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dc.contributor.authorForsum, Elisabet
dc.contributor.authorBrantsæter, Anne Lise
dc.contributor.authorOlafsdottir, Anna-Sigrid
dc.contributor.authorOlsen, Sjurdur F
dc.contributor.authorThorsdottir, Inga
dc.date.accessioned2014-08-06T11:43:15Z
dc.date.available2014-08-06T11:43:15Z
dc.date.issued2013
dc.date.submitted2013
dc.identifier.citationFood Nutr Res. 2013, 57:en
dc.identifier.issn1654-661X
dc.identifier.pmid23503117
dc.identifier.doi10.3402/fnr.v57i0.20522
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/324315
dc.descriptionTo access publisher's full text version of this article click on the hyperlink at the bottom of the pageen
dc.description.abstractThe prevalence of overweight and obesity in women has increased during the last decades. This is a serious concern since a high BMI before conception is an independent risk factor for many adverse outcomes of pregnancy. Therefore, dietary counseling, intended to stimulate weight loss in overweight and obese women prior to conception has recently been recommended. However, dieting with the purpose to lose weight may involve health risks for mother and offspring. We conducted a systematic literature review to identify papers investigating the effects of weight loss due to dietary interventions before conception. The objective of this study is to assess the effect of weight loss prior to conception in overweight or obese women on a number of health-related outcomes in mother and offspring using studies published between January 2000 and December 2011. Our first literature search produced 486 citations and, based on predefined eligibility criteria, 58 were selected and ordered in full text. Two group members read each paper. Fifteen studies were selected for quality assessment and two of them were considered appropriate for inclusion in evidence tables. A complementary search identified 168 citations with four papers being ordered in full text. The two selected studies provided data for overweight and obese women. One showed a positive effect of weight loss before pregnancy on the risk of gestational diabetes and one demonstrated a reduced risk for large-for-gestational-age infants in women with a BMI above 25 who lost weight before pregnancy. No study investigated the effect of weight loss due to a dietary intervention before conception. There is a lack of studies on overweight and obese women investigating the effect of dietary-induced weight loss prior to conception on health-related variables in mother and offspring. Such studies are probably lacking since they are difficult to conduct. Therefore, alternative strategies to control the body weight of girls and women of reproductive age are needed.
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherCo-Action publishingen
dc.relation.urlhttp://dx.doi.org/10.3402/fnr.v57i0.20522en
dc.relation.urlhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3597776/?report=readeren
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Food & nutrition researchen
dc.subjectMeðgangaen
dc.subjectOffitaen
dc.subjectNýburaren
dc.subjectLíkamsþyngden
dc.subject.meshObesity/complicationsen
dc.subject.meshObesity/epidemiologyen
dc.subject.meshObesity/prevention & control*en
dc.subject.meshPregnancyen
dc.subject.meshPregnancy Complications/epidemiologyen
dc.subject.meshPregnancy Complications/etiologyen
dc.subject.meshPregnancy Complications/prevention & control*en
dc.subject.meshPregnancy Outcome*/epidemiologyen
dc.subject.meshBirth Weighten
dc.subject.meshWeight Lossen
dc.titleWeight loss before conception: A systematic literature review.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentLinkoping Univ, Dept Clin & Expt Med, SE-58185 Linkoping, Sweden, Norwegian Inst Publ Hlth, Div Environm Med, Oslo, Norway, Landspitali Univ Hosp, Unit Nutr Res, Reykjavik, Iceland, Univ Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland, Statens Serum Inst, Maternal Nutr Grp, Div Epidemiol, DK-2300 Copenhagen, Denmarken
dc.identifier.journalFood & nutrition researchen
dc.rights.accessNational Consortium - Landsaðganguren
html.description.abstractThe prevalence of overweight and obesity in women has increased during the last decades. This is a serious concern since a high BMI before conception is an independent risk factor for many adverse outcomes of pregnancy. Therefore, dietary counseling, intended to stimulate weight loss in overweight and obese women prior to conception has recently been recommended. However, dieting with the purpose to lose weight may involve health risks for mother and offspring. We conducted a systematic literature review to identify papers investigating the effects of weight loss due to dietary interventions before conception. The objective of this study is to assess the effect of weight loss prior to conception in overweight or obese women on a number of health-related outcomes in mother and offspring using studies published between January 2000 and December 2011. Our first literature search produced 486 citations and, based on predefined eligibility criteria, 58 were selected and ordered in full text. Two group members read each paper. Fifteen studies were selected for quality assessment and two of them were considered appropriate for inclusion in evidence tables. A complementary search identified 168 citations with four papers being ordered in full text. The two selected studies provided data for overweight and obese women. One showed a positive effect of weight loss before pregnancy on the risk of gestational diabetes and one demonstrated a reduced risk for large-for-gestational-age infants in women with a BMI above 25 who lost weight before pregnancy. No study investigated the effect of weight loss due to a dietary intervention before conception. There is a lack of studies on overweight and obese women investigating the effect of dietary-induced weight loss prior to conception on health-related variables in mother and offspring. Such studies are probably lacking since they are difficult to conduct. Therefore, alternative strategies to control the body weight of girls and women of reproductive age are needed.


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