectsen_GB
dc.subject.meshSmoking Cessationen_GB
dc.subject.meshAlcohol Drinking/prevention & controlen
dc.subject.meshCardiovascular Diseases/economicsen
dc.subject.meshCardiovascular Diseases/epidemiologyen
dc.subject.meshCardiovascular Diseases/mortalityen
dc.subject.meshCardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control*en
dc.subject.meshDelivery of Health Care/legislation & jurisprudence*en
dc.subject.meshPreventive Health Services/legislation & jurisprudence*en
dc.subject.meshSmoking/prevention & controlen
dc.titleStefnumörkun í heilbrigðismálum: leiðin til lýðheilsu.is
dc.title.alternativeHealth policy interventions: the pathway to public health.en_GB
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentLæknadeild Háskóla Íslands, Hjartarannsókn og á Landspítala, læknadeild HÍ og Rannsóknarstöð Hjartaverndaren_GB
dc.identifier.journalLæknablaðiðen_GB
dc.rights.accessOpen Accessen
refterms.dateFOA2018-09-12T12:51:32Z
html.description.abstractLangvinnir sjúkdómar eru algengasta orsök ótímabærra dauðsfalla í heiminum og helsta ógn samtímans við efnahagslega og félagslega framþróun á þessari öld.1,2 Þessir sjúkdómar eiga rót í óheilbrigðum lífsstíl, svo sem reykingum, óhollu mataræði, hreyfingarleysi og ofneyslu áfengis.3 Þetta leiðir til háþrýstings, offitu, sykursýki og langvinnrar lungnateppu svo dæmi séu tekin. Sýnt hefur verið fram á að með lýðgrunduðum inngripum má draga verulega úr helstu áhættuþáttum langvinnra sjúkdóma meðal þjóðarinnar.4 Til þess þarf markvissa stefnumörkun sem tekur mið af þeim vísindalegu rökum sem fyrir liggja. Þannig má draga úr ótímabærum dauðsföllum og veikindum af völdum þessara sjúkdóma.
html.description.abstractChronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are currently the main cause of premature death and disability in the world. Most of these NCDs are due to unhealthy lifestyle choices i.e. tobacco, unhealthy diet, lack of physical exercise and alcohol consumption. Studies have shown that health policy interventions aiming at improving diet and physical activity and reducing tobacco consumption are inexpensive, effective and cost saving. In this paper we address the political health policy interventions that have been shown to improve public health. We discuss some of the theories of behavioral economics which explain the processes involved in our every-day choices regarding lifestyle and diet.


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