The prognostic value of injury severity, location of event, and age at injury in pediatric traumatic head injuries.
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AuthorsHalldorsson, Jonas G
Flekkoy, Kjell M
Arnkelsson, Gudmundur B
Gudmundsson, Kristinn R
Arnarson, Eirikur Orn
MetadataShow full item record
CitationNeuropsychiatr Dis Treat. 2008, 4(2):405-12
AbstractAIMS: To estimate the prognostic value of injury severity, location of event, and demographic parameters, for symptoms of pediatric traumatic head injury (THI) 4 years later. METHODS: Data were collected prospectively from Reykjavik City Hospital on all patients age 0-19 years, diagnosed with THI (n = 408) during one year. Information was collected on patient demographics, location of traumatic event, cause of injury, injury severity, and ICD-9 diagnosis. Injury severity was estimated according to the Head Injury Severity Scale (HISS). Four years post-injury, a questionnaire on late symptoms attributed to the THI was sent. RESULTS: Symptoms reported were more common among patients with moderate/severe THI than among others (p < 0.001). The event location had prognostic value (p < 0.05). Overall, 72% of patients with moderate/severe motor vehicle-related THI reported symptoms. There was a curvilinear age effect (p < 0.05). Symptoms were least frequent in the youngest age group, 0-4 years, and most frequent in the age group 5-14 years. Gender and urban/rural residence were not significantly related to symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Motor vehicle related moderate/severe THI resulted in a high rate of late symptoms. Location had a prognostic value. Patients with motor vehicle-related THI need special consideration regardless of injury severity.
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