Cast your vote
You can rate an item by clicking the amount of stars they wish to award to this item.
When enough users have cast their vote on this item, the average rating will also be shown.
Your vote was cast
Thank you for your feedback
Thank you for your feedback
MetadataShow full item record
CitationBJOG 2004, 111(10):1121-7
AbstractOBJECTIVES: To determine if a history of sexual abuse is associated with objective and subjective indicators of health and if certain abusive incidents had a stronger impact on health than others. DESIGN: A cross-sectional, multicentre study. SETTING: Five gynaecological departments in the five Nordic countries. SAMPLE: Three thousand five hundred and thirty-nine gynaecology patients. METHODS: The NorVold Abuse Questionnaire (NorAQ) on abuse history and current health was mailed to all patients who consented to participate. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Reason for index visit at the gynaeocological clinic as well as several questions on health were recorded. General health status was measured as self-estimated health, psychosomatic symptoms (headache, abdominal pain, muscle, weakness, dizziness), number of health care visits and number of periods on sick leave. RESULT: A history of sexual abuse was reported by 20.7% of respondents. A history of sexual abuse was significantly associated with chronic pelvic pain as reason for index visit (P < 0.01), laparoscopic surgery (P < 0.01), psychosomatic symptoms (P < 0.01), self-estimated poor health (P < 0.01), many health care visits (P < 0.01) and high incidence of sick leave (P < 0.01). Several subgroups within the group of sexually abused women were more likely to report poor health: women abused as both children and adults, women who experienced additional emotional and/or physical abuse and women abused by a person they knew. CONCLUSION: Sexual abuse has a profound impact on women's health. Taking a history of sexual abuse seems particularly warranted when the patient presents with chronic pelvic pain or symptoms of a vague and diffuse nature.
- Survivors of sexual abuse: clinical, lifestyle and reproductive consequences.
- Authors: Young TK, Katz A
- Issue date: 1998 Aug 25
- Experiences of physical and sexual abuse and their implications for current health.
- Authors: Pikarinen U, Saisto T, Schei B, Swahnberg K, Halmesmäki E
- Issue date: 2007 May
- Abuse history and chronic pain in women: I. Prevalences of sexual abuse and physical abuse.
- Authors: Walling MK, Reiter RC, O'Hara MW, Milburn AK, Lilly G, Vincent SD
- Issue date: 1994 Aug
- Patients' experiences of abuse in health care: a Nordic study on prevalence and associated factors in gynecological patients.
- Authors: Swahnberg K, Schei B, Hilden M, Halmesmäki E, Sidenius K, Steingrimsdottir T, Wijma B
- Issue date: 2007
- Association between experiencing rape, police reporting, and self-reported health among women visiting three gynecology clinics in Sweden.
- Authors: Davidsson J, Benjaminsson G, Wijma B, Swahnberg K
- Issue date: 2009