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dc.contributor.authorArnarson, E O
dc.contributor.authorGudmundsdottir, A
dc.contributor.authorBoyle, G J
dc.date.accessioned2009-02-23T14:56:24Z
dc.date.available2009-02-23T14:56:24Z
dc.date.issued1998-02-01
dc.date.submitted2009-02-23
dc.identifier.citationJ Clin Psychol. 1998, 54(2):257-65en
dc.identifier.issn0021-9762
dc.identifier.pmid9467770
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/(SICI)1097-4679(199802)54:2<257::AID-JCLP15>3.0.CO;2-I
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2336/50173
dc.descriptionTo access publisher full text version of this article. Please click on the hyperlink in Additional Links fielden
dc.description.abstractAn epidemiological questionnaire survey of the prevalence of the various types of phobias was undertaken among the Icelandic population. Out of 1,000 individuals surveyed, in accord with national census data held in Reykjavík, 775 questionnaires were returned. Results confirmed that among Icelanders, phobic symptoms overall are more prevalent among women than men. Prevalence rates were lower for individuals 45 years or older, suggesting that extinction may occur with ageing. Divorced or separated individuals were most at risk, as were women homemakers, disabled, or unemployed persons. Education was inversely related to the incidence of all types of phobias, with individuals with less than 10 years of education reporting the highest rates of phobia. Most respondents attributed the onset of their phobias to a specific terrifying experience, and in many cases, to observing another person displaying an intense fear reaction in a given situation. Factor analysis of the data indicated that social anxiety phobias accounted for the greatest proportion of variance.
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherWileyen
dc.relation.urlhttp://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=147996&site=ehost-liveen
dc.subject.meshAdolescenten
dc.subject.meshAdulten
dc.subject.meshAge Distributionen
dc.subject.meshAgeden
dc.subject.meshFactor Analysis, Statisticalen
dc.subject.meshFemaleen
dc.subject.meshHumansen
dc.subject.meshIcelanden
dc.subject.meshMaleen
dc.subject.meshMiddle Ageden
dc.subject.meshPhobic Disordersen
dc.subject.meshPrevalenceen
dc.subject.meshRisk Factorsen
dc.subject.meshSex Distributionen
dc.subject.meshSocioeconomic Factorsen
dc.titleSix-month prevalence of phobic symptoms in Iceland: an epidemiological postal survey.en
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.eissn1097-4679
dc.contributor.departmentDepartment of Psychiatry, National University Hospital, Reykjavík, Iceland.en
dc.identifier.journalJournal of clinical psychologyen
html.description.abstractAn epidemiological questionnaire survey of the prevalence of the various types of phobias was undertaken among the Icelandic population. Out of 1,000 individuals surveyed, in accord with national census data held in Reykjavík, 775 questionnaires were returned. Results confirmed that among Icelanders, phobic symptoms overall are more prevalent among women than men. Prevalence rates were lower for individuals 45 years or older, suggesting that extinction may occur with ageing. Divorced or separated individuals were most at risk, as were women homemakers, disabled, or unemployed persons. Education was inversely related to the incidence of all types of phobias, with individuals with less than 10 years of education reporting the highest rates of phobia. Most respondents attributed the onset of their phobias to a specific terrifying experience, and in many cases, to observing another person displaying an intense fear reaction in a given situation. Factor analysis of the data indicated that social anxiety phobias accounted for the greatest proportion of variance.


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