Cast your vote
You can rate an item by clicking the amount of stars they wish to award to this item.
When enough users have cast their vote on this item, the average rating will also be shown.
Your vote was cast
Thank you for your feedback
Thank you for your feedback
MetadataShow full item record
Other TitlesDeath and dying - definition and determination
CitationLæknablaðið 2000, 86(1):39-44
AbstractFor the first half of this century there was no major dispute over the criteria for death. This was to change dramatically with major technological breakthroughs in modern medicine starting with the advent of the respirators. The consequences of their use raised serious questions about the traditional ways of diagnosing death. Today there are two different philosophical positions about what it means to be dead in terms of brain functions: One, which is not currently law in any jurisdiction, would pronounce a person dead when there is an irreversible loss of higher brain functions. This has been called cognitive death. The patient is not in a coma, because arousal mechanisms are present, the brain stem functions being relatively intact. The other philosophical position considers a person dead if there is an irreversible loss of the functions of the brain stem or the entire brain. The neurologic syndrome of brain death has been accepted by the medical profession as a distinct clinical entity that experienced physicians can diagnose with an extremely high degree of certainty, and can usually easily be distinguished from other neurologic syndromes. However, we must not lose sight of the fact that this is less a conclusion than a beginning. It is the task of philosophy to offer analyses of personhood and of personal identity that might support practical formulations for the determination of death and theology has reflected upon the meaning of death, if not its definition, from time immemorial. To define the death of a human being we must recognize the characteristics that are essential to humaneness. It is quite inadequate to limit the discussion to the death of the heart or the brain.
Sá einstaklingur er látinn, sem hefir annað hvort orðið fyrir því, (a) að öndun og blóðrás hafi endanlega stöðvast eða hins vegar því, (b) að öll starfsemi alls heilans sé óafturkallanlega hætt, þar með talin starfsemi heilastofnsins. Dauði skal staðfestur í samræmi við viðurkennda læknisfræðilega staðla (1).
DescriptionTo access publisher full text version of this article. Please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links field
- [The origin of informed consent].
- Authors: Mallardi V
- Issue date: 2005 Oct
- What it Means to Die in Islam and Modern Medicine.
- Authors: Boobes Y, Al Daker N
- Issue date: 1996 Apr-Jun
- Human death and high technology: the failure of the whole-brain formulations.
- Authors: Youngner SJ, Bartlett ET
- Issue date: 1983 Aug
- Contemporary controversies in the definition of death.
- Authors: Bernat JL
- Issue date: 2009
- Constructing the death elephant: a synthetic paradigm shift for the definition, criteria, and tests for death.
- Authors: Shewmon DA
- Issue date: 2010 Jun