Fat-soluble vitamins in the maternal diet, influence of cod liver oil supplementation and impact of the maternal diet on human milk composition.
Cast your vote
You can rate an item by clicking the amount of stars they wish to award to this item.
When enough users have cast their vote on this item, the average rating will also be shown.
Your vote was cast
Thank you for your feedback
Thank you for your feedback
MetadataShow full item record
CitationAnn. Nutr. Metab. 2001, 45(6):265-72
AbstractBACKGROUND/AIMS: To investigate lactating mothers' intake of fat-soluble vitamins in free-living subjects and to what extent cod liver oil supplementation influences the maternal intake in a population with common intake of cod liver oil. The impact of maternal diet on the concentration of fat-soluble vitamins in human milk was studied. METHODS: Dietary intake of 77 lactating women was investigated by 24-hour diet recalls and breast-milk samples were taken at the same occasions. Breast milk samples were analyzed for fat-soluble vitamins. RESULTS: The median intakes were 927 microg/day for vitamin A, 5.5 mg/day for vitamin E and 3.3 microg/day for vitamin D. Maternal vitamin A, E and D intakes were higher when the diet was supplemented with cod liver oil. Icelandic breast milk was found to have high contents of vitamin A and E. Only vitamin D was too low in breast milk to meet the recommended intake for infants. Retinylpalmitate in relation to lipids correlated with maternal vitamin A intake (r = 0.23, p < 0.05). The group with cod liver oil supplementation had significantly lower levels of gamma-tocopherol in breast milk (p < 0.01), whereas the supplementation did not affect other fat-soluble vitamins. CONCLUSION: The recommended intake of fat-soluble vitamins for lactating women can more easily be met with a cod liver oil supplementation than diet alone. Only vitamin D in human milk cannot meet the recommended intakes for infants, with normal breastfeeding. There is a relationship between the content of vitamins A and E in human milk and the maternal diet.
DescriptionTo access publisher full text version of this article. Please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links field
- Polyunsaturated fatty acids in the diet and breast milk of lactating icelandic women with traditional fish and cod liver oil consumption.
- Authors: Olafsdottir AS, Thorsdottir I, Wagner KH, Elmadfa I
- Issue date: 2006
- Lactating women restricting milk are low on select nutrients.
- Authors: Mannion CA, Gray-Donald K, Johnson-Down L, Koski KG
- Issue date: 2007 Apr
- Fatty acid composition in maternal milk and plasma during supplementation with cod liver oil.
- Authors: Helland IB, Saarem K, Saugstad OD, Drevon CA
- Issue date: 1998 Nov
- Maternal supplementation with very-long-chain n-3 fatty acids during pregnancy and lactation augments children's IQ at 4 years of age.
- Authors: Helland IB, Smith L, Saarem K, Saugstad OD, Drevon CA
- Issue date: 2003 Jan
- Do Current Fortification and Supplementation Programs Assure Adequate Intake of Fat-Soluble Vitamins in Belgian Infants, Toddlers, Pregnant Women, and Lactating Women?
- Authors: Moyersoen I, Lachat C, Cuypers K, Ridder K, Devleesschauwer B, Tafforeau J, Vandevijvere S, Vansteenland M, De Meulenaer B, Van Camp J, Van Oyen H
- Issue date: 2018 Feb 16