Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorCarlsen, Hanne Krage
dc.contributor.authorForsberg, Bertil
dc.contributor.authorMeister, Kadri
dc.contributor.authorGíslason, Thorarinn
dc.contributor.authorOudin, Anna
dc.date.accessioned2014-02-12T14:33:29Z
dc.date.available2014-02-12T14:33:29Z
dc.date.issued2013
dc.date.submitted2013
dc.identifier.citationEnviron Health 2013, 12:28en
dc.identifier.issn1476-069X
dc.identifier.pmid23566138
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/1476-069X-12-28
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/312680
dc.descriptionTo access publisher's full text version of this article, please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links field or click on the hyperlink at the top of the page marked Files. This article is open access.en
dc.description.abstractAir pollution exposure is associated with hospital admissions and emergency room visits for cardiopulmonary disease and stroke. Iceland's capital area, Reykjavik, has generally low air pollution levels, but traffic and natural sources contribute to pollution levels. The objective of this study was to investigate temporal associations between emergency hospital visits and air pollutants ozone (O3), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and particulate matter (PM10) in the Icelandic capital area.
dc.description.abstractWe constructed a time series of the daily number of adults who visited the emergency room, or were acutely admitted for stroke or cardiorespiratory causes to Landspitali University Hospital 1 January 2003 - 31 December 2009 from the hospital in-patient register. We used generalized additive models assuming Poisson distribution, to analyze the daily emergency hospital visits as a function of the pollutant levels, and adjusted for meteorological variables, day of week, and time trend with splines.
dc.description.abstractDaily emergency hospital visits increased 3.9% (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.7-6.1%) per interquartile (IQR) change in average O3 the same and two previous days. For females, the increase was 7.8% (95% CI 3.6-12.1) for elderly (70+), the increase was 3.9% (95% CI 0.6-7.3%) per IQR increase of NO2. There were no associations with PM10.
dc.description.abstractWe found an increase in daily emergency hospital visits associated with O3, indicating that low-level exposure may trigger cardiopulmonary events or stroke.
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherBioMed Centralen
dc.relation.urlhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1476-069X-12-28en
dc.rightsopenAccessen
dc.subjectLoftmengunen
dc.subjectKransæðasjúkdómaren
dc.subjectUmhverfisáhrifen
dc.subjectHeilablóðfallen
dc.subject.meshAdulten
dc.subject.meshAgeden
dc.subject.meshAir Pollutantsen
dc.subject.meshCardiovascular Diseasesen
dc.subject.meshComorbidityen
dc.subject.meshEmergency Service, Hospitalen
dc.subject.meshEnvironmental Exposureen
dc.subject.meshEnvironmental Monitoringen
dc.subject.meshFemaleen
dc.subject.meshHospitalizationen
dc.subject.meshHumansen
dc.subject.meshIcelanden
dc.subject.meshIncidenceen
dc.subject.meshMaleen
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden
dc.subject.meshNitrogen Dioxideen
dc.subject.meshOzoneen
dc.subject.meshParticulate Matteren
dc.subject.meshPoisson Distributionen
dc.subject.meshRespiratory Tract Diseasesen
dc.subject.meshSeasonsen
dc.subject.meshStrokeen
dc.subject.meshTime Factorsen
dc.subject.meshUrban Healthen
dc.titleOzone is associated with cardiopulmonary and stroke emergency hospital visits in Reykjavík, Iceland 2003-2009.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniv Iceland, Ctr Publ Hlth, IS-101 Reykjavik, Iceland, Umea Univ, Dept Publ Hlth & Clin Med, S-90187 Umea, Sweden, Univ Gothenburg, Dept Publ Hlth & Clin Med, S-40530 Gothenburg, Sweden, Univ Iceland, Fac Med, IS-101 Reykjavik, Iceland, Landspitali Univ Hosp, Dept Allergy & Sleep E6, IS-108 Reykjavik, Icelanden
dc.identifier.journalEnvironmental health : a global access science sourceen
dc.rights.accessOpen Accessen
refterms.dateFOA2018-09-12T13:15:56Z
html.description.abstractAir pollution exposure is associated with hospital admissions and emergency room visits for cardiopulmonary disease and stroke. Iceland's capital area, Reykjavik, has generally low air pollution levels, but traffic and natural sources contribute to pollution levels. The objective of this study was to investigate temporal associations between emergency hospital visits and air pollutants ozone (O3), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and particulate matter (PM10) in the Icelandic capital area.
html.description.abstractWe constructed a time series of the daily number of adults who visited the emergency room, or were acutely admitted for stroke or cardiorespiratory causes to Landspitali University Hospital 1 January 2003 - 31 December 2009 from the hospital in-patient register. We used generalized additive models assuming Poisson distribution, to analyze the daily emergency hospital visits as a function of the pollutant levels, and adjusted for meteorological variables, day of week, and time trend with splines.
html.description.abstractDaily emergency hospital visits increased 3.9% (95% confidence interval (CI) 1.7-6.1%) per interquartile (IQR) change in average O3 the same and two previous days. For females, the increase was 7.8% (95% CI 3.6-12.1) for elderly (70+), the increase was 3.9% (95% CI 0.6-7.3%) per IQR increase of NO2. There were no associations with PM10.
html.description.abstractWe found an increase in daily emergency hospital visits associated with O3, indicating that low-level exposure may trigger cardiopulmonary events or stroke.


Files in this item

Thumbnail
Name:
1476-069X-12-28.pdf
Size:
800.2Kb
Format:
PDF

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record