Epidemiology of fractures in Iceland and secular trends in major osteoporotic fractures 1989-2008.
Cast your vote
You can rate an item by clicking the amount of stars they wish to award to this item.
When enough users have cast their vote on this item, the average rating will also be shown.
Your vote was cast
Thank you for your feedback
Thank you for your feedback
MetadataShow full item record
CitationOsteoporos Int. 2014, 25 (1):211-9
AbstractThe incidence of the most common fracture types in Iceland is reported based on individual data from the Reykjavik Study 1967-2008. Time trend is reported for the major osteoporotic fractures (MOS) 1989-2008.
This study aims to assess the incidence of all fractures in Iceland, with emphasis on the rate of hip fractures, and compare the incidence with other populations as well as examine the secular changes.
Individuals from the prospective population-based cohort Reykjavik Study were examined between 1967 and 2008 (follow-up 26.5 years), which consisted of 9,116 men and 9,756 women born in 1907-1935, with age range 31-81 years. First fracture incidence was estimated using life table methods with age as the timescale.
Fracture rate increased proportionally with age between the sexes for vertebral and proximal humerus but disproportionally for hip and distal forearm fractures. The ratio of first fracture incidence between the sexes varied considerably by site: 2.65 for hip fractures and the highest for distal forearm fractures at 4.83. By the age of 75, 36.7% of women and 21% of men had sustained a fracture, taking into account competing risk of death. The incidence of hip fractures was similar to results previously published from USA, Sweden, Norway, and Scotland. The incidence of MOS fractures in both sexes decreased over the last decade, except hip fractures in men, which remained unchanged, as reflected in the women/men ratio for the hip, which changed from 2.6 to 1.7.
This study adds information to scarce knowledge on the relative fracture incidence of different fractures. The incidence of MOS fractures increased in the latter part of the last century in both sexes and declined during the last decade, less dramatically for men. This information is important for planning health resources.
DescriptionTo access publisher's full text version of this article click on the hyperlink at the bottom of the page
RightsArchived with thanks to Osteoporosis international : a journal established as result of cooperation between the European Foundation for Osteoporosis and the National Osteoporosis Foundation of the USA
- Epidemiology of forearm fractures in adults in Denmark: national age- and gender-specific incidence rates, ratio of forearm to hip fractures, and extent of surgical fracture repair in inpatients and outpatients.
- Authors: Abrahamsen B, Jørgensen NR, Schwarz P
- Issue date: 2015 Jan
- Incidence of hip and other osteoporotic fractures in elderly men and women: Dubbo Osteoporosis Epidemiology Study.
- Authors: Chang KP, Center JR, Nguyen TV, Eisman JA
- Issue date: 2004 Apr
- Secular trends in major osteoporotic fractures among 50+ adults in Denmark between 1995 and 2010.
- Authors: Abtahi S, Driessen JHM, Vestergaard P, van den Bergh J, Boonen A, de Vries F, Burden AM
- Issue date: 2018 Aug 27
- The incidence of a first major osteoporotic fracture in Iceland and implications for FRAX.
- Authors: Siggeirsdottir K, Aspelund T, Johansson H, Gudmundsson EF, Mogensen B, Jonsson BY, Gudnason V, McCloskey E, Oden A, Sigurdsson G, Kanis JA
- Issue date: 2014 Oct
- [Review of epidemiology of fractures in the Icelandic Heart Association cohort].
- Authors: Sigurdsson G, Siggeirsdottir K, Jonsson BY, Morgensen B, Gudmundsson EF, Aspelund T, Gudnason V
- Issue date: 2017 Oktober