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dc.contributor.authorEysteinsdottir, T
dc.contributor.authorHalldorsson, T I
dc.contributor.authorThorsdottir, I
dc.contributor.authorSigurdsson, G
dc.contributor.authorSigurðsson, S
dc.contributor.authorHarris, T
dc.contributor.authorLauner, L J
dc.contributor.authorGudnason, V
dc.contributor.authorGunnarsdottir, I
dc.contributor.authorSteingrimsdottir, L
dc.date.accessioned2014-09-08T15:09:38Z
dc.date.available2014-09-08T15:09:38Z
dc.date.issued2014-02
dc.date.submitted2014
dc.identifier.citationOsteoporos Int. 2014, 25 (2):663-72en
dc.identifier.issn1433-2965
dc.identifier.pmid23948877
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s00198-013-2476-5
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/325944
dc.descriptionTo access publisher's full text version of this article click on the hyperlink at the bottom of the pageen
dc.description.abstractAssociation between bone mineral density and bone mineral content in old age and milk consumption in adolescence, midlife, and old age was assessed. The association was strongest for milk consumption in midlife: those drinking milk daily or more often had higher bone mineral density and content in old age than those drinking milk seldom or never.
dc.description.abstractThe role of lifelong milk consumption for bone mineral density (BMD) and bone mineral content (BMC) in old age is not clear. Here we assess the association between hip BMD and BMC in old age and milk consumption in adolescence, midlife, and current old age.
dc.description.abstractParticipants of the Age, Gene/Environment Susceptibility-Reykjavik Study, aged 66-96 years (N = 4,797), reported retrospective milk intake during adolescence and midlife as well as in current old age, using a validated food frequency questionnaire. BMC of femoral neck and trochanteric area was measured by volumetric quantitative computed tomography and BMD obtained. Association was assessed using linear regression models. Differences in BMC, bone volume, and BMD in relation to milk intake were portrayed as gender-specific Z-scores.
dc.description.abstractMen consuming milk ≥ once/day during midlife had 0.21 higher Z-scores for BMD and 0.18 for BMC in femoral neck (95 % confidence interval 0.05-0.39 and 0.01-0.35, respectively) compared with < once/week. Results were comparable for trochanter. For women the results were similar, with slightly lower differences according to midlife milk consumption. For current and adolescent milk consumption, differences in Z-scores were smaller and only reached statistical significance in the case of BMD for current consumption in men, while this association was less pronounced for BMC.
dc.description.abstractOur data suggest that regular milk consumption throughout life, from adolescence to old age, is associated with higher BMC and BMD in old age, with no differences seen in bone volume. The strongest associations are seen for midlife milk consumption in both genders.
dc.description.sponsorshipIcelandic Research Fund for Graduate Students Nordforsk NCoE Program HELGA National Institutes of Health (NIH)/01-AG-12100 Intramural Research Program of the National Institute on Aging Icelandic Heart Association Icelandic Parliament, Icelanden
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherSpringer London Ltden
dc.relation.urlhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00198-013-2476-5en
dc.relation.urlhttp://download.springer.com/static/pdf/494/art%253A10.1007%252Fs00198-013-2476-5.pdf?auth66=1410360843_eb01bf73e8a23ab2dba5542c6d2bbe5f&ext=.pdfen
dc.rightsArchived with thanks to Osteoporosis international : a journal established as result of cooperation between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the USAen
dc.subjectMjólken
dc.subjectKalk (næringarefni)en
dc.subjectBeinþéttnien
dc.subjectAldraðiren
dc.subjectMiðaldra fólken
dc.subjectÍslanden
dc.subject.meshBone Densityen
dc.subject.meshCalcium, Dietaryen
dc.subject.meshMilk*en
dc.subject.meshAdolescenten
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden
dc.subject.meshAgeden
dc.subject.meshAged, 80 and overen
dc.subject.meshIcelanden
dc.titleMilk consumption throughout life and bone mineral content and density in elderly men and women.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.contributor.departmentUniv Iceland, Unit Nutr Res, Reykjavik, Iceland, Natl Univ Hosp Reykjavik, Landspitali, Reykjavik, Iceland, Univ Iceland, Sch Hlth Sci, Fac Food Sci & Human Nutr, Reykjavik, Iceland, Iceland Heart Assoc, Kopavogur, Iceland, Univ Iceland, Sch Hlth Sci, Fac Med, Reykjavik, Iceland, NIA, Lab Epidemiol Demog & Biometry, Intramural Res Program, Bethesda, MD 20892 USAen
dc.identifier.journalOsteoporosis international : a journal established as result of cooperation between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the USAen
dc.rights.accessNational Consortium - Landsaðganguren
html.description.abstractAssociation between bone mineral density and bone mineral content in old age and milk consumption in adolescence, midlife, and old age was assessed. The association was strongest for milk consumption in midlife: those drinking milk daily or more often had higher bone mineral density and content in old age than those drinking milk seldom or never.
html.description.abstractThe role of lifelong milk consumption for bone mineral density (BMD) and bone mineral content (BMC) in old age is not clear. Here we assess the association between hip BMD and BMC in old age and milk consumption in adolescence, midlife, and current old age.
html.description.abstractParticipants of the Age, Gene/Environment Susceptibility-Reykjavik Study, aged 66-96 years (N = 4,797), reported retrospective milk intake during adolescence and midlife as well as in current old age, using a validated food frequency questionnaire. BMC of femoral neck and trochanteric area was measured by volumetric quantitative computed tomography and BMD obtained. Association was assessed using linear regression models. Differences in BMC, bone volume, and BMD in relation to milk intake were portrayed as gender-specific Z-scores.
html.description.abstractMen consuming milk ≥ once/day during midlife had 0.21 higher Z-scores for BMD and 0.18 for BMC in femoral neck (95 % confidence interval 0.05-0.39 and 0.01-0.35, respectively) compared with < once/week. Results were comparable for trochanter. For women the results were similar, with slightly lower differences according to midlife milk consumption. For current and adolescent milk consumption, differences in Z-scores were smaller and only reached statistical significance in the case of BMD for current consumption in men, while this association was less pronounced for BMC.
html.description.abstractOur data suggest that regular milk consumption throughout life, from adolescence to old age, is associated with higher BMC and BMD in old age, with no differences seen in bone volume. The strongest associations are seen for midlife milk consumption in both genders.


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