Health-related quality of life in food-allergic adults from eight European countries.
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AuthorsGoossens, Nicole J
Flokstra-de Blok, Bertine M J
van der Meulen, Gerbrich N
Arnlind, Marianne H
de la Hoz Caballer, Belén
Knulst, André C
Kowalski, Marek L
Papadopoulos, Nikos G
Duiverman, Eric J
Dubois, Anthony E J
MetadataShow full item record
CitationAnn. Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2014, 113 (1):63-68.e1
AbstractFood allergy can impair health-related quality of life (HRQL). Food Allergy Quality of Life Questionnaires (FAQLQs) have been developed and validated, including an adult form (FAQLQ-AF). HRQL has not, to date, been measured across different European countries using a uniform methodology.
To translate and validate the FAQLQ-AF for use in 8 European countries (Iceland, The Netherlands, Poland, France, Spain, Italy, Greece, and Sweden).
The English FAQLQ-AF was translated, back-translated, and compared for use in the 8 relevant European languages. Adults with a perceived food allergy were recruited from outpatient departments and through a community survey. Participants completed the FAQLQ-AF, the Food Allergy Independent Measure, and questions concerning participants' characteristics. Validity of the FAQLQ-AF was analyzed for use in the 8 countries.
The FAQLQ-AF had strong construct validity (r > 0.59) and an excellent internal consistency (Cronbach α > 0.95) in all countries. Total FAQLQ-AF scores (range 3.2-5.0) were significantly different across participating countries.
The FAQLQ-AF is a suitable and valid instrument for measuring HRQL in food-allergic adults in Iceland, The Netherlands, Poland, France, Spain, Italy, Greece, and Sweden. The impact of food allergy on HRQL seems to differ among adults from the 8 participating European countries.
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